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Imperiled Compatibilist Approaches

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 7 defends the view that an alternative possibilities requirement for the truth of judgments of objective reasons threatens a variety of prominent compatibilist approaches, such as versions of ... More


Sheng聖/Sage

Stephen C. Angle

in Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385144
eISBN:
9780199869756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385144.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter considers the concept and history of “sage” within Confucianism. It begins with an historical survey that shows how “sage (sheng)” evolves toward expressing the idea of human achievement ... More


Psychological Autonomy and Personal History

Alfred R. Mele

in Autonomous Agents: From Self-Control to Autonomy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150438
eISBN:
9780199869091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150430.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Some thought experiments that incompatibilists have designed to undermine particular compatibilist analyses of free action and free will should lead their opponents to investigate the possible ... More


Projects of Worth?

Steven M. Cahn and Christine Vitrano

in Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172400
eISBN:
9780231539364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172400.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines what makes a life significant, focusing on the philosophers' argument that certain activities are more worthy than others, and that lives spent engaged in those more worthy ... More


Objectivism I: Being Attracted, Meriting Attraction, and Promoting Consequences

Thaddeus Metz

in Meaning in Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199599318
eISBN:
9780191747632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599318.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 10 begins the search for the best version of objective naturalism, the view that purely physical ways of living can be meaningful, and not merely because they are the object of propositional ... More


Assessing Character, Criminal Propensities, and Sociocultural Deprivation

José B. Ashford and Melissa Kupferberg

in Death Penalty Mitigation: A Handbook for Mitigation Specialists, Investigators, Social Scientists, and Lawyers

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195329469
eISBN:
9780199367603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329469.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter examines character flaws and weaknesses that are due to various forms of social and cultural deprivation. The goal is to examine critically theoretical developments in the social ... More


Death, Value, and the Afterlife: Responses

Samuel Scheffler

in Death and the Afterlife

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199982509
eISBN:
9780199369973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982509.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to the essays by Harry Frankfurt, Niko Kolodny, Seana Shiffrin, and Susan Wolf that are included in the book. It addresses a range of issues raised in those essays. Among the ... More


On Hiking the Range

Samuel Scheffler

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter illustrates the notion of actual and possible consent based on Immanuel Kant's views. According to Kant's Consent Principle, we ought to treat people only in ways to which they could ... More


Death Wish: Beyond End-of-Life Care

F. M. Kamm

in Almost Over: Aging, Dying, Dead

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190097158
eISBN:
9780190097189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190097158.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 6 examines Ezekiel Emanuel’s reasons for thinking that after a “complete life” (by around age seventy-five) it can be reasonable (at least for some) to omit easy preventive measures (e.g., ... More


Geographies of Meaningful Living

Cheshire Calhoun

in Doing Valuable Time: The Present, the Future, and Meaningful Living

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190851866
eISBN:
9780190851897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190851866.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Where in our conceptual geography is “meaningful” best located and what conceptual work should it do? Agent-independent and agent-independent-plus conceptions of meaningfulness locate “meaningful” ... More


What Makes Work Meaningful?

Andrea Veltman

in Meaningful Work

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190618179
eISBN:
9780190618209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190618179.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter answers the question, “what makes work meaningful?” with a pluralistic account of meaningfulness, identifying four primary dimensions of meaningful work: (1) developing or exercising the ... More


Moral Responsibility, Reasons, and the Self

Chandra Sripada

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility: Volume 3

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198744832
eISBN:
9780191805974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744832.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Reasons-responsiveness and deep self views are two leading approaches to moral responsibility. Ostensibly, they are worlds apart. The aim of this chapterer is to bring them closer together, in a way ... More


Interpreting Blame

T. M. Scanlon

in Blame: Its Nature and Norms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199860821
eISBN:
9780199332700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860821.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Blame is a response to a person’s perceived faultiness. But it is not clear exactly what kind of response it is. If blame were merely a negative moral evaluation, then it would be difficult to ... More


Huck vs. JoJo: Moral Ignorance and the (A)symmetry of Praise and Blame

David Faraci and David Shoemaker

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy: Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198718765
eISBN:
9780191803123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718765.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When Huckleberry Finn fails to turn in Jim, he believes he is going to hell for doing what he has been raised to believe is wrong. When Susan Wolf’s JoJo—raised by his dictator father to embrace his ... More


Freestanding Pragmatism in Bioethics and Law

John D. Arras, James Childress, and Matthew Adams

in Methods in Bioethics: The Way We Reason Now

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190665982
eISBN:
9780190666019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665982.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores “freestanding” pragmatists such as Susan Wolf and Richard Posner, who see their specific conception of the pragmatic as untethered from the classical canon of American ... More


Exemptions

Elinor Mason

in Ways to be Blameworthy: Rightness, Wrongness, and Responsibility

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198833604
eISBN:
9780191872037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833604.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the complexities of who is in and who is out of our moral community. First, it considers agents who are not impaired in any obvious way, but who are in the grip of a false moral ... More


Wronging, Blame, and Forgiveness

Julia Driver

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 4

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198805601
eISBN:
9780191843563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805601.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This paper argues against a popular view of forgiveness by holding that there are some cases—certain tragic dilemma cases—in which a person may be wronged by an action that is not itself wrong. ... More


Self-Creation and Responsibility

Agnes Callard

in Aspiration: The Agency of Becoming

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190639488
eISBN:
9780190639518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639488.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Aspiration, unlike Talbot Brewer’s “dialectical activities,” is a learning process in which someone moves from an inadequate to an adequate grasp of some value. Because we cannot learn what is not ... More


Responsible Belief Entails the Ability to Believe Otherwise

Rik Peels

in Responsible Belief: A Theory in Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190608118
eISBN:
9780190608132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190608118.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter provides an account of force as a doxastic excuse. Something is forced if one’s will does not make a difference to it. The account of force as a doxastic excuse implies that ... More


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