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Race and the Evolutionary Synthesis

Michael Yudell and J. Craig Venter

in Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168748
eISBN:
9780231537995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The combination of experimental genetics, theoretical population genetics, and natural history produces an evolutionary synthesis in biology. This chapter shows how this synthesis resolved various ... More


Species and Speciation Reconsidered, 1935–

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter illustrates the reinvention of the theory of the origin of species in isolation. It was Theodosius Dobzhansky who revived this line of thinking in a short paper published in 1935, ... More


Challenges to the Race Concept

Michael Yudell and J. Craig Venter

in Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168748
eISBN:
9780231537995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter focuses on various contradictions in the race concept. Two of these rebuttals have become chief examples of scientific racism, as well as significant in their way of representing the ... More


Conclusion

John Dupré

in Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Countless features of human evolution cannot be explained in detail by Charles Darwin's theory, as abstract models are more represented than the tiny part of the totality. Scientific works are, ... More


The Synthesis and Species

John S. Wilkins

in Species: A History of the Idea

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260856
eISBN:
9780520945074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260856.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the beginnings of the modern synthesis and modern species debate. Ronald A. Fisher is famous as the founder of the modern synthesis between Mendelian genetics and Darwinian ... More


The Question of Diversity

Megan Raby

in American Tropics: The Caribbean Roots of Biodiversity Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635606
eISBN:
9781469635613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635606.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Tracing the fieldwork and ideas of Robert H. MacArthur, Howard T. Odum, and Theodosius Dobzhansky, chapter 4 examines the post­World War II rise of efforts to capture the complexity of tropical ... More


Scientific Myth and Mysticism

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

To some, including Bernal, Haldane, Huxley, and figures such as Teilhard de Chardin, science might embrace prophecy and myth. At the same time, Loren Eiseley, P. B. Medawar, and Theodosius Dobzhansky ... More


Shaping Science with Rhetoric: The Cases of Dobzhansky, Schrodinger, and Wilson

Leah Ceccarelli

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226099064
eISBN:
9780226099088
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226099088.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

How do scientists persuade colleagues from diverse fields to cross the disciplinary divide, risking their careers in new interdisciplinary research programs? Why do some attempts to inspire such ... More


Epilogue: Dobzhansky’s Paradox and the Future of Racial Research

Michael Yudell and J. Craig Venter

in Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168748
eISBN:
9780231537995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter talks about how the continued claims for the utilization of race as a tool for classification are driven by four factors. Firstly, the reductionist ontology underlying genomic science ... More


The Ascent of Man Defended

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The final chapter of Part II shows how in the afterwar years, Huxley’s humanism gained through international institutionalization and new followers across disciplinary and national boundaries. ... More


Introduction Biology's Untenable Dualism

in Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter discusses how the combination of physicalism and antireductionism is an untenable dualism. This book argues that the physicalist must be a reductionist. But the physicalist ... More


The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

David Sepkoski and Michael Ruse (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

Paleontology has long had a troubled relationship with evolutionary biology. Suffering from a reputation as a second-tier science and conjuring images of fossil collectors and amateurs who dig up ... More


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