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When Structure Met Sputnik:: On the Cold War Origins of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

George Reisch

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines two moments in the development of Thomas Kuhn’s theory of science that debuted in 1962’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions: when Kuhn spoke in Berkeley about the meaning ... More


Aristotle in the Cold War: On the Origins of Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

George A. Reisch

in Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty: Reflections on a Science Classic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226317038
eISBN:
9780226317175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317175.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter contextualizes Kuhn’s early thinking about science and philosophy in the first years of the cold war and, in particular, his formative “Aristotle experience,” his sudden realization that ... More


Putting Durkheim's Texts to Work

Robert Alun Jones

in Teaching Durkheim

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195165272
eISBN:
9780199784554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165276.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In a variety of different subject areas — for example, sociology, history, and most recently religious studies — Durkheim has been a central focus in this book's author's teaching for more than ... More


Practice All the Way Down

Peter Galison

in Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty: Reflections on a Science Classic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226317038
eISBN:
9780226317175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317175.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the scientific practices behind Thomas S. Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions. By examining Kuhn’s civilian (solid state quantum theory) and wartime (WW II radar ... More


Kuhntradictions

Roy A. Sorensen

in Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on Thomas Kuhn's account of thought experiments. It begins with what Kuhn takes to be the smart talk about thought experiments. It then details Kuhn's amendments to this view and ... More


Conclusion

John Dupré

in Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Countless features of human evolution cannot be explained in detail by Charles Darwin's theory, as abstract models are more represented than the tiny part of the totality. Scientific works are, ... More


A History of Philosophy in America: 1720-2000

Bruce Kuklick

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199260164
eISBN:
9780191597893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260168.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

I have been selective in my emphases rather than encyclopaedic and exhaustive. In focusing on American philosophy, the book makes implicit claims about thought and life related to a peculiar western ... More


The Tribulations of Professional Philosophy, 1962–1999

Bruce Kuklick

in A History of Philosophy in America: 1720-2000

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199260164
eISBN:
9780191597893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260168.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

At the end of the twentieth century, professional philosophy fragmented and lost its hold on the educated public in the US. Analytic philosophy split into many competing groups, while a group of ... More


Social Inquiry After Wittgenstein and Kuhn: Leaving Everything as It Is

John Gunnell

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169400
eISBN:
9780231538343
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169400.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

A distinctive feature of Ludwig Wittgenstein's work after 1930 was his turn to a conception of philosophy as a form of social inquiry, and Thomas Kuhn's approach to the philosophy of science ... More


Interpreting Science: Kuhn as a Social Theorist

John G. Gunnell

in Social Inquiry After Wittgenstein and Kuhn: Leaving Everything as It Is

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169400
eISBN:
9780231538343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169400.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with the clarification of Thomas Kuhn's controversial account of science, focusing on how it relates to issues in social inquiry and how it exemplifies Wittgenstein's ... More


Thomas Kuhn & the Shadow of Wittgenstein

John G. Gunnell

in Social Inquiry After Wittgenstein and Kuhn: Leaving Everything as It Is

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169400
eISBN:
9780231538343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169400.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter demonstrates how the shadow of Wittgenstein looms over issues of social inquiry. This shadow, however, is not an accurate manifestation of his argument, and it confuses the domain on ... More


Thomas Kuhn

Nathaniel Jason Goldberg

in Kantian Conceptual Geography

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780190215385
eISBN:
9780190215408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190215385.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter Three focuses on Thomas Kuhn, arguably the most famous philosopher of science of the last century, who contributed to epistemology, philosophy of language, and metaphysics as well. By ... More


History of Science without Structure

Lorraine Daston

in Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty: Reflections on a Science Classic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226317038
eISBN:
9780226317175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317175.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

No word in the title (and project) of Thomas Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions now seems more outdated among historians of science than “structure.” The success of Kuhn’s own historicist ... More


Paul Samuelson's Mach

Rod Cross

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This final chapter analyzes Samuelson's methodology through the work of the physicist, psychologist, and philosopher Ernst Mach, categorizing Mach's thoughts with a big ‘M’. Thoughts of Mach range ... More


Justification, Meta-Epistemology, and Meaning

Paul K. Moser

in Philosophy after Objectivity: Making Sense in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195081091
eISBN:
9780199852994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195081091.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One's explaining, evaluating, and arguing for epistemic justification and one's answers to questions about correct standards for such matters properly end in considerations about an operative notion ... More


Kuhn’s Gap: From Logic to Sociology

William Rehg

in Cogent Science in Context: The Science Wars, Argumentation Theory, and Habermas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182713
eISBN:
9780262255318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182713.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses and characterizes the gap between logical and social-institutional perspectives in terms of argumentation theory after the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific ... More


Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty: Reflections on a Science Classic

Robert J. "Richards and Lorraine Daston (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226317038
eISBN:
9780226317175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317175.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty is a collection of essay in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s famous book. The essays reconstruct the ... More


A Paradigm Shift in Classical Archaeology?

Anthony Snodgrass

in Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623334
eISBN:
9780748653577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623334.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter sets the recent and partial transformation in the content and practice of classical archaeology against the background of Thomas S. Kuhn's well-known work, The Structure of Scientific ... More


Appendix: The Philosophers’ Atom

Helge Kragh

in Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This appendix offers a brief outline of how philosophers of science since the 1960s have thought about the Bohr atomic theory. One group of problems that has attracted philosophical interest relates ... More


Entering into a New Paradigm

William A. Richards and G. William Barnard

in Sacred Knowledge: Psychedelics and Religious Experiences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231174060
eISBN:
9780231540919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174060.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

A shift in how we understand reality.


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