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The Missing Martyrs: Why There Are So Few Muslim Terrorists

Charles Kurzman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199766871
eISBN:
9780199897414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766871.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Why are there so few Muslim terrorists? With more than a billion Muslims in the world—many of whom supposedly hate the West and ardently desire martyrdom—why don't we see terrorist attacks every day? ... More


 Qibla of the World

Shafique N. Virani

in The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, a Search for Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195311730
eISBN:
9780199785490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311730.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Ismaili Imams moved from the South Caspian regions to the relative safety of Anjudan, a village near the age-old Shi'i strongholds of Qumm and Kashan. The first Imam for whose connection to the ... More


Conclusion: Humanitarian Intervention after 11 September

Jennifer M. Welsh

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter assesses the debate over humanitarian intervention in the light of the events of September 11, 2001. On the one hand, it can be argued that 9/11 has reversed the momentum ... More


Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History

Thomas Barfield

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145686
eISBN:
9781400834532
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145686.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This book traces the historic struggles and the changing nature of political authority in this volatile region of the world—Afghanistan—from the Mughal Empire in the sixteenth century to the Taliban ... More


The Contemporary Market

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter characterizes the contemporary heroin market in terms of its major producers, traffickers, and consumers. It presents an overview of the contemporary world opiate market and ... More


Did the Taliban’s Ban Really Matter?

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter explores the dynamics of the heroin market, as evident in its response to the Taliban opium cutback. It discusses the observed changes in the price and purity of opiates throughout the ... More


Keeping Track of Opiate Flows

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter presents a comprehensive model of the world opiate market and charts the immediate after-effects of the Taliban ban, using data from the United Nations and other public sources. It ... More


Modern Irregular Warfare: Afghanistan and Iraq

James D. Kiras

in The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608638
eISBN:
9780191731754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608638.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 12 explores the nature and character of strategy in two conflicts: Afghanistan (2001–present) and Iraq (2003–present). Treatments of contemporary wars often centre on particular policy ... More


The Supervisory System of Confucian Constitutionalism: Reflections on the Supervision of the State by the Academy

Jiang Qing

in A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China's Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154602
eISBN:
9781400844845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154602.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter proposes another institution—the Academy—that is meant to further restrain the power of parliamentarians. In Western constitutionalism, power is limited by means of rights. In Confucian ... More


UN‐led reconstruction following US‐led military intervention: Afghanistan

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

Following US-led military intervention and regime change, Afghanistan's reconstruction, unlike Iraq's, was largely UN-led. The new government made executive decisions but was highly aid-dependent. By ... More


Afghanistan

Paul Marshall and Nina Shea

in Silenced: How Apostasy and Blasphemy Codes are Choking Freedom Worldwide

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812264
eISBN:
9780199919383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812264.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Afghanistan's 2004 constitution, drafted with the financial support and legal guidance of the United States and the United Nations, contains a clause asserting that no law can contradict Islam – a ... More


Islam in Pakistan: A History

Muhammed Qasim Zaman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691149226
eISBN:
9781400889747
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149226.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The first modern state to be founded in the name of Islam, Pakistan was the largest Muslim country in the world at the time of its establishment in 1947. Today it is the second-most populous, after ... More


Helping a Friend in Afghanistan

Nigel D. White

in Democracy goes to War: British Military Deployments under International Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199218592
eISBN:
9780191705595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218592.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

The war on terrorism, starting in earnest with the military action in Afghanistan October 2001, involved British troops acting alongside the United States against al-Qaeda and the Taliban on the ... More


Thoroughly Modern Mujahidin

Charles Kurzman

in The Missing Martyrs: Why There Are So Few Muslim Terrorists

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199766871
eISBN:
9780199897414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766871.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Outsiders often confuse al-Qaida with the Taliban, but these two organizations represent distinct revolutionary movements that are often at odds with each other, despite similarities in their Islamic ... More


The Dependence of Policy Outcomes on Processes of Choice

Philip B. Heymann

in Living the Policy Process

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335385
eISBN:
9780199851690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335385.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The case of defining torture in the “War on Terror”, the political processes chosen, and the people chosen to carry them out, produces results that nobody wants while targeting outcomes that only a ... More


The Legitimacy of Invading Religious Regimes

Mark Juergensmeyer

in Legality and Legitimacy in Global Affairs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199781577
eISBN:
9780199932887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781577.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Can the control of a government by religious extremists be a legitimate, if not legal, reason for an international military intervention in a country? This is one of the key issues behind the US ... More


Self-Defense, Resistance, and Suicide: The Taliban Women

F. M. Kamm

in The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199897520
eISBN:
9780199950249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897520.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses what may be permissibly done to resist oppression by people (Taliban women) whose lives are drastically limited on pain of death for opposition. It considers what third parties ... More


The Taliban’s Use of the Internet, Social Media Video, Radio Stations, and Graffiti

Thomas H. Johnson, Matthew DuPee, and Wali Shaaker

in Taliban Narratives: The Use and Power of Stories in the Afghanistan Conflict

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190840600
eISBN:
9780190943158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190840600.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter focuses on a variety of Taliban IO delivery systems some of which have not had scholarly assessments. The Taliban have had a major presence on the internet since their development of ... More


The Layeha, the Taliban Code of Conduct1

Thomas H. Johnson, Matthew DuPee, and Wali Shaaker

in Taliban Narratives: The Use and Power of Stories in the Afghanistan Conflict

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190840600
eISBN:
9780190943158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190840600.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines and compares a variety of Taliban’s Layeha or “codes of conduct. While these codes of conduct present explicit procedures as well as rules and regulations that Taliban ... More


Al-Qaʻida

Sayed Khatab

in Understanding Islamic Fundamentalism: The Theological and Ideological Basis of al-Qa'ida's Political Tactics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9789774164996
eISBN:
9781617971075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774164996.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter investigates the war in Afghanistan, the establishment of al-Qa'ida, the transformation of Usama bin Laden from an exclusively Afghan-based jihadist to an al-Qa'ida neo-jihadist, the ... More


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