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Asceticism, Heresy, and Early Christian Tradition

David G. Hunter

in Marriage, Celibacy, and Heresy in Ancient Christianity: The Jovinianist Controversy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199279784
eISBN:
9780191707391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279784.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Jovinian's accusations against ascetic extremists had a precedent in earlier Christian tradition. Ascetic elitism was opposed by a number of early Christian writers, including 1 Clement, Ignatius, ... More


Impossible

Aviad Kleinberg

in The Sensual God: How the Senses Make the Almighty Senseless

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231174701
eISBN:
9780231540247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174701.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Where theologians try to convince us why believing the unbelievable is actually good for us.


Mary in Childbirth

Jennifer A. Glancy

in Corporal Knowledge: Early Christian Bodies

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195328158
eISBN:
9780199777143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328158.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

Chapter 4 examines the earliest representations of Mary in childbirth in writings dating from the second and early third centuries, including Odes of Solomon, Ascension of Isaiah, Protevangelium of ... More


The Latin West

Edward A. Siecienski

in The Filioque: History of a Doctrinal Controversy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372045
eISBN:
9780199777297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Although a few important elements remain shrouded in mystery, the history of the filioque in the West is a relatively well documented phenomenon. Although there are a few scattered references to the ... More


Thecla of Iconium, Reconsidered

Ross Shepard Kraemer

in Unreliable Witnesses: Religion, Gender, and History in the Greco-Roman Mediterranean

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743186
eISBN:
9780199894680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743186.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter revisits the fictional story of Thecla of Iconium, a virgin who accepts Paul’s teachings of celibacy and asceticism and is ultimately authorized by Paul to “go forth and teach the word ... More


The Nature of Belief

Richard Swinburne

in Faith and Reason

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283927
eISBN:
9780191712524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283927.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Propositional belief is belief that some proposition is more probable than some alternative proposition (normally, its negation). Beliefs are involuntary responses to experiences of the world or ... More


“Father, Forgive Them”: The Place of the Perfect Prayer in the Construction of Christian Identity

Shelly Matthews

in Perfect Martyr: The Stoning of Stephen and the Construction of Christian Identity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195393323
eISBN:
9780199866618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393323.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter analyzes the dying forgiveness prayer of Stephen and the related prayer of the Lukan Jesus. By reading these prayers aside related bodies of literature including Maccabees and the Sermon ... More


Simplicity and the Problem of Contradiction: Ptolemy and the Legacy of Marcion

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 1 focuses on the role divine simplicity played in the debates surrounding Marcion of Sinope, the second‐century theologian who distinguished the God of the Old Testament from the God of the ... More


Neo‐Platonism and the Church Fathers

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Neoplatonism, under Plotinus, Proclus, Porphyry, and Iamblicus, developed and modified ideas about preexistence. Church Fathers were divided on the question of preexistence, but many were its ... More


The Christian God v. Passionate Pagan Deities:Impassibility as an Apophatic Qualifier of Divine Emotions

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

in The Suffering of the Impassible God: The Dialectics of Patristic Thought

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199269822
eISBN:
9780191601569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269823.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The author shows that by calling the Christian God impassible the Fathers sought to distance God the creator from the gods of mythology. At the same time the Fathers viewed divine impassibility as ... More


Docetism Resisted: Christ's Suffering is Real

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

in The Suffering of the Impassible God: The Dialectics of Patristic Thought

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199269822
eISBN:
9780191601569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269823.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The christological hymns and creedal statements of the first three centuries are characterized by a tension between Christ’s divine status and his subjection to human suffering. The Docetic attempt ... More


Patripassian Controversy Resolved: The Son, not God the Father, Suffered in the Incarnation

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

in The Suffering of the Impassible God: The Dialectics of Patristic Thought

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199269822
eISBN:
9780191601569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269823.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The author shows that of all theologians charged with Patripassianism or Sabellianism, only Noetus held strict Patripassianism, i.e. the claim that the Father was identical with the Son and suffered ... More


Bilingualism and Biculturalism in Antonine Rome *: Apuleius, Fronto, and Gellius

Simon Swain

in The Worlds of Aulus Gellius

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199264827
eISBN:
9780191718403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264827.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Having considered the Romans' relationship with Greek culture from Cicero by way of the Elder Seneca, Quintilian, the Younger Pliny, and Suetonius down to Apuleius, in particular, the implications of ... More


Tertullian, Minucius Felix

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The polemical writings of Tertullian, a product of the educated classes of Carthage penetrated by Christianity in the late second century, attacked both polytheism and fellow Christians with whom he ... More


Perpetua's Prayer for Dinocrates

Jeffrey A. Trumbower

in Rescue for the Dead: The Posthumous Salvation of Non-Christians in Early Christianity

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140996
eISBN:
9780199834747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140990.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Examines posthumous salvation in a text called The Passion of Perpetua and Felicitas. The text purports to contain diaries of the North African martyrs, Perpetua and Saturus, while in prison before ... More


John among the Orthodox, c. ad 170–200

Charles E. Hill

in The Johannine Corpus in the Early Church

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199264582
eISBN:
9780191602085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264589.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

As the period c. 170–200 is acknowledged by the proponents of the OJP to be the time in which the Fourth Gospel was quickly gaining acceptance among the orthodox (except in Rome), our study of the ... More


Theological Trajectories In the Early Fourth Century: II

Lewis Ayres

in Nicaea and its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780198755067
eISBN:
9780191602788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198755066.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Initially discusses two more theological trajectories. The first is that of Marcellus of Ancyra. Discusses the possible relations of Marcellus to ‘Monarchianism’ and to Eustathius of Antioch. The ... More


A Brief History of the Metaphysics of Matter

Stephen H. Webb

in Jesus Christ, Eternal God: Heavenly Flesh and the Metaphysics of Matter

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827954
eISBN:
9780199919468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827954.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The Pre-Socratic philosophers turned to matter to explain the origin of all things, while Socrates turned to the nature of the good, but Plato's description of matter in the Timaeus had a tremendous ... More


Imagine No Religion: How Modern Abstractions Hide Ancient Realities

Carlin A. Barton and Daniel Boyarin

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780823271191
eISBN:
9780823271245
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823271191.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

There are two lines of argument in the book. The first, supported by some current and previous scholarship, develops the idea that ancient Hellenic and Roman cultures did not have and would not have ... More


Speaking Parts: Diderot and Les Bijoux indiscrets

Steven Connor

in Dumbstruck: A Cultural History of Ventriloquism

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184331
eISBN:
9780191674204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184331.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter offers, as a kind of afterthought, a reference to Tertullian’s account of genital speech. The reference here is to Denis Diderot’s Les Bijoux indiscrets of 1748. It tells the story of ... More


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