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The Cognitive Basis of Science

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sketches a modularist account of the human capacity for abduction (or ‘inference to the best explanation’), which Fodor has argued must provide a decisive stumbling block to progress in ... More


Sublime Reason

Bruce N. Waller

in The Stubborn System of Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028165
eISBN:
9780262327404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028165.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philosophers often exaggerate the powers of reason, particularly the capacity of initiating and sustaining deep deliberative (System 2) thought as well as powers of self-control and delayed ... More


Transparent Sensory Access to Attitudes?

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter critiques theories that purport to be consistent with the sensory-access component of the interpretive sensory-access (ISA) theory, but which maintain that the sensory events in question ... More


An architecture for dual reasoning

Peter Carruthers

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter takes for granted the existence of some sort of real distinction between System 1 and System 2 reasoning processes, and asks how they are realized in the human mind-brain. In contrast ... More


Systems and levels: Dual-system theories and the personal—subpersonal distinction

Keith Frankish

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that the distinction between System 1 and System 2 corresponds to that between subpersonal and personal reasoning. But even if the distinctions do not align in this way, a weaker ... More


Distinguishing the reflective, algorithmic, and autonomous minds: Is it time for a tri-process theory?

Keith E. Stanovich

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Building upon work which considers the implications dual-process theory for the great rationality debate in cognitive science, this chapter advances that discussion, first by discussing additions and ... More


Mindreading in Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The topic of mindreading is central to the interpretive sensory-access (ISA) theory of self-knowledge. This chapter lays out the issues and options, and examines some of the pertinent evidence. The ... More


Metacognition and Control

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines predictions made by inner sense theories that derive from the supposed control functions of inner sense, contrasting them with the predictions of the interpretive sensory-access ... More


Learning Conversations

Edward D. Hess

in Learn or Die: Using Science to Build a Leading-Edge Learning Organization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231170246
eISBN:
9780231538275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170246.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter focuses on one key component of a High-Performance Learning Organization (HPLO): the right processes, specifically the right kind of communication processes. Learning, critical thinking, ... More


Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Keith Stanovich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341140
eISBN:
9780199894307
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341140.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This book attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science—the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition. It shows how the insights of dual-process theory ... More


How Do Epistemic Principles Guide?

Nathan Ballantyne

in Knowing Our Limits

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190847289
eISBN:
9780190847296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190847289.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Regulative epistemology aims to guide inquiry. But how can abstract epistemological ideals guide people, given that people often don’t live up to their ideals? This chapter explores that question ... More


Attitudes in Active Reasoning

Julia Staffel

in Reasoning: New Essays on Theoretical and Practical Thinking

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198791478
eISBN:
9780191876844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791478.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Active reasoning is the kind of reasoning that we do deliberately and consciously. In characterizing the nature of active reasoning and the norms it should obey, the question arises which attitudes ... More


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