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Blame's Warrant

Michael McKenna

in Conversation and Responsibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199740031
eISBN:
9780199918706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740031.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

Because blame is liable to harm, some account is needed of its warrant. Without supplementation, the conversational theory is inadequate. The mere meaningfulness of a conversational response to one ... More


Desire

Mark Schroeder

in Slaves of the Passions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter defends Hypotheticalism's account of the nature of desire. Chapters 2 through 7 were neutral on the nature of desire, but in this chapter it is argued that in order for it to be possible ... More


Basic positive duties of justice: a contractualist defense

Pablo Gilabert

in From Global Poverty to Global Equality: A Philosophical Exploration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639717
eISBN:
9780191739033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639717.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter develops a contractualist account of basic positive duties of justice fulfilling the global sufficientarian demand to eradicate severe global poverty. It draws on, and further develops, ... More


Thick Concepts and Internal Reasons

Ulrike Heuer

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his influential discussion of thick concepts Williams argues that the facts that make judgements, which apply thick concepts correctly, true, provide reasons for action — albeit only for the ... More


The Teleological Conception of Practical Reasons

Douglas W. Portmore

in Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794539
eISBN:
9780199919260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794539.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter argues that since our actions are the means by which we affect the way the world goes, and since our intentional actions aim at making the world go a certain way, we should hold that what ... More


The Promissory Bond

David Owens

in Shaping the Normative Landscape

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691500
eISBN:
9780191744938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691500.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to Scanlon's expectation theory, one makes a promise by communicating the intention to perform and the promise binds when it makes the promisee believe that you will perform. The ... More


Recent Skepticism about Absolute Goodness

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on how others have also arrived at a skeptical conclusion about absolute goodness, although the route by which this book comes to that conclusion is different from those that ... More


Blame and Guilt

David Owens

in Shaping the Normative Landscape

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691500
eISBN:
9780191744938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691500.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Though neither blame nor guilt are themselves good or desirable, the fact that blame or guilt would be a good thing in certain circumstances is itself a good thing, at least in the context of certain ... More


The Judicial Oath

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

in Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter evaluates and rejects the claim that judges must adhere to the law in suboptimal-result cases because they swore a solemn oath of office to uphold the law. The relationship between oaths ... More


Guilty Thoughts

Angela M. Smith

in Morality and the Emotions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199577507
eISBN:
9780191731235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577507.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores an emotional experience many philosophers regard as puzzling: namely, the feeling of guilt we sometimes have about attitudes that are never expressed or acted upon in any way. ... More


Government Neutrality and Perfectionism

Peter de Marneffe

in Liberalism and Prostitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383249
eISBN:
9780199870554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383249.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Some have argued that liberalism is committed to the principle that the government should remain as neutral as possible toward conceptions of the good life. Some paternalistic prostitution laws, ... More


Four Responses: Kavka, Kamm, Scanlon, and Schelling

Iwao Hirose

in Moral Aggregation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199933686
eISBN:
9780199398324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933686.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys four representative responses in favour of saving the greater number of individuals in the Rescue Case. Section 7.2 assesses Gregory Kavka’s reductio argument, and argues that ... More


Obligation

David Owens

in Shaping the Normative Landscape

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691500
eISBN:
9780191744938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691500.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Should we breach an obligation, we are subject to blame. Obligation also shapes our practical deliberation about whether to discharge the obligation. According to the Sanction Theory of Obligation, ... More


The Permissibility of Paternalism

Peter de Marneffe

in Liberalism and Prostitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383249
eISBN:
9780199870554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383249.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Although some paternalistic government policies are morally wrong, not all are. Even some “hard” paternalistic policies are morally justifiable. This position is consistent with a due respect for ... More


John Rawls and T. M. Scanlon

Nick Fotion

in Theory vs. Anti-Theory in Ethics: A Misconceived Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199373529
eISBN:
9780199373543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199373529.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

So far, local theories are concerned with institutions (e.g., the military, business, medicine). Rawls is a local theorist of a different stripe. He is a conceptual localist. He deals with one ... More


Blame and Punishment

David Shoemaker

in Blame: Its Nature and Norms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199860821
eISBN:
9780199332700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860821.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most theorists assume criminal responsibility entails moral responsibility, an assumption allegedly illustrated by the relation between moral and criminal blame, tightly analogous practices presumed ... More


Contractualism, Rule Consequentialism, and Doing and Allowing

Fiona Woollard

in Doing and Allowing Harm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199683642
eISBN:
9780191792847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683642.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is a strong mark in favour of an ethical theory if it can explain widespread, firmly held intuitions about cases. Rejection of the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing would require substantial revision ... More


Judgment-Sensitivity and the Value of Freedom

John Martin Fischer

in Deep Control: Essays on Free Will and Value

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199742981
eISBN:
9780190267537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199742981.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter critiques T. M. Scanlon's approach to moral responsibility, specifically her concept of judgment-sensitive attitudes, and the value of choice. Scanlon emphasizes the importance of ... More


Structure and Justification in Contractualist Tort Theory

John Oberdiek

in Philosophical Foundations of the Law of Torts

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198701385
eISBN:
9780191770654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701385.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Law of Obligations

Economic theories of torts leave many cold, either on interpretive or more thoroughly moral grounds, but no satisfying alternative has been advanced. This chapter argues that a tort theory founded on ... More


Moral Appraisal and Defects of Character

K. E. Boxer

in Rethinking Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695324
eISBN:
9780191752216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695324.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 2 discusses desert of moral blame on a traditional understanding of such blame. On this understanding, to morally blame an agent for her action is to judge that her action reflects a defect ... More


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