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The Creation of the Sacred Text

Lawrence A. Scaff

in Max Weber in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147796
eISBN:
9781400836710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147796.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter discusses the politics and sociology underlying the translation of Max Weber's The Protestant Ethic and the “Spirit” of Capitalism (PESC). Published in 1930 with Talcott Parsons as the ... More


The Invention of the Theory

Lawrence A. Scaff

in Max Weber in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147796
eISBN:
9781400836710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147796.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter examines how Max Weber's work has been recast as canonical for the social sciences and central to its current agendas. It first considers the substantial body of translations that became ... More


A View from Europe

Colin Crouch (ed.)

in British Sociology Seen from Without and Within

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263426
eISBN:
9780191734298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263426.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The history of sociology can be likened to the history of the Habsburg Empire, which claimed to have legitimate sovereignty over the whole of Europe but eventually became a discontented jumble of ... More


Deontic Constraint

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a summary of the classical sociological solution to the problem of order advanced by Talcott Parsons. The central flaw in the solution is simply that it lacks deliberative ... More


Ratification

David Harrington Watt

in Antifundamentalism in Modern America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780801448270
eISBN:
9781501708541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448270.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines three texts of the 1930s and 1940s that built upon and went beyond the polemics of the 1920s. The first, H. Richard Niebuhr's “Fundamentalism,” appeared in a highly respected ... More


Basic Concepts in Habermas's Theory of Communicative Action

in Habermas: The Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804769129
eISBN:
9780804777810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804769129.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

In his Theory of Communicative Action, Jürgen Habermas proposes a theory of “communicative action” and sets it within a concept of society he calls “lifeworld.” In both his Theory of Communicative ... More


Technology in the Social Sciences before World War II

Eric Schatzberg

in Technology: Critical History of a Concept

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583839
eISBN:
9780226584027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226584027.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

From the turn of the twentieth century until World War II, the concept of technology gradually diffused throughout the social sciences. This diffusion did not, however, lead to a cohesive ... More


Introduction

Lawrence A. Scaff

in Max Weber in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147796
eISBN:
9781400836710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147796.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This book is about Max Weber's 1904 journey to the United States—what he and his wife Marianne did, who they met, and what they saw and thought during their stay there. It shows that Weber's American ... More


The Return of Culture?

Christian Smith

in Moral, Believing Animals: Human Personhood and Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162028
eISBN:
9780199849673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162028.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter analyses a shift in contemporary American sociology to the study of culture and cultural analysis. This shift or return of culture in sociology represents something of an intellectual ... More


Reductionism, Holism, and Consumerism: The Patient in Contemporary Medicine

Robert Dingwall

in To Fix or to Heal: Patient Care, Public Health, and the Limits of Biomedicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479878246
eISBN:
9781479884155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479878246.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines the historical shift from the welfarist provision of health care by collective action to a consumerist form of provision that treats health care as a matter of individual ... More


The Precariousness of Existence

Gareth Dale

in Karl Polanyi: A Life on the Left

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231176088
eISBN:
9780231541480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176088.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

In which Polanyi contracts a terminal illness but continues to live an active life, finding inspiration in the Hungarian revolution of 1956, engaging in political conflict with Michael Polanyi, ... More


 A Bouquet of Scientific Values

Noretta Koertge

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews the attempts of sociologists of science such as Parsons and Merton, and philosophers of science such as Kuhn, Lakatos, and Popper, to characterize the norms that guide the ... More


The Secular Pilgrimage of Orthodoxy in America

Vigen Guroian

in Fundamentalism or Tradition: Christianity after Secularism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780823285792
eISBN:
9780823288755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823285792.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

With the notable exception of the Russian mission in Alaska, for the most part the Orthodox Church did not come to America as mission but followed its people’s departure from the homeland, often ... More


The ‘Perverse Homosexual’ in International Relations: The ‘Underdeveloped’ and the ‘Undevelopable’

Cynthia Weber

in Queer International Relations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199795857
eISBN:
9780190462055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795857.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Chapter 3 traces how heteronormativities figure the ‘homosexual’ as perverse in domestic and international discourses of development and underdevelopment, arguing that figurations of the ... More


“The Situation” in the Cold War Behavioral Sciences

Paul Erickson, Judy L. Klein, Lorraine Daston, Paul Rebecca, Thomas Sturm, and Michael D. Gordin

in How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226046631
eISBN:
9780226046778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226046778.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Cold War social scientists frequently adopted special experimental situations where they could scientifically model and code many aspects of human behavior, aiming to unravel the mysteries and smooth ... More


Professionalism Empirical and Moral1

Andrew Abbott

in Processual Sociology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226336596
eISBN:
9780226336763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226336763.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

The chapter first demonstrates that sociological students of professions typically disclaim any normative intentions, but in fact live professionalism on a daily basis – a contradiction I call ... More


Back to the Land, on to the Scene: How Scenes Drive Economic Development

Daniel Aaron Silver and Terry Nichols Clark

in Scenescapes: How Qualities of Place Shape Social Life

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226356853
eISBN:
9780226357041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226357041.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter shows how scenes are factors of production; they are key determinants of economic success or failure. The chapter comes in three major sections. The first, on historical concepts and ... More


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