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 Jewish Biblical Fundamentalism

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter asks why modern and haredi (ultra) Orthodox Jews affirm the outmoded traditional belief that the Torah (Pentateuch) was revealed by God to Moses at Sinai (TMS) and refuse to accept the ... More


Transcranial magnetic stimulation and the human brain: an ethical evaluation

Megan S. Steven and Alvaro Pascual-Leone

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a neuroscientific technique that induces an electric current in the brain via application of a localized magnetic field pulse. The pulse penetrates the ... More


A Short Guide to Brain Imaging: The Neuroscience of Human Cognition

Richard E. Passingham and James B. Rowe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198709138
eISBN:
9780191815270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709138.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The book was written with several groups in mind: these include not only those who are starting out in imaging, but also those who have already acquired some expertise. Though the book is called a ... More


Disturbances of visual attention

Claus Bundesen and Thomas Habekost

in Principles of Visual Attention:: Linking Mind and Brain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570707
eISBN:
9780191693854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570707.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A powerful way to understand how a system works is to observe what happens if one of its parts is damaged. This is the simple idea underlying research on brain disturbances, one of the main areas of ... More


Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Future Prospects and Ethical Concerns in Treatment and Research

Jared Horvath, Jennifer Perez, Lachlan Forrow, Felipe Fregni, and Alvaro Pascual-Leone

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive neurostimulatory and neuromodulatory technique increasingly utilized in clinics and research laboratories around the world. Exploiting the ... More


Other Neuroscientific Techniques

Adina L. Roskies

in A Primer on Criminal Law and Neuroscience: A contribution of the Law and Neuroscience Project, supported by the MacArthur Foundation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199859177
eISBN:
9780199332694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859177.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides a brief introduction to a variety of neuroscience techniques other than MRI and fMRI. We first discuss standard anatomical and physiological techniques for studying neurons and ... More


Top-Down Control over the Motor Cortex

Rogier B. Mars, Franz-Xaver Neubert, and Matthew F. S. Rushworth

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews recent evidence of top-down control over the motor cortex during action selection under conflict and action inhibition and describes the role of the pre-supplementary motor area ... More


Streams within streams

Melvyn Goodale and David Milner

in Sight Unseen: An Exploration of Conscious and Unconscious Vision

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199596966
eISBN:
9780191753008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596966.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The functional architecture of the dorsal and ventral streams is reviewed. Evidence is presented from neurological patients, brain imaging (particular functional MRI), transcranial magnetic ... More


Numerical and Spatial Intuitions: A Role for Posterior Parietal Cortex?

Edward M. Hubbard, Manuela Piazza, Philippe Pinel, and Stanislas Dehaene

in Cognitive Biology: Evolutionary and Developmental Perspectives on Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012935
eISBN:
9780262255264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012935.003.0201
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the close connection between numbers and space. First, it demonstrates the automaticity of numerical-spatial interactions via the spatial numerical association of response ... More


Integrating Technologies in the Study of Attentional Networks

Michael I. Posner

in The Role of Technology in Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190234737
eISBN:
9780197559543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190234737.003.0022
Subject:
Computer Science, Virtual Reality

The literature supports the idea that attention is not a unified concept, but involves separate mechanisms that support its varied functions (Petersen & Posner, 2012). One common taxonomy involves ... More


Biological Interventions for Crime Prevention

Christopher Chew, Thomas Douglas, and Nadira S. Faber

in Treatment for Crime: Philosophical Essays on Neurointerventions in Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198758617
eISBN:
9780191818530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758617.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter sets the scene for the subsequent philosophical discussions by surveying a number of biological interventions that have been used, or might in the future be used, for the purposes of ... More


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