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The Nuncio, Religious Reform and the Irish Clergy

Tadhg Ó hAnnrachÁin

in Catholic Reformation in Ireland: The Mission of Rinuccini 1645-1649

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208914
eISBN:
9780191716843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208914.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The legatine synod of August 1646 proved emblematic of the manner in which the ecclesiastical aspect of GianBattista Rinuccini's mission as Ireland's nuncio developed. Originally convened to ratify ... More


The Law on Judicial Authority and Judicial Independence

Mahmud Al-khudayri

in Judges and Political Reform in Egypt

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774162015
eISBN:
9781617970993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774162015.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

According to Article 78 of the judicial authority law, “A department of judicial inspection shall be formed in the ministry of justice to inspect the work of judges and presidents of courts of first ... More


1923–1929: Christians and a Divided National Movement

Noah Haiduc-Dale

in Arab Christians in British Mandate Palestine: Communalism and Nationalism, 1917-1948

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748676033
eISBN:
9780748684304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748676033.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter begins with an examination of one of Britain’s most substantial creations: the Supreme Muslim Council. This religious organization, dominated by Hajj Amin al-Husayni, became the centre ... More


Agriculture, Conflict, and the Maintenance of Stable Social Relations

Kees van der Spek

in The Modern Neighbors of Tutankhamun: History, Life, and Work in the Villages of the Theban West Bank

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774164033
eISBN:
9781617970917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774164033.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Although, archaeological work for the Supreme Council of Antiquities is government employment, the nature of Qurnawi economics for those so employed is one that combines formal with informal ... More


The Independence of the Judiciary as a Democratic Construct

Hesham El-Bastawissy

in Judges and Political Reform in Egypt

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774162015
eISBN:
9781617970993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774162015.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In any country, the independence of the judiciary as a state institution and the autonomy of judges in their individual capacity are profoundly related to the state of democracy. Neither of them ... More


Lessons Lived, Learned, Lost: Episodic Progress in U.S. and British Experiences in Coalition Warfare, 1900–1918

William T. Johnsen

in The Origins of the Grand Alliance: Anglo-American Military Collaboration from the Panay Incident to Pearl Harbor

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813168333
eISBN:
9780813168340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168333.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter describes the so-called intellectual baggage that set the context for the Anglo-American negotiations of 1937–1941 by examining the experience of the respective national military leaders ... More


Protecting Pets and Cleaning Crocodiles: The Animal Mummy Project

Salima Ikram

in Divine Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774248580
eISBN:
9781936190010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774248580.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The author of this chapter made a decision to study the animal mummy collection, and initiated the Animal Mummy Project, in cooperation with the Supreme Council of Antiquities and the Egyptian ... More


Portuguese Rebellion in Maranhão and São Tomé. Roulox Baro's Journey to the Indian Tribes. Jacob Rabe's Description of the Tapuyas.

Caspar van Baerle

in The History of Brazil under the Governorship of Count Johan Maurits of Nassau, 1636–1644

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036649
eISBN:
9780813041599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036649.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

After the truce was ratified, Maranhão rebelled against the Dutch control and the Portuguese and Brazilians joined together to help the Maranhão. Word reached the government in Pernambuco, which was ... More


The Waqf System: Maintenance, Repair, and Upkeep

Dina Ishak Bakhoum (ed.)

in Held in Trust: Waqf in the Islamic World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774163937
eISBN:
9781617970924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163937.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter introduces the waqf system and its relation to maintenance and repair activities from a historical perspective, using specific examples from the Mamluk period (1250–1517). It alludes ... More


Theocracies and Exiles: Tehran and the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq

Nadejda K Marinova

in Ask What You Can Do For Your (New) Country: How Host States Use Diasporas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190623418
eISBN:
9780190623432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190623418.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on SCIRI (SAIRI), the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq, created by Tehran, and the utilization by the Iranian government of SCIRI in 1982–2003, in the context of ... More


Revising Past and Future 1786–1790

Paul M. Zall

in Benjamin Franklin’s Humor

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813123714
eISBN:
9780813134864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813123714.003.0010
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines Benjamin Franklin's career during the period from 1786 to 1790. He served as president of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania from 1785 to 1788 and was also appointed ... More


Urban TransformationsSocial: Control at Al-rifa′i and Sultan Hasan Square

Yasser Elsheshtawy

in Cairo Cosmopolitan: Politics, Culture, and Urban Space in the New Globalized Middle East

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774162893
eISBN:
9781617970269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774162893.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter tells the story of the al-Rifa'i Mosque/Sultan Hasan Square located in an area of Cairo known as al-Khalifa at the foot of the Citadel. The space has undergone extensive transformations ... More


Sistani, Guardian of the Democratic Process

Caroleen Marji Sayej

in Patriotic Ayatollahs: Nationalism in Post-Saddam Iraq

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501715211
eISBN:
9781501714856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715211.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter focuses exclusively on Ayatollah Sistani and his impact on democracy in Iraq. It traces his activities through Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s two terms in office, ending in 2014. ... More


Nutritional Deprivation after the Fighting: November 1918–July 1919

Mary Elisabeth Cox

in Hunger in War and Peace: Women and Children in Germany, 1914-1924

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198820116
eISBN:
9780191860171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820116.003.0008
Subject:
History, Economic History, Social History

Germans were dismayed that the Allied blockade continued during armistice, and loudly protested the nutritional distress it created for women and children. Official reports of the German food supply ... More


Ulama and Qanun Lawmaking

Arskal Salim

in Challenging the Secular State: The Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832377
eISBN:
9780824868963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832377.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter shows dissonant legislation in Aceh where some qanun (regional regulation) of sharia rules have already begun to restrict constitutional rights, not only by ruling out ideological ... More


Epilogue

Steven A. Cook

in The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199795260
eISBN:
9780190252564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199795260.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter details the continuing upheaval in Egypt in the wake of the January 2011 uprising. It describes the violent crackdown on demonstrators in November 2011, who demanded an immediate end to ... More


International Criminal Tribunals and Cooperation with States: Serbia and the Provision of Evidence for the Slobodan Milošević Trial at the ICTY

Geoffrey Nice and Nevenka Tromp

in Arcs of Global Justice: Essays in Honour of William A. Schabas

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190272654
eISBN:
9780190272685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190272654.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the cooperation between Serbia and the International Criminal tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) though reconstruction of how the OTP obtained records of the Supreme Defence ... More


يسقط‎ يسقط‎ حكم‎ العسكر‎ “Down, Down with Military Rule”: The Second Wave against the Military Junta (February 12, 2011June 30, 2012)

Amy Austin Holmes

in Coups and Revolutions: Mass Mobilization, the Egyptian Military, and the United States from Mubarak to Sisi

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190071455
eISBN:
9780190071486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190071455.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, Comparative Politics

After Hosni Mubarak stepped down, Egypt was ruled by the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF). During this time, a new form of antimilitarist activism emerged for the first time in Egyptian ... More


The Retreat

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

For several reasons, prolonged participation in politics can endanger both the military as an institution and the leaders at the helm, prompting an abdication of political power. Military muscle ... More


A New Order

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Most military officers make abysmal politicians. Military leaders are accustomed to commanding a disciplined group of soldiers who have been trained to toe the line. So they face significant ... More


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