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Digital Taylorism

Phillip Brown, Hugh Lauder, and David Ashton

in The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199731688
eISBN:
9780199944125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731688.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter introduces Frederick Winslow Taylor's system of scientific management, which was achieved through the application of knowledge to work. It shows that there has been an information ... More


Good Money in Good English

Edwin L. Battistella

in Do You Make These Mistakes in English?: The Story of Sherwin Cody's Famous Language School

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367126
eISBN:
9780199867356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367126.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter covers Cody's career as a business writer and teacher, his first forays into the publishing business, and his emergence as a critic of traditional education. We follow the trajectory ... More


Building Quality in the Healthcare Environment

Donald M. Berwick

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The quality of care issues in healthcare has long been recognized and publicized in studies done by the Institute of Medicine and other organizations. This chapter explores the relationship between ... More


The Allure of Order: Rationalizing Schools from the Progressives to the Present

Jal Mehta

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199942060
eISBN:
9780197563281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199942060.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Schools Studies

In late 2001, three months after the September 11 attacks, the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) passed both House and Senate with strong bipartisan majorities and was ... More


You Can Tell by the Way I Use My Walk: Music as Aid to Work and Critique of Taylorism

Marek Korczynski

in Songs of the Factory: Pop Music, Culture, and Resistance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451546
eISBN:
9780801454813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451546.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter focuses on how music was important for workers in terms of how they moved their bodies as they engaged in the labor process. Music afforded them the opportunity to enact the movements of ... More


Taylorism Invades the Hen House

Kathleen C. Schwartzman

in The Chicken Trail: Following Workers, Migrants, and Corporations across the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451164
eISBN:
9780801468056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451164.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter challenges the notions that ethnic succession was driven by “vacancy” and “shortage” and explains why both explanations are incomplete. It argues that such explanations do not address ... More


Sex in the Age of Fordism: The Standardization of Sexual Objects

Benjamin Kahan

in The Book of Minor Perverts: Sexology, Etiology, and the Emergences of Sexuality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226607818
eISBN:
9780226608006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608006.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter explores industrialization as an etiology of sexuality, charting how the compartmentalization of sexuality develops around sexual object choice. Taking a hint from scholars like John ... More


The Feeding Machine and Feeding the Machine: Silence, Sound and the Technologies of Cinema

Ryan Bishop

in Comedy and Cultural Critique in American Film

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748643073
eISBN:
9780748689071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643073.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines cinema’s engagement with ubran-based industrialization, linking its audience and their modes of mechanized production to those that made cinema possible and does so by using ... More


Scientific Management, Racist Science, and Race Management

Elizabeth Esch and David Roediger

in Against Labor: How U.S. Employers Organized to Defeat Union Activism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040818
eISBN:
9780252099311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040818.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

Elizabeth Esch and David Roediger highlight the ways employers and their allies used racism to divide the working classes in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Such racist practices ... More


Biotechnical Agnosticism: Fragmented Life and Labor among the Machines

Sophia Roosth

in Synthetic: How Life Got Made

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226440323
eISBN:
9780226440637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226440637.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 4, “Biotechnical Agnosticism,” enters the lab of a Boston start-up company that built what members term a biological “assembly line” following the principles of Taylorism, the ... More


Conformity and Idiosyncrasy: Jean Rhys

Vike Martina Plock

in Modernism, Fashion and Interwar Women Writers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474427418
eISBN:
9781474434607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474427418.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

By looking at Jean Rhys’s ‘Left Bank’ fiction (Quartet, After Leaving Mr Mackenzie, Good Morning, Midnight, ‘Illusion’, ‘Mannequin’), this chapter investigates how new operational procedures such as ... More


Work Study and the Industrial Worker in Post-war Britain and the West

J.P.S. Uberoi

Khalid Tyabji (ed.)

in Mind and Society: From Indian Studies to General Sociology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780199495986
eISBN:
9780199099825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199495986.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This is an introduction to the sociology of work, to human work, worship and play viewed as separate and autonomous spheres of life; the scientific or experimental study of work in the factory; ... More


The pragmatist influence on managerial ideas and practices: The strange history of lean management

Philippe Lorino

in Pragmatism and Organization Studies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198753216
eISBN:
9780191814860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198753216.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

A key idea of pragmatism is the inseparability of theory and practice, thought and action. Pragmatism is said to have had few contacts with the organizational world, and few direct practical ... More


Rationalizing Healthcare: Scientific-Bureaucratic Medicine

Robert L. Wears and Kathleen M. Sutcliffe

in Still Not Safe: Patient Safety and the Middle-Managing of American Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190271268
eISBN:
9780190271299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190271268.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Healthcare changed dramatically during the 20th century; industrialization lead to contention for control over medical work and there was a shift from autonomous, professional control to managerial, ... More


The Usability Challenge

Paul S. Adler and Terry Winograd

in Usability: Turning Technologies into Tools

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195075106
eISBN:
9780197560303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195075106.003.0004
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

All too often, new technologies are introduced into the workplace without sufficient planning for their implications for the workforce. To the extent that businesses do plan for these implications, ... More


“The Ugly Duckling”: The Refinement of Ragtime Dancing and the Mass Marketing of Modern Social Dance

Danielle Robinson

in Modern Moves: Dancing Race during the Ragtime and Jazz Eras

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199779215
eISBN:
9780199379866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199779215.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Dance, Ethnomusicology, World Music

The focus of chapter three is the transformation of ragtime dancing into modern dance by social dance professionals, some of whom were immigrants or the children of immigrants. Dance teachers, ... More


Technoculture and the Future of Work

Stanley Aronowitz and William DiFazio

in The Jobless Future: Second Edition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816674510
eISBN:
9781452947594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816674510.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter begins by describing the intense competition between the United States and Germany for the development of radar and atomic weapon. German and Austrian refugee scientists, such as Albert ... More


Scores of Movement: Lev Kuleshov’s Approach to Film Acting

Ana Hedberg Olenina

in Psychomotor Aesthetics: Movement and Affect in Modern Literature and Film

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190051259
eISBN:
9780190051297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051259.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Chapter 3 examines the approaches to film actor training developed by the Soviet avant-garde filmmaker Lev Kuleshov in the early 1920s. Inspired by the radical innovations of contemporary theater, ... More


The Persistence of [a] Vision: The Electronically Mediated Corporation: Prehistory

Kit Hughes

in Television at Work: Industrial Media and American Labor

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190855789
eISBN:
9780190855826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190855789.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Forgoing an examination of the media industries, Chapter 1 focuses instead on the rise of what one might call the mediated industries. A prehistory of television at work, this chapter traces an ... More


Gilbreth, Inc.: Selling Film to Corporations

Florian Hoof

in Angels of Efficiency: A Media History of Consulting

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190886363
eISBN:
9780190886400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886363.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Chapter 3 focuses on the emergence of the consulting industry and discusses early visual consulting models. It describes them as intrinsic parts of marketing efforts undertaken by consulting ... More


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