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Welfare-to-Work: Which Policies Work and Why?: KEYNES LECTURE IN ECONOMICS

RICHARD BLUNDELL

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 117: 2001 Lectures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262795
eISBN:
9780191753954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262795.003.0015
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter considers the arguments behind the expansion in welfare-to-work programmes that occurred over the last decade, and reviews the effectiveness of alternative approaches to enhancing ... More


Low Wages Need Not Mean Low Incomes

Lane Kenworthy, Jessica Epstein, and Daniel Duerr

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Low-wage jobs are a prominent feature of the U.S. economy. To the surprise of many observers, the same can now be said of Germany. Changes in economic pressures, institutions, and policies make it ... More


The Earned Income Tax Credit

Austin Nichols and Jesse Rothstein

in Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, Volume I

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226370477
eISBN:
9780226370507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226370507.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

We review research on the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), focusing on work appearing since the Hotz and Scholz (2003) review. Recent work has confirmed earlier findings that labor supply effects are ... More


The Impact of Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education Expenses

Bridget Terry Long

in College Choices: The Economics of Where to Go, When to Go, and How to Pay for It

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226355351
eISBN:
9780226355375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226355375.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

This chapter examines the distribution and impact of the Hope Learning Credit (HLC) and Lifetime Learning Tax Credit (LLTC) on taxpayers, students, and institutions. By reviewing the literature and ... More


Tax Policy toward Low-Income Families

Hilary Hoynes and Jesse Rothstein

in The Economics of Tax Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190619725
eISBN:
9780190619756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190619725.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 7 reviews the most prominent provision of the federal income tax code that targets low-income tax filers, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), as well as the structurally similar Child Tax ... More


Introducing Universal Credit

Paul Spicker

in Social Policy Review 25: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2013

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447312741
eISBN:
9781447312857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447312741.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

In Chapter One, author Paul Spicker interrogates the government's introduction of Universal Credit, a controversial scheme designed to unify various means-tested benefits for people of working age. ... More


Has “In-Work” Benefit Reform Helped the Labor Market?

Richard Blundell and Hilary Hoynes (eds)

in Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226092843
eISBN:
9780226092904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092904.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Welfare policy toward low-income families in the United Kingdom experienced a significant shift toward “in-work” benefits in the late 1980s and 1990s. Although a work requirement for some forms of ... More


The United Kingdom: The Children’s Budget

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 5 examines how in the UK the Blair government’s promise to end child poverty translated into the introduction of the Working Families Tax Credit in 1998, which was subsequently split into the ... More


How did we get to where we are now?1

Malcolm Torry

in Why we need a Citizen's Basic Income

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447343158
eISBN:
9781447343202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343158.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses the past and current state of the debate on the Citizen's Basic Income. It begins with the Poor Law of 1601 to the era of means-tested benefits. In particular, it cites William ... More


The Earned Income Tax Credit as an anti-poverty programme: palliative or cure?

Phyllis Jeroslow

in Social Policy Review 25: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2013

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447312741
eISBN:
9781447312857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447312741.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

One of the questions raised by the competition state thesis is what the consequences are for citizens of governments who are shifting social policies closer towards the needs of employers and the ... More


New Labour’s Tax Credits, 1997–2010

Peter Sloman

in Transfer State: The Idea of a Guaranteed Income and the Politics of Redistribution in Modern Britain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198813262
eISBN:
9780191851254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813262.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The thirteen years of Labour government between 1997 and 2010 may come to be seen by future historians as the zenith of the British transfer state, when—in contrast to other western countries—the ... More


Work Incentives and ‘In‐Work’ Benefit Reforms: A Review

Richard Blundell, Mike Brewer, and Marco Francesconi

in Labor Supply and Taxation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198749806
eISBN:
9780191814082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749806.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter considers some of the issues surrounding the effectiveness of in-work benefit reforms, which are designed to reduce poverty and promote employment among low-income families. It argues ... More


Revising Government Tax Policies

Robert Cherry and Robert Lerman

in Moving Working Families Forward: Third Way Policies That Can Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814717189
eISBN:
9780814769904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814717189.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines ways to improve economic well-being and tax policies targeted to working families, particularly the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and child care tax policies. The EITC is ... More


New Issues, Unresolved Questions, and the Widening Debate

Edward G. Goetz

in The One-Way Street of Integration: Fair Housing and the Pursuit of Racial Justice in American Cities

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501707599
eISBN:
9781501716706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707599.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines the contemporary history of the policy debate between integration and community development. The chapter describes how the debate has been expanded to new policy arenas, ... More


Earned Income Tax Credit Policies: Impact and Optimality

Richard Blundell

in Labor Supply and Taxation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198749806
eISBN:
9780191814082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749806.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter addresses policies directed towards low labour market attachment and low wages among certain groups of parents with children. It aims to evaluate the impact and the optimality of Earned ... More


Innovative Finance in Communities Across the United States

Georgia Levenson Keohane

in Capital and the Common Good: How Innovative Finance is Tackling the World's Most Urgent Problems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178020
eISBN:
9780231541664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178020.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

examine whether some of the place-based investment strategies, like the Community Reinvestment Act and the Low Income Housing Tax Credit—which have unlocked billions of dollars in private capital for ... More


Case study A: In-work benefits for low wage earners

Penny Leonard

in Promoting welfare?: Government information policy and social citizenship

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344885
eISBN:
9781447303091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344885.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter presents a case study that analyses government policies to provide information on social security benefits that are designed to supplement low wages. This is either for those who are ... More


The United States: Tax Relief for Families

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 6 looks at how the National Commission on Children brought attention to the problem of child poverty in the US, leading to the expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit in 1993 and the ... More


The Labor Market Impact of the Working Families’ Tax Credit

Richard Blundell, Alan Duncan, Julian McCrae, and Costas Meghir

in Labor Supply and Taxation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198749806
eISBN:
9780191814082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749806.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter analyses the impact of the Working Families Tax Credit (WFTC) on working hours and employment. In 1998, the UK Chancellor, Gordon Brown introduced the Working Families Tax Credit (WFTC) ... More


Bush and Beyond: On Solving and not Solving Poverty

Frank Stricker

in Why America Lost the War on Poverty—and How to Win it

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807831113
eISBN:
9781469603575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882290_stricker.15
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the government policy on poverty and unemployment during the administration of George W. Bush. It shows that private markets and a policy that favored the affluent were ... More


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