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Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Wallace Matson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

After a Darwinian-type account of what beliefs are and how they arose in animals acting to cope with their environments–“low beliefs,” virtually all of which are true–Professor Matson shows how the ... More


Introduction: How one thing led to another

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Overview. Genesis of the work in attempt to solve Popper's Demarcation Problem, separation of sense from nonsense, by considering beliefs and verifications instead of propositions and verifiability. ... More


The Presocratics

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson considers the contributions to the explanation of nature of each of the major Presocratic figures. Following a brief sketch of the cosmogonies of Homer and Hesiod, ... More


Close Encounter of the Philosophical Kind

Demetris Nicolaides

in In Search of a Theory of Everything: The Philosophy Behind Physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190098353
eISBN:
9780190098384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098353.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

It’s an imaginative encounter between the modern physicist and the ancient natural philosophers, during a beautiful hot summer day, where the physicist takes a first glance at their rational views of ... More


History and Dialectic in Metaphysics A 3 History and Dialectic in Metaphysics A 3 Metaphysics A 3, 983a24–4b8

Rachel Barney

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses Metaphysics A.3, 983a24-4b8, in which Aristotle proposes to examine the first principles [archai] of his Presocratic predecessors in terms of his own theory of the four causes ... More


Anaxagoras

David Sedley

in Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253643
eISBN:
9780520934368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253643.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The earliest western philosophers were the bright original Greek thinkers traditionally known as the Presocratics—a line-up which included such heterogeneous figures as Thales, Anaximander, ... More


Hell and Black Smokers

David Rickard

in Pyrite: A Natural History of Fool's Gold

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190203672
eISBN:
9780197559482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190203672.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Mineralogy and Gems

Most of the important metal ores in medieval and ancient times were pyrite-rich sulfides. These pyrite-rich ores were a major source of a suite of valuable commodities ... More


The Quest for a Theory of Everything

Demetris Nicolaides

in In Search of a Theory of Everything: The Philosophy Behind Physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190098353
eISBN:
9780190098384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098353.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Thales’s question, What are things made of?, is still the most difficult in physics. He reasoned that despite the apparent diversity and complexity in nature, all things are made from the same stuff ... More


Thales, Father of Philosophy?

Maria Michela Sassi

in The Beginnings of Philosophy in Greece

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691180502
eISBN:
9781400889761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180502.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines whether Thales is indeed the “father of philosophy” as declared by Aristotle. It first considers the theories of two interpreters, Francis MacDonald Cornford and Walter Burkert, ... More


Looking for Science

Daniel W. Graham

in Science before Socrates: Parmenides, Anaxagoras, and the New Astronomy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199959785
eISBN:
9780199346035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959785.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Early Greek thinkers progressed from mythological explanations to philosophical and quasi-scientific ones. Scholars agree that the Presocratic philosophers sought for scientific explanations of ... More


Azure Pastures: An Early Ionian Model

Daniel W. Graham

in Science before Socrates: Parmenides, Anaxagoras, and the New Astronomy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199959785
eISBN:
9780199346035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199959785.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The mythographer Hesiod presented a picture of the world in which divine beings, many identified with cosmological and astronomical bodies, beget each other in a theogony. Early Ionian theories ... More


Questions, Debates, and Frameworks

Daniel Deudney

in Dark Skies: Space Expansionism, Planetary Geopolitics, and the Ends of Humanity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190903343
eISBN:
9780190090241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190903343.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

No general assessment of space activities, actual and prospective, exists. Space thinking falls into three broad competing programs: military, habitat, and planetary security expansionisms. Habitat ... More


How Preplatonic Worlds Became Ensouled

André Laks

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 55

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198836339
eISBN:
9780191873607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836339.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This article shows how two basic meanings of psuchē—namely, ‘breath’ and ‘life’—may have helped Platonizing, or for that matter Stoicizing, doxographers in endowing various Preplatonic philosophers ... More


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