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Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Richard Hoefer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Policy Creation and Evaluation has two purposes. The first goal is to describe and explain one of the most important domestic policy decisions in the post-WW II era, the passage of the ... More


From Private to Public: Paying Grandparents as Caregivers

Jill Duerr Berrick

in Raising Children: Emerging Needs, Modern Risks, and Social Responses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195310122
eISBN:
9780199865284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310122.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

The high levels of divorce, separation, and single-parenthood in modern times have created daunting issues and hardship surrounding social/emotional and financial care for children in families ... More


Employment and Finances

Peter J. Pecora, Ronald C. Kessler, Jason Williams, A. Chris Downs, Diana J. English, James White, and Kirk O'Brien

in What Works in Foster Care?: Key Components of Success From the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195175912
eISBN:
9780199865628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175912.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Previous research has shown that youth who have been placed in foster care experience a wide range of economic-related adversities after leaving care, such as homelessness, unemployment, and low ... More


Reforming Welfare with Family Caps

Michael J. Camasso

in Family Caps, Abortion and Women of Color: Research Connection and Political Rejection

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179057
eISBN:
9780199864546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179057.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

This chapter presents an introduction to the Family Cap. The Family Cap or child exclusion attempted to reform welfare by targeting a woman’s decision to conceive and bring a baby to term while ... More


Understanding the Social Security Act: The Foundation of Social Welfare for America in the Twenty-First Century

Andrew Dobelstein

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195366891
eISBN:
9780199894208
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366891.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

America's social welfare commitments, including retirement and disability payments, unemployment insurance, Medicare and Medicaid, the State Child Health Insurance Program, Supplemental Security ... More


Who’s Taking Care of the Children? Title IV: Temporary Assistance to Needy Families and Related Programs for Children and Families

Andrew W. Dobelstein

in Understanding the Social Security Act: The Foundation of Social Welfare for America in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195366891
eISBN:
9780199894208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366891.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Efforts to provide financial support to economically dependent children have emerged from some of America's most confusing social welfare policy objectives. As a result, at least five major programs ... More


Using the Historical Approach

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The historical approach to policy analysis is described and applied to the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Law. At its heart, the historical approach to policy analysis is the ... More


Using the Politics and Power Approach

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The Politics and Power Approach to understanding social policy creation is described and applied to the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Law. This approach focuses on who wins and ... More


Using the “Rational Actor” Approach

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter is analyzes policy formation from the “rational actor” perspective. Perhaps more than any other policy approach, it is both commonly used and commonly attacked. Variations of the ... More


Using Qualitative Methods to Understand What the Policy Did

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Once policies have been selected and implemented, social policy analysis can yield to social policy evaluation, that is, determining what happened as a result of the policy. This chapter introduces ... More


Using Quantitative Approaches to Understand What the Policy Did

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter devotes itself to describing and then applying quantitative methods to evaluate policy outcomes. This chapter provides an overview of quantitative methods, particularly from an ... More


Using Mixed Methods to Understand What the Policy Did

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter combines qualitative and quantitative methods into what is called mixed methods research and presents information on this approach to policy research and program evaluation. We then use ... More


Conclusion: Using Social Policy Creation and Evaluation

Richard Hoefer

in Policy Creation and Evaluation: Understanding Welfare Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199735198
eISBN:
9780199918560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735198.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter reviews three models of policy creation, the historical model, the politics and power model, and the rational actor model. It provides and overview of qualitative, quantitative and mixed ... More


The American social contract

Anne Daguerre

in Obama's Welfare Legacy: An Assessment of US Anti-Poverty Policies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447338338
eISBN:
9781447338376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447338338.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Chapter 1 explains how the American political and legal tradition is characterized by a lack of strong legal protection of socio-economic rights. It examines the legacy of welfare reform, in ... More


Teaching Marriage to Single Mothers and Inmates

Melanie Heath

in One Marriage Under God: The Campaign to Promote Marriage in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814737125
eISBN:
9780814744901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814737125.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter focuses on the small number of marriage workshops directed both at poor single mothers in conjunction with receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) benefits and at the ... More


The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program

Robert A. Moffitt

in Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226533568
eISBN:
9780226533575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program was created by legislation passed by the U.S. Congress and signed by the president in 1996. The Personal Responsibility and Work ... More


Enabling More Families with Housing Vouchers to Access Higher-Opportunity Neighborhoods

Barbara Sard

in Facing Segregation: Housing Policy Solutions for a Stronger Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190862305
eISBN:
9780190862336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190862305.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

This chapter discusses the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program, which helps more than two million low-income households—nearly half with minor children in the home—to pay for modestly priced, ... More


Food Stamps and Public Welfare

William M. Epstein

in The Masses are the Ruling Classes: Policy Romanticism, Democratic Populism, and Social Welfare in America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190467067
eISBN:
9780190865948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190467067.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Chapter 9 describes the food stamp program as inseparable from the romantic certainties that gave rise to the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA). It ... More


Investing in People

William G. Gale

in Fiscal Therapy: Balancing Today's Needs with Tomorrow's Obligations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190645410
eISBN:
9780190939175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645410.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Economic Systems

The nation’s most precious asset is its people, but far too many are being left behind. As discussed in Chapter 9, widening income distribution, weak wage growth, and stagnant economic mobility have ... More


Racial Diversity, Immigration, and Social Spending in the US

Dennis C. Spies

in Immigration and Welfare State Retrenchment: Why the US Experience is not Reflected in Western Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198812906
eISBN:
9780191850691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812906.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The chapter analyses the fractious relationship between racial diversity and the welfare state in the US—arguably the most influential case in NPD literature. It shows that US Whites are critical of ... More


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