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Cicero and Dicaearchus

Sean Mcconnell

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume 42

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644384
eISBN:
9780191743344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644384.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Cicero's general interest in Dicaearchus' ethical and political thought can be detected in his letters to Atticus and De legibus. At present, however, we do not possess a clear and detailed picture ... More


Prayer, Sacrifice, Festivals, Dedications, and Priests in ‘Service to the Gods’

Jon D. Mikalson

in Greek Popular Religion in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577835
eISBN:
9780191723063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577835.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Most Greek philosophers accepted and even promoted prayer, sacrifice, festivals, and dedications, but with modifications and restrictions. The Socratic argument that prayers should be made only for ... More


Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Allan Gotthelf

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book — an interconnected set of sixteen chapters, four previously unpublished, addresses in parallel three main topics and Aristotle's three main biological treatises. Starting with a set of six ... More


On Talkativeness

Lieve Van Hoof

in Plutarch's Practical Ethics: The Social Dynamics of Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583263
eISBN:
9780191723131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583263.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with On Talkativeness, a ‘psychotherapeutic’ work discussing speech, a central issue in elite culture in Plutarch's days. As opposed to earlier authors such as Theophrastus, ... More


Auto/biografiction: Counterfeit Lives: A Taxonomy of Displacements of Fiction towards Life‐Writing

Max Saunders

in Self Impression: Life-Writing, Autobiografiction, and the Forms of Modern Literature

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579761
eISBN:
9780191722882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579761.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter examines the converse displacement to that considered in Chapters 3 and Chapter 4, looking instead at cases where fiction‐writers colonize the forms of life‐writing, producing a variety ... More


Historiae I: Plantarum et Animalium

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Evident parallels between the aims, structure, and progression of Aristotle's History of Animals Book I and Theophrastus's History of Plants Book I invite a closer study of each, both separately and ... More


The Platonic Origins Of Stoic Theology

Francesco Ademollo

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666164
eISBN:
9780191751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666164.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This article investigates what the Stoic doctrine of the two principles, God and matter, owes to Plato. It engages with recent scholarly views to the effect that the Stoics were influenced by Old ... More


Jewish Anti-Christian Arguments as a Source of Irreligion from the Seventeenth to the Early Nineteenth Century

Richard H. Popkin

in Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227366
eISBN:
9780191678684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227366.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, History of Religion

This chapter examines an important source of anti-Christian ideas on the circulation of Jewish polemics against Christianity during the early nineteenth century. Christian intellectuals generally ... More


Historical Background to the Interpretation of Aristotle's Teleology

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

According to the standard history, Aristotelian teleology and final causes were discarded in the scientific revolution in favor of the mechanical philosophy. In fact, the term teleology was invented ... More


Theophrastus and the Stoics: Forcing the Issue

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle's pupil Theophrastus sharpened the claim that happiness requires external goods as well as virtue, a claim prominently denied by the Stoics. Their position that virtue is sufficient for ... More


Torpedoes in the Greco-Roman World: Pt. 1. Wonders of Nature Between Science and Myth

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The ancient Greeks and other people living along the coast of the warm Mediterranean Sea and its branches were very familiar with torpedoes, “a mean and groveling animal armed with lightning, that ... More


Aristotle: Explanation and the World

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson examines Aristotle's philosophy of science, or the logical structure of explanation as set out in the Posterior Analytics, and which is based on the theory of the syllogism ... More


Aristotle’s Case Against the Sufficiency Thesis

Daniel C. Russell

in Happiness for Humans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583683
eISBN:
9780191745713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583683.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins the examination of the ancient debate over the sufficiency of virtuous activity for happiness, starting with Aristotle and his ancient successors. Although Aristotle is often ... More


The Distinction between Primary and Secondary Qualities in Ancient Greek Philosophy

Mi-Kyoung Lee

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the primary–secondary quality distinction can be found in ancient Greek philosophers in the form of two distinctions, one between the intrinsic qualities of basic matter and ... More


The Image of the Jews in Greek Literature: The Hellenistic Period

Bezalel Bar-Kochva

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520253360
eISBN:
9780520943636
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253360.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This contribution to ongoing debates about perceptions of the Jews in antiquity examines the attitudes of Greek writers of the Hellenistic period toward the Jewish people. Among the leading Greek ... More


The Classical Era: Science by Division

John S. Wilkins

in Species: A History of the Idea

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260856
eISBN:
9780520945074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260856.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the history of the species concept and the philosophical foundations of classification. The species concept is divided into universal and biological taxonomic notions. The ... More


Introduction

Michael W. Champion

in Explaining the Cosmos: Creation and Cultural Interaction in Late-Antique Gaza

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199337484
eISBN:
9780199354986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337484.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The introduction introduces the three Gazans and their respective works, after considering how the method of elucidation of problems may unite cultural and intellectual history, how culture may best ... More


The Change in the Philosophical Situation Brought about by the Reformation: Paracelsus’s New Natural Philosophy and the “No” in Jakob Böhme’s God

Vittorio Hösle

in A Short History of German Philosophy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167190
eISBN:
9781400883042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167190.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the thoughts of natural philosopher Theophrastus Bombastus of Hohenheim, called Paracelsus (1493–1541), and Jakob Böhme (1575–1624). Like most of the innovative ideas of the ... More


Cosmopolitan Cynicisms: George Eliot and Ford Madox Ford

Helen Small

in The Function of Cynicism at the Present Time

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198861935
eISBN:
9780191894756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198861935.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter turns to one of the most flexible and complex political effects of cynicism: its taking of distance on the politics of the nation state. It starts by re-reading the old story of ... More


Sunspots before the telescope

in On Sunspots

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226707150
eISBN:
9780226707174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226707174.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses observations about the sunspots before the invention of the telescope. Far Eastern observers have noted sunspots and their records date back to at least 165 B.C. The ... More


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