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Rights, Not Interests: Resolving Value Clashes under the National Labor Relations Act

James A. Gross

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501714252
eISBN:
9781501714276
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501714252.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This book makes four important contributions to our understanding of U.S. labor law and policy. First, given my previous three volume study of the work of the NLRB, this book is able to discuss the ... More


Organized Labor’s Incredible Shrinking Social Vision

Marie Gottschalk

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0031
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the role of organized labor in addressing health care and other inequities. It focuses on two institutions of the private welfare state: the Taft-Hartley funds and the Employee ... More


Rights Radicalism amid “Restrictive” Law: The War Years

Michael W. McCann and George I. Lovell

in Union by Law: Filipino American Labor Activists, Rights Radicalism, and Racial Capitalism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226679877
eISBN:
9780226680071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226680071.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter outlines the complex implications of World War II and the early Cold War for Filipino migrant workers. Against a backdrop of US wartime alliance with the Philippines against Japan, ... More


“The Health and Safety of the Nation”

William J. Mello

in New York Longshoremen: Class and Power on the Docks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034898
eISBN:
9780813038681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034898.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The strategy of elites and state authorities to respond to the mounting dock labor conflict was shaped in large part by a growing strike wave experienced in the United States during the 1950s. In ... More


The Justices of the Vinson Court, Douds, and the Start of the Court’s McCarthy Era: (October Term 1949)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1949 term. The Court convened for its new term on Monday, October 3, 1949. The beginnings of what would soon be a heavy ... More


Frankfurter’s Departure, a Near-Decision in Gibson, and the Era’s End: (October Term 1961)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1961 term. The number of decisions in “Communist” cases dropped sharply—only three signed decisions compared to fifteen in ... More


The Road to Taft-Hartley

Jennifer A. Delton

in The Industrialists: How the National Association of Manufacturers Shaped American Capitalism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691167862
eISBN:
9780691203324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167862.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter considers the National Association of Manufacturers' (NAM) most stunning achievement—the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947. Condemned by labor, liberals, and most historians, the Taft-Hartley Act ... More


Turning Labor Into Finance Capital

Michael A. McCarthy

in Dismantling Solidarity: Capitalist Politics and American Pensions since the New Deal

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780801454226
eISBN:
9781501708206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454226.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses how employers gained control over pension fund investment decisions and why, once private pension plans were established, they directed their assets into the stock market. The ... More


Beyond the Water’s Edge

Adam M. Howard

in Sewing the Fabric of Statehood: Garment Unions, American Labor, and the Establishment of the State of Israel

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780252041464
eISBN:
9780252050060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041464.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Conventional wisdom has posited that the 1948 presidential election was a critical element in President Truman’s decision to recognize Israel in May of that year. In that calculation, the presumption ... More


From Wagner to Taft-Hartley: From Rights to Interests

James A. Gross

in Rights, Not Interests: Resolving Value Clashes under the National Labor Relations Act

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501714252
eISBN:
9781501714276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501714252.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter explains how a workers’ rights law with values most consistent with human rights values was subordinated to pragmatic “give and take” and “balancing” of interests.


Epilogue

Jennifer Luff

in Commonsense Anticommunism: Labor and Civil Liberties between the World Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835418
eISBN:
9781469601717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869895_luff.15
Subject:
History, Economic History

This epilogue highlights the Taft-Hartley Act, which unionists in the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) called a “slave labor law.” By the spring ... More


Postwar Prospects in the U.S.

Isser Woloch

in The Postwar Moment: Progressive Forces in Britain, France, and the United States after World War II

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780300124354
eISBN:
9780300242683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124354.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the launching of progressive visions for the postwar in the U.S. As the CIO-PAC (CIO-Political Action Committee) produced a flurry of electoral activism, it also crystalized a ... More


The United States: Divided Government, Divided Nation

Isser Woloch

in The Postwar Moment: Progressive Forces in Britain, France, and the United States after World War II

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780300124354
eISBN:
9780300242683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124354.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks at the challenges faced by progressives in veterans organizations, the labor movement, national politics, and the 1948 presidential election in the U.S. The impact of domestic ... More


The Opening Salvo: Louis Jaffe, Taft-Hartley, and Minnie Gutride

Clarence Taylor

in Reds at the Blackboard: Communism, Civil Rights, and the New York City Teachers Union

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152693
eISBN:
9780231526487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152693.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the anti-Communist purge that targeted the New York City Teachers Union (TU) during the late 1940s, when the world had divided into two hostile camps: the Soviet Union and its ... More


The Vinson Court

Marjorie Heins

in Priests of Our Democracy: The Supreme Court, Academic Freedom, and the Anti-Communist Purge

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814790519
eISBN:
9780814744642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814790519.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter focuses on the Cold War-era Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice Fred Vinson. The early Vinson Court ruled in 1948 that the Constitution prohibits courts from enforcing racially ... More


6 The Vinson Court

Marjorie Heins

in Priests of Our Democracy: The Supreme Court, Academic Freedom, and the Anti-Communist Purge

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814790519
eISBN:
9780814744642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814790519.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter focuses on the Cold War-era Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice Fred Vinson. The early Vinson Court ruled in 1948 that the Constitution prohibits courts from enforcing racially ... More


Epilogue

Sharon McConnell-Sidorick

in Silk Stockings and Socialism: Philadelphia's Radical Hosiery Workers from the Jazz Age to the New Deal

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469632957
eISBN:
9781469632971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469632957.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

While the book is primarily concerned with the 1920s and 1930s and the road to the New Deal and the CIO, a short epilogue ties up some loose ends about the later years of the union and the community ... More


The Dilemma of the Narrow Door

Lane Windham

in Knocking on Labor's Door: Union Organizing in the 1970s and the Roots of a New Economic Divide

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469632070
eISBN:
9781469632094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469632070.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes how union organizing developed as the gateway through which workers had to enter before they could fully access the most secure tier of the nation’s employer-centered social ... More


Rights Delayed: The American State and the Defeat of Progressive Unions, 1935–1950

Charles Romney

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190250294
eISBN:
9780190250317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190250294.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Progressive unions flourished in the 1930s by working alongside federal agencies created during the New Deal. Yet in 1950, few progressive unions remained. Why? Most scholars point to domestic ... More


Fractionated Lives: Refineries and the Ecology of Entrepreneurial Life

Matthew T. Huber

in Lifeblood: Oil, Freedom, and the Forces of Capital

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677849
eISBN:
9781452947402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677849.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explores the fundamental sociotechnical and ecological role of refineries in fragmenting working class power within the realm of social reproduction. This realm focuses on reproduction ... More


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