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• Toward a Greater Lebanon

Hakim Carol

in The Origins of the Lebanese National Idea: 1840-1920

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520273412
eISBN:
9780520954717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273412.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter covers World War I and the subsequent developments that ultimately led to the establishment of a Lebanese state. It argues that this outcome was not predetermined and that members of the ... More


• The 1860 Massacres and Their Aftermath: A Map for Lebanon

Hakim Carol

in The Origins of the Lebanese National Idea: 1840-1920

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520273412
eISBN:
9780520954717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273412.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter covers the massacres of Christians in Mount Lebanon and Syria in 1860 and the general reaction in Europe and the Syrian provinces to these events. It then examines the workings of a ... More


The Origins of the Lebanese National Idea: 1840-1920

Carol Hakim

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520273412
eISBN:
9780520954717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273412.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This book presents a new and original narrative of the origins and development of the Lebanese national idea. It challenges nationalist accounts that trace the origins of Lebanese nationalism back to ... More


• The Secular Elite and the Mutasarrifiyya

Hakim Carol

in The Origins of the Lebanese National Idea: 1840-1920

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520273412
eISBN:
9780520954717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273412.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the rise of new secular elite in Mount Lebanon and its attempts, by the turn of the twentieth century, to address growing political and economic problems in the Mountain. It ... More


• The Mutasarrifiyya Framework: An Equivocal Legacya

Hakim Carol

in The Origins of the Lebanese National Idea: 1840-1920

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520273412
eISBN:
9780520954717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273412.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter reviews changes in the Mountain following the establishment of a new semiautonomous administration and then outlines the different nationalist currents that surfaced at that time in the ... More


• The Church and the Mutasarrifiyya

Hakim Carol

in The Origins of the Lebanese National Idea: 1840-1920

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520273412
eISBN:
9780520954717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273412.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the gradual accommodation of the Maronite Church to the new semiautonomous status granted to Mount Lebanon in 1861, following the failure of its more ambitious projects devised ... More


• The 1908 Revolution and Its Aftermath

Hakim Carol

in The Origins of the Lebanese National Idea: 1840-1920

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520273412
eISBN:
9780520954717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273412.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter covers developments in the Mountain in the wake of the 1908 Young Turk Revolution. It examines how local elites struggled to adapt to the new conditions that emerged in the Ottoman ... More


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