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Buddhism and the Discourses of Modernity

David L. McMahan

in The Making of Buddhist Modernism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183276
eISBN:
9780199870882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183276.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Buddhism has created a place for itself in the modern ecology of ideas and practices by placing itself within and between three key discourses of modernity: those of scientific naturalism, ... More


The Science of Chinese Buddhism: Early Twentieth-Century Engagements

Erik Hammerstrom

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780231170345
eISBN:
9780231539586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170345.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Kexue, or science, captured the Chinese imagination in the early twentieth century, promising new knowledge about the world and a dynamic path to prosperity. Chinese Buddhists embraced scientific ... More


Spirituality in Modern Society

Peter van der Veer

in The Modern Spirit of Asia: The Spiritual and the Secular in China and India

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128146
eISBN:
9781400848553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128146.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter illustrates how in the nineteenth century the category of spirituality received a global modern meaning. It became part of an alternative modernity in different places around the globe. ... More


Ice and Fire

James Carter

in Heart of Buddha, Heart of China: The Life of Tanxu, a Twentieth-Century Monk

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195398854
eISBN:
9780199894413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398854.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Attracted by Tanxu’s work in Yingkou and other Manchurian cities, government leaders in Harbin invited Tanxu there to construct a Buddhist temple. The motivations were, as elsewhere, both religious ... More


Anarchy in the Pure Land: Reinventing the Cult of Maitreya in Modern Chinese Buddhism

Justin Ritzinger

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190491161
eISBN:
9780190491185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491161.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Anarchy in the Pure Land investigates the cult of Maitreya, the future Buddha, promoted by the Chinese Buddhist reform movement spearheaded by Taixu as an avenue through which to consider the ... More


Introduction

Erik J. Hammerstrom

in The Science of Chinese Buddhism: Early Twentieth-Century Engagements

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780231170345
eISBN:
9780231539586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170345.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter briefly explains some of the forces that drove Chinese Buddhists to engage with modern science in the early twentieth century. Buddhists’ efforts, and the book itself, are conceptually ... More


Introduction: How Do You Solve a Problem Like Maitreya?

Justin R. Ritzinger

in Anarchy in the Pure Land: Reinventing the Cult of Maitreya in Modern Chinese Buddhism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190491161
eISBN:
9780190491185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491161.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The introduction presents the anomaly at the heart of the study: namely, that the “reform faction” of modern Chinese Buddhism, which is generally portrayed as demythologized, promoted devotion to the ... More


Portrait of the Master as a Young Anarchist

Justin R. Ritzinger

in Anarchy in the Pure Land: Reinventing the Cult of Maitreya in Modern Chinese Buddhism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190491161
eISBN:
9780190491185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491161.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines Taixu’s youthful career as an anarchist, arguing that this was a more extended and important period of his life than has been commonly recognized. Framing him within the context ... More


Disorienting Frameworks

Justin R. Ritzinger

in Anarchy in the Pure Land: Reinventing the Cult of Maitreya in Modern Chinese Buddhism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190491161
eISBN:
9780190491185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491161.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter offers a close reading of Taixu’s anarchist essays. Published in the journals of the Chinese Socialist Party and the Socialist Party, these pieces were not included in the posthumously ... More


A New Cult for New Buddhists

Justin R. Ritzinger

in Anarchy in the Pure Land: Reinventing the Cult of Maitreya in Modern Chinese Buddhism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190491161
eISBN:
9780190491185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491161.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the development of the “Maitreya School” from the eve of its founding to its peak of activity in 1937. This occurred in two phases. In the first, the school was closely ... More


Bodhisattva of Progress

Justin R. Ritzinger

in Anarchy in the Pure Land: Reinventing the Cult of Maitreya in Modern Chinese Buddhism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190491161
eISBN:
9780190491185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491161.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter offers an analysis of Taixu’s Maitreyan theology through a close reading of his commentaries on the Three Essentials—the texts he identified as the cult’s foundation. These were the ... More


Future Interrupted

Justin R. Ritzinger

in Anarchy in the Pure Land: Reinventing the Cult of Maitreya in Modern Chinese Buddhism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190491161
eISBN:
9780190491185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491161.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the reasons for the decline of the Maitreya School. It suffered first from a series of unfortunate historical happenstances: the devastation of World War II, Taixu’s untimely ... More


Conclusion: Remembrances of Futures Past

Justin R. Ritzinger

in Anarchy in the Pure Land: Reinventing the Cult of Maitreya in Modern Chinese Buddhism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190491161
eISBN:
9780190491185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491161.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The conclusion summarizes the monograph’s findings, retracing the reimagining of the cult of Maitreya, its origins in Taixu’s encounter with anarchism, and its decline and subsequent revival. It then ... More


Taixu, Yogācāra, and the Buddhist Approach to Modernity

Scott Pacey

in Transforming Consciousness: Yogacara Thought in Modern China

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199358120
eISBN:
9780199358205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199358120.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism, Philosophy of Religion

Buddhist reformer and Republican-era intellectual Taixu太虛 (1890–1947) is one of the most important Chinese Buddhist monastics of the twentieth century. This chapter shows that Yogācāra played an ... More


Yogācāra and Science in the 1920s: The Wuchang School’s Approach to Modern Mind Science

Erik J. Hammerstrom

in Transforming Consciousness: Yogacara Thought in Modern China

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199358120
eISBN:
9780199358205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199358120.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter demonstrates that “modern mind science” (psychology) was a major topic to which Buddhist writers in the 1920s applied. The study focuses on the “Wuchang School”: the circle of students ... More


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