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The Tanzimat Era and the Republicanism of the Young Ottomans

Banu Turnaoğlu

in The Formation of Turkish Republicanism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172743
eISBN:
9781400885220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172743.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter demonstrates how during the Tanzimat era, the emphasis of reforms was on the modernization and Westernization of the Ottoman administrative system, and the fostering of full ... More


The Faces of Reform

in The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520218451
eISBN:
9780520922792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520218451.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter illustrates how conflicting notions of reform, in an era of Eastern Question politics, undermined the traditional order. It explores the erosion of prereform, nonsectarian politics of ... More


The Return of the Juhhal

in The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520218451
eISBN:
9780520922792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520218451.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter tells the story of the most sustained popular mobilization in nineteenth-century Mount Lebanon, recognizing from the outset that it is implicated in another tale of the unfolding of the ... More


Jewish-Muslim Relations in Libya

Rachel Simon

in The Divergence of Judaism and Islam: Interdependence, Modernity, and Political Turmoil

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037516
eISBN:
9780813042107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037516.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The tumultuous atmosphere clouding Muslim–Jewish coexistence in Libya was especially pronounced during Italian colonization (1911–43), during the British Military Administration (1943–52), and in ... More


Containing Balkan Nationalism: Imperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856–1914

Denis Vovchenko

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190276676
eISBN:
9780190276690
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190276676.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The book focuses on the implications of the Bulgarian national movement that developed in the context of Ottoman modernization (Tanzimat) and of European imperialism in the Near East (the Eastern ... More


Ruler Visibility and Popular Belonging in the Ottoman Empire, 1808-1908

Darin Stephanov

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474441414
eISBN:
9781474460255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441414.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

‘What do we really speak of when we speak of the modern ethno-national mindset and where shall we search for its roots?’ This is the central question of a book arguing that the periodic ceremonial ... More


The Land Regime of the Late Ottoman Period

Alexandre Kedar, Ahmad Amara, and Oren Yiftachel

in Emptied Lands: A Legal Geography of Bedouin Rights in the Negev

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781503603585
eISBN:
9781503604582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503603585.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter begins to set the historical background for the book by outlining in detail the state of affairs in the Negev during the last period of Ottomans rule in the late nineteenth and early ... More


Becoming Ottomans: Sephardi Jews and Imperial Citizenship in the Modern Era

Julia Phillips Cohen

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199340408
eISBN:
9780199388882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199340408.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History, History of Religion

Becoming Ottomans is the first book to tell the story of Jewish political integration into a modern Islamic empire. It begins with the process set in motion by the imperial state reforms ... More


Introduction: Becoming a Model Millet

Julia Phillips Cohen

in Becoming Ottomans: Sephardi Jews and Imperial Citizenship in the Modern Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199340408
eISBN:
9780199388882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199340408.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History, History of Religion

Starting in the mid-nineteenth century, Ottoman Jewish communal leaders began to employ a narrative of continuous Jewish “special relations” with their empire in order to catapult their community out ... More


Imperial Reform and Internal Colonization: ‘Alawi Society in the Face of Modernity (1808–1888)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter highlights major trends in Ottoman and Syrian history affecting the ʻAlawi community in the nineteenth century. It begins by showing that the ʻAlawi notability increasingly came into ... More


Introduction: Rethinking Territorial Egypt

Matthew H. Ellis

in Desert Borderland: The Making of Modern Egypt and Libya

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781503605008
eISBN:
9781503605572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605008.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The Introduction lays out the book’s central argument about territoriality. I argue that Egypt constitutes an important case study given that it assumed more territorial definition as a modern ... More


The Limits of Ottoman Sovereignty in the Eastern Sahara

Matthew H. Ellis

in Desert Borderland: The Making of Modern Egypt and Libya

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781503605008
eISBN:
9781503605572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503605008.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter documents the emergence of the Eastern Sahara as a contested borderland zone, marked by a nascent political rivalry between the Ottoman state and the “autonomous province” of Egypt. The ... More


The Decline and Disappearance of the Singing Turk: Ottoman Reform, the Eastern Question, and the European Operatic Repertory

Larry Wolff

in The Singing Turk: Ottoman Power and Operatic Emotions on the European Stage from the Siege of Vienna to the Age of Napoleon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795777
eISBN:
9780804799652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795777.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers European opera after Rossini and the waning presence of Turkish figures and themes in nineteenth-century opera. Ottoman reform under Mahmud II and Abdülmecid I (including the ... More


Speakers, Institutions, Discourses of Science in a New Regime

M. Alper Yalçinkaya

in Learned Patriots: Debating Science, State, and Society in the Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226184203
eISBN:
9780226184340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226184340.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the period following the Tanzimat Decree of 1839 in which new bureaucrats acquired significant power. It discusses with examples the life styles and dispositions of the ... More


Consolidation of the Discourse: Science, State, and Virtue in the 1860s

M. Alper Yalçinkaya

in Learned Patriots: Debating Science, State, and Society in the Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226184203
eISBN:
9780226184340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226184340.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the 1860s – a particularly significant decade that witnessed the first attempt to establish the Ottoman University, and the birth of the first successful periodical in Ottoman ... More


An Analytical Overview of the Foundation of Darülfünun

Ekmeleddİn İhsanoğlu

in The House of Sciences: The First Modern University in the Muslim World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190051556
eISBN:
9780190051587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051556.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

In this Epilogue the history of the Darülfünun is analytically discussed from the Ottoman modernization point of view started by Tanzimat reforms and as a pinnacal element of its public education ... More


The Western Discovery of the Kızılbas¸-Alevis

Markus Dressler

in Writing Religion: The Making of Turkish Alevi Islam

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199969401
eISBN:
9780199346103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969401.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter discusses the encounter of the Kızılbaş with Western observers, who lived and travelled in Anatolia since the second half of the 19th century. Speculations about the origins of the ... More


Revolution

Ryan Gingeras

in Fall of the Sultanate: The Great War and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1908–1922

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199676071
eISBN:
9780191755576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676071.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter provides a survey of the crises and societal factors that led to the ascendency of the so-called Young Turks, the empire’s last governing elite. It explores the complex background of the ... More


‘If I forget thee, O Jerusalem’: Religion, International Law, and Jerusalem

Reut Yael Paz

in International Law and Religion: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198805878
eISBN:
9780191843778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805878.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

The holiness of Jerusalem—the house of the one God—is central to the three monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and, because of this, also to global politics and international ... More


Sovereignty, Governance, and Political Community in the Ottoman Empire and North Africa

James McDougall

in Re-Imagining Democracy in the Mediterranean, 1780-1860

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198798163
eISBN:
9780191839382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798163.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

Early modern Ottoman and European political cultures had more in common than is conventionally admitted. It was the dissolution of their shared world that produced accounts of the rise of democracy ... More


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