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Spouses of Wisdom: Philo’s Therapeutrides, Reconsidered

Ross Shepard Kraemer

in Unreliable Witnesses: Religion, Gender, and History in the Greco-Roman Mediterranean

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743186
eISBN:
9780199894680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743186.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter revisits the Therapeutae, a community of Judean female and male philosophers known only from an account by Philo of Alexandria. Previously taking Philo’s account as sufficiently ... More


Jewish Women Philosophers of First-Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered

Joan E. Taylor

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199291410
eISBN:
9780191700637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291410.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

The 1st-century ascetic Jewish philosophers known as the ‘Therapeutae’, described in Philo's treatise De Vita Contemplativa, have often been considered in comparison with early Christians, the ... More


On Method

Joan E. Taylor

in Jewish Women Philosophers of First-Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199291410
eISBN:
9780191700637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291410.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

There have been many studies on the people described by Philo of Alexandria (c.20 BCE-c.50 BCE) in his treatise, De Vita Contemplativa. These contemplative, mystically minded Jews, devoted to music, ... More


Philo's De Vita Contemplativa in Historical Context

Joan E. Taylor

in Jewish Women Philosophers of First-Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199291410
eISBN:
9780191700637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291410.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

What we know about Philo 2,000 years after his birth is little more than what Eusebius tells us at the beginning of the fourth century. We gain a greater understanding of Philo and his works when we ... More


Identity: The Name ‘Therapeutae’ and the Essenes

Joan E. Taylor

in Jewish Women Philosophers of First-Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199291410
eISBN:
9780191700637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291410.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

It is important to recognize at the very start that our information about the community described by Philo in De Vita Contemplativa is embedded in rhetoric. It is usual in scholarship to refer to the ... More


Conclusion

Joan E. Taylor

in Jewish Women Philosophers of First-Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199291410
eISBN:
9780191700637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291410.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Religion in the Ancient World

Since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the elusive Therapeutae have sometimes been read through a different lens, and configured as a branch of the better known Essene school of Judaea, ... More


Social Justice and the Legitimacy of Slavery: The Role of Philosophical Asceticism from Ancient Judaism to Late Antiquity

Ilaria L.E. Ramelli

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198777274
eISBN:
9780191823022
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777274.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, History of Christianity

Were slavery and social injustice leading to dire poverty in antiquity and late antiquity only regarded as normal, ‘natural’ (Aristotle), or at best morally ‘indifferent’ (the Stoics), or, in the ... More


The Holy Books of the Essenes and Therapeutae

Timothy H. Lim

in The Formation of the Jewish Canon

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300164343
eISBN:
9780300164954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300164343.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter asks: how did Philo and Josephus characterize the scriptures of the Essenes and Therapeutae? It is difficult to know with certainty what the Essenes and Therapeutae understood by way of ... More


“Of the Hebrew Race”: Eusebius’s Philo

Jennifer Otto

in Philo of Alexandria and the Construction of Jewishness in Early Christian Writings

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198820727
eISBN:
9780191860331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820727.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Eusebius refers to Philo far more frequently than any previous early Christian writer. In most of these citations, he describes Philo as a Hebrew. The chapter begins with an analysis of the clear ... More


Gendered Space: Eusebius on the Therapeutae and the ‘Megiddo Church’

Joan E. Taylor

in Patterns of Women's Leadership in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198867067
eISBN:
9780191903830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867067.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter considers the meeting place of the Therapeutae, described in Philo of Alexandria’s De Vita Contemplativa, as represented by Eusebius of Caesarea. Since Eusebius read Philo’s treatise as ... More


The Background of Greek Philosophy and Ancient Judaism: Asceticism, Slavery, and Socio-economic Injustice

Ilaria L. E. Ramelli

in Social Justice and the Legitimacy of Slavery: The Role of Philosophical Asceticism from Ancient Judaism to Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198777274
eISBN:
9780191823022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777274.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, History of Christianity

This chapter’s investigation into philosophy begins with the sophists and Socrates. Against unnamed sophists Aristotle theorized natural slavery, here critically analysed. Slaves, women, and ... More


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