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Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Richard Hoefer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Policy Creation and Evaluation has two purposes. The first goal is to describe and explain one of the most important domestic policy decisions in the post-WW II era, the passage of the ... More


From Private to Public: Paying Grandparents as Caregivers

Jill Duerr Berrick

in Raising Children: Emerging Needs, Modern Risks, and Social Responses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195310122
eISBN:
9780199865284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310122.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

The high levels of divorce, separation, and single-parenthood in modern times have created daunting issues and hardship surrounding social/emotional and financial care for children in families ... More


Employment and Finances

Peter J. Pecora, Ronald C. Kessler, Jason Williams, A. Chris Downs, Diana J. English, James White, and Kirk O'Brien

in What Works in Foster Care?: Key Components of Success From the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195175912
eISBN:
9780199865628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175912.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Previous research has shown that youth who have been placed in foster care experience a wide range of economic-related adversities after leaving care, such as homelessness, unemployment, and low ... More


Reforming Welfare with Family Caps

Michael J. Camasso

in Family Caps, Abortion and Women of Color: Research Connection and Political Rejection

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179057
eISBN:
9780199864546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179057.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

This chapter presents an introduction to the Family Cap. The Family Cap or child exclusion attempted to reform welfare by targeting a woman’s decision to conceive and bring a baby to term while ... More


Understanding the Social Security Act: The Foundation of Social Welfare for America in the Twenty-First Century

Andrew Dobelstein

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195366891
eISBN:
9780199894208
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366891.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

America's social welfare commitments, including retirement and disability payments, unemployment insurance, Medicare and Medicaid, the State Child Health Insurance Program, Supplemental Security ... More


Who’s Taking Care of the Children? Title IV: Temporary Assistance to Needy Families and Related Programs for Children and Families

Andrew W. Dobelstein

in Understanding the Social Security Act: The Foundation of Social Welfare for America in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195366891
eISBN:
9780199894208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366891.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Efforts to provide financial support to economically dependent children have emerged from some of America's most confusing social welfare policy objectives. As a result, at least five major programs ... More


Using the Historical Approach

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The historical approach to policy analysis is described and applied to the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Law. At its heart, the historical approach to policy analysis is the ... More


Using the Politics and Power Approach

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The Politics and Power Approach to understanding social policy creation is described and applied to the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Law. This approach focuses on who wins and ... More


Using the “Rational Actor” Approach

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter is analyzes policy formation from the “rational actor” perspective. Perhaps more than any other policy approach, it is both commonly used and commonly attacked. Variations of the ... More


Using Qualitative Methods to Understand What the Policy Did

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Once policies have been selected and implemented, social policy analysis can yield to social policy evaluation, that is, determining what happened as a result of the policy. This chapter introduces ... More


Using Quantitative Approaches to Understand What the Policy Did

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter devotes itself to describing and then applying quantitative methods to evaluate policy outcomes. This chapter provides an overview of quantitative methods, particularly from an ... More


Using Mixed Methods to Understand What the Policy Did

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter combines qualitative and quantitative methods into what is called mixed methods research and presents information on this approach to policy research and program evaluation. We then use ... More


Conclusion: Using Social Policy Creation and Evaluation

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter reviews three models of policy creation, the historical model, the politics and power model, and the rational actor model. It provides and overview of qualitative, quantitative and mixed ... More


The American social contract

Anne Daguerre

in Obama's Welfare Legacy: An Assessment of US Anti-Poverty Policies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447338338
eISBN:
9781447338376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447338338.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Chapter 1 explains how the American political and legal tradition is characterized by a lack of strong legal protection of socio-economic rights. It examines the legacy of welfare reform, in ... More


Poverty

Kenneth P. Miller

in Texas vs. California: A History of Their Struggle for the Future of America

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190077365
eISBN:
9780190077402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190077365.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Poverty is a chronic problem in both Texas and California, as it is in the rest of the nation. This chapter analyzes the two states’ competing strategies for addressing it. The Texas Model provides ... More


Teaching Marriage to Single Mothers and Inmates

Melanie Heath

in One Marriage Under God: The Campaign to Promote Marriage in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814737125
eISBN:
9780814744901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814737125.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter focuses on the small number of marriage workshops directed both at poor single mothers in conjunction with receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) benefits and at the ... More


The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program

Robert A. Moffitt

in Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226533568
eISBN:
9780226533575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program was created by legislation passed by the U.S. Congress and signed by the president in 1996. The Personal Responsibility and Work ... More


Enabling More Families with Housing Vouchers to Access Higher-Opportunity Neighborhoods

Barbara Sard

in Facing Segregation: Housing Policy Solutions for a Stronger Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190862305
eISBN:
9780190862336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190862305.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

This chapter discusses the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program, which helps more than two million low-income households—nearly half with minor children in the home—to pay for modestly priced, ... More


Welfare Reform and Market Conformity

Timothy Black and Sky Keyes

in It's a Setup: Fathering from the Social and Economic Margins

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190062217
eISBN:
9780190062255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190062217.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter summarizes the post-1970s neoliberal restructuring of US state welfare that culminated in the 1996 welfare reform act. The authors demonstrate how neoliberal welfare reform, combined ... More


Food Stamps and Public Welfare

William M. Epstein

in The Masses are the Ruling Classes: Policy Romanticism, Democratic Populism, and Social Welfare in America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190467067
eISBN:
9780190865948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190467067.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Chapter 9 describes the food stamp program as inseparable from the romantic certainties that gave rise to the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA). It ... More


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