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Agnostics: T. H. Huxley and Bibliolatry

Timothy Larsen

in A People of One Book: The Bible and the Victorians

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199570096
eISBN:
9780191725661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570096.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Biblical Studies

T. H. Huxley is remembered as a leading man of science who forcefully championed Darwinism. A religious sceptic, he coined the word ‘agnosticism’ to describe his own position on questions of ... More


The Battle of Belief

David Bebbington

in The Mind of Gladstone: Religion, Homer, and Politics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267651
eISBN:
9780191708220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267651.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Gladstone waged a campaign against infidelity in his later years. He was unwilling to take up the ground of the Roman Catholic Church of intransigent resistance to modern thought, contending instead ... More


Late Victorians

R. S. Deese

in We Are Amphibians

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780520281523
eISBN:
9780520959569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281523.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter offers a brief profile of the Huxley family at the close of the nineteenth century, and then traces the formative experiences of Julian and Aldous Huxley from the late Victorian period ... More


Learning by Experiment: T. H. Huxley and the Aesthetic Nature of Education

Philipp Erchinger

in Artful Experiments: Ways of Knowing in Victorian Literature and Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474438957
eISBN:
9781474453790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474438957.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Beginning with John Herschel’s definition of ‘science’ as a specifically impersonal kind of knowledge, this chapter focuses on the relations between the subjective and the objective, pursuing them ... More


Weather Reports?: Adopting the Mythic View

J. David Pleins

in When the Great Abyss Opened: Classic and Contemporary Readings of Noah's Flood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199733637
eISBN:
9780199852505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733637.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

When asked about what myths are, the first definition that would usually come to mind is that myths are stories that are aimed at explaining certain natural phenomena with a very unscientific point ... More


Justification by Verification: The Scientific Challenge to the Moral Authority of Christianity in Modern America

David A. Hollinger

in After Cloven Tongues of Fire: Protestant Liberalism in Modern American History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158426
eISBN:
9781400845996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158426.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Historians have observed that Victorian, Edwardian, and Progressive intellectuals embraced science with “religious” zeal. This chapter details the distinctly Protestant style and tone of that zeal. A ... More


Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Bernard Lightman and Gowan Dawson (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Victorian Scientific Naturalism examines the secular creeds of the generation of intellectuals who, in the wake of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species, wrested cultural authority from the old Anglican ... More


‘The Cross-Examination of the Physiologist’: T. H. Huxley and the Resurrection

Gowan Dawson

in The Metaphysical Society (1869-1880): Intellectual Life in Mid-Victorian England

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198846499
eISBN:
9780191881596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846499.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines the Metaphysical Society’s ‘most notorious paper ever’, T. H. Huxley’s ‘The Evidence of the Miracle of the Resurrection’ delivered in January 1876, which contended that Jesus’s ... More


Huxley and the Devonshire Commission

Bernard Lightman

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Devonshire Commission was created to evaluate the state of science, and to determine whether or not it should become a national priority. It met from 14 June 1870, until 12 May 1874. This ... More


Economies of Scales: Evolutionary Naturalists and the Victorian Examination System

James Elwick

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Some chose to learn scientific naturalism. Others were compelled to learn it. Anyone studying for a Department of Science and Art examination pored over every word of its published syllabi, past exam ... More


Introduction

Gowan Dawson and Bernard Lightman

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introduction begins by recovering the prehistory of the terms scientific naturalism and scientific naturalist, attempting to reclaim them as authentic actors’ categories. It also assesses their ... More


Sunday Lecture Societies: Naturalistic Scientists, Unitarians, and Secularists Unite against Sabbatarian Legislation

Ruth Barton

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Through analysis of two little-known anti-Sabbatarian organisations, Sunday Evenings for the People and the Sunday Lecture Society (SLS), this chapter examines the secularizing objectives of the ... More


Science in Nineteenth-Century England: Plural Configurations and Singular Politics

John Pickstone

in The Organisation of Knowledge in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263266
eISBN:
9780191734854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263266.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the sciences and their politics in the nineteenth-century. It characterises Victorian science, technology and medicine, and states how they relate to state institutions and to ... More


Paradox: The Art of Scientific Naturalism

George Levine

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter views the Scientific Naturalists from a literary perspective. Granting the importance of precise social context, it claims that full understanding of the naturalist's project requires ... More


Schisms

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Helmholtz articulates a final story on the basis of the new thermodynamics, examined in relation to the change of organic forms, energy and entropy. He recasts this as a synthesis of thermodynamics ... More


Catching Up

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

In contrast to the situation in Europe, particularly in Germany, physiology is lagging behind in Britain, where the only full-time physiologist is William Sharpey at University College London. The ... More


The Conduct of Belief: Agnosticism, the Metaphysical Society, and the Formation of Intellectual Communities

Paul White

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter uses the London Metaphysical Society, a community that cut across vocational and confessional boundaries, to re-examine the construct of “scientific naturalism” and the frameworks ... More


Islands of Discovery: Scientific Curiosity in the Works of Darwin, Huxley and Wells

Jennifer Fuller

in Dark Paradise: Pacific Islands in the Nineteenth-Century British Imagination

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474413848
eISBN:
9781474422093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474413848.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Intrigued by the descriptions of hitherto unknown species, Victorian naturalists embarked on Pacific journeys to study new flora and fauna. The third chapter follows a young Charles Darwin and Thomas ... More


On Quartering and Cannibalism and the Discourses of Savagism

Gananath Obeyesekere

in Cannibal Talk: The Man-Eating Myth and Human Sacrifice in the South Seas

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520243071
eISBN:
9780520938311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520243071.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter discusses the differences between ordinary storytelling and fiction writing and ethnographic and historical writing. It discusses the earliest European exploration of the Western ... More


Odd Man Out: Was Joseph Hooker an Evolutionary Naturalist?

Jim Endersby

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Joseph Dalton Hooker has conventionally been regarded as a proponent of scientific naturalism; one of those Victorian men of science whose explanations of natural phenomena excluded divine purpose ... More


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