Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 29 items

  • Keywords: Thermodynamics x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Thermodynamics and the Origins of Order

Niall Shanks

in God, the Devil, and Darwin: A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195161991
eISBN:
9780199835058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161998.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The creationist claim that evolution is inconsistent with the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy in the universe increases, is discussed and refuted: local reductions in entropy ... More


Continuum Mechanics of Solids

Lallit Anand and Sanjay Govindjee

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198864721
eISBN:
9780191896767
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864721.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Continuum mechanics of Solids presents a unified treatment of the major concepts in Solid Mechanics for beginning graduate students in the many branches of engineering. The fundamental topics of ... More


An Introduction to Thermal Physics

Daniel V. Schroeder

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780192895547
eISBN:
9780191915000
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895547.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Thermal physics deals with collections of large numbers of particles—typically 1023 or so. Examples include the air in a balloon, the water in a lake, the electrons in a chunk of metal, and the ... More


Subjective Probability and Statistical Physics

Jos Uffink

in Probabilities in Physics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199577439
eISBN:
9780191730603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577439.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines subjectivist interpretations of probabilities in statistical physics. It provides an introduction to subjectivism about probabilities and its main tenets by tracing its history, ... More


Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Andrew Clarke

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Temperature affects everything. It influences all aspects of the physical environment and governs any process that involves a flow of energy, setting boundaries on what an organism can or cannot do. ... More


Thermodynamics: A complete undergraduate course

Andrew M. Steane

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788560
eISBN:
9780191830426
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788560.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This is an undergraduate textbook in thermodynamics—the science of heat, work, temperature, and entropy. The text presents thermodynamics in and of itself, as an elegant and powerful set of ideas and ... More


Two

Juan Manuel Garrido

in On Time, Being, and Hunger: Challenging the Traditional Way of Thinking Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823239351
eISBN:
9780823239399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239351.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter characterizes further the temporal-irreversible structure implied in teleological explanation. It focuses on the history of nineteenth-century thermodynamics and highlights the ... More


Ten principles of thermal ecology

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A brief summary of the key physical and ecological principles underpinning thermal ecology.


The Nernst Postulate: The Third Law of Thermodynamics

Robert H. Swendsen

in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198853237
eISBN:
9780191887703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853237.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Nernst postulate, or Third Law of Thermodynamics, is derived from quantum statistical mechanics. It states, ‘The entropy of a thermodynamic system goes to a constant as the temperature goes to ... More


Fundamentals

Joel Bernstein

in Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780199655441
eISBN:
9780191872853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655441.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The physical and structural fundamentals of polymorphism are introduced, including a review of the phase rule and the thermodynamic relations in polymorphs. The latter are used to introduce ... More


The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Second Law. The definition of entropy, and its mathematical properties. The Clausius inequality, and the criterion of spontaneity of change in an isolated system. Worked examples of heat flow ... More


Basic Concepts of Artificial Chemistries

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter covers some basic concepts that constitute the pillars of any artificial chemistry. Starting with principles of computational modeling and simulation, we then move on to some notions of ... More


Philosophy and Apology

David Fisher

in Much Ado about (Practically) Nothing: A History of the Noble Gases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195393965
eISBN:
9780197562796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195393965.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

To paraphrase the first advertisement for my first book (“Crisis is a terrifying novel. But don’t let that scare you”), this book is about the noble gases. But don’t let that scare you. It’s ... More


The Laws of Thermodynamics: Thomson and Clausius

Jennifer Coopersmith

in Energy, the Subtle Concept: The discovery of Feynman's blocks from Leibniz to Einstein

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716747
eISBN:
9780191800955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716747.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) defined the absolute scale of temperature. He heard of Joule’s work in 1847 but could not reconcile Joule’s interconversions between heat and mechanical energy with ... More


Energy in Thermal Physics

Daniel V. Schroeder

in An Introduction to Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780192895547
eISBN:
9780191915000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895547.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The behavior of energy in bulk-matter systems is subtle. We observe that energy flows spontaneously from high to low temperature; we refer to this flowing energy as heat; and we distinguish heat from ... More


Engines and Refrigerators

Daniel V. Schroeder

in An Introduction to Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780192895547
eISBN:
9780191915000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895547.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The laws of energy conservation and entropy increase put limits on the efficiency of any heat engine and any refrigeration device working over a given temperature range. The limits are independent of ... More


Energy and heat

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Energy is the capacity to do work and heat is the spontaneous flow of energy from one body or system to another through the random movement of atoms or molecules. The entropy of a system determines ... More


Energy flow in organisms

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

An organism is an open thermodynamic system exchanging both energy and materials with its environment. Organisms exchange energy with their environment by radiation, conduction, convection and ... More


Introduction: Seventy Years of Calorimetry

Richard Wigmans

in Calorimetry: Energy Measurement in Particle Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786351
eISBN:
9780191828652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786351.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The history of calorimetry is described, starting with the small scintillating crystals that were used as nuclear gamma ray detectors, to the multi-ton instruments that form the heart of modern ... More


Introduction

Robert H. Swendsen

in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198853237
eISBN:
9780191887703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853237.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The introduction gives the plan of the book and guides the reader to the main points. The book is divided into four parts: Part I provides a complete derivation of the entropy of the ideal gas, a ... More


View: