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Haunting the Buddha: Indian Popular Religion and the Formation of Buddhism

Robert DeCaroli

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195168389
eISBN:
9780199835133
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168380.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Although Buddhist monasteries are commonly understood as being institutions dedicated to non‐attachment and transcendence, the architectures of the earliest known monasteries are overwhelmingly ... More


Religious Experience and the Burden of Proof

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An analysis of three problems for Richard Swinburne’s Bayesian cumulative case strategy in natural theology shows why he needs to shift the burden of proof to the unbeliever. Allegedly, this shift is ... More


The Terrifying Maternal Ghost in the Americas: La Llorona

Robin Roberts

in Subversive Spirits: The Female Ghost in British and American Popular Culture

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496815569
eISBN:
9781496815606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496815569.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

La Llorona is terrifying, a spectre whose distinctive attire heralds death and destruction, a female figure of power, a female ghost who is feared. La Llorona has a diffuse and influential history. A ... More


Miracles

Larry Shapiro

in The Miracle Myth: Why Belief in the Resurrection and the Supernatural is Unjustified

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178402
eISBN:
9780231542142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178402.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Because miracles have supernatural causes, a justified belief that a given event is a miracle requires that one be justified in believing that its cause is supernatural. But the only way to infer ... More


Justifying Belief in Supernatural Causes

Larry Shapiro

in The Miracle Myth: Why Belief in the Resurrection and the Supernatural is Unjustified

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178402
eISBN:
9780231542142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178402.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

What are miracles? They are events that involve a violation of natural law due to the intervention of a supernatural, typically divine, being. Because we think that such interventions are extremely ... More


The Plight of Western Religion: The Eclipse of the Other-Worldly

Paul Gifford

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190095871
eISBN:
9780190099602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190095871.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

‘Religion’ can be used to mean all kinds of things, but a substantive definition––based on the premise of superhuman powers––can clarify much. It allows us to attempt to differentiate religion from ... More


The Return of the Suppressed

Manduhai Buyandelger

in Tragic Spirits: Shamanism, Memory, and Gender in Contemporary Mongolia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226086552
eISBN:
9780226013091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226013091.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter lays out the context behind the shamanism that has proliferated in Mongolia in the aftermath of the collapse of socialism. It discusses existing assumptions behind shamanism, what ... More


Traditional Wisdom

C. Riley Augé

in The Archaeology of Magic

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813066110
eISBN:
9780813058597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066110.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The process of locating and evaluating folkloristic data sources is presented here as a prelude to the analysis of the detailed magical references abstracted from those sources. The sources include ... More


Contested pasts: David Hume, Horace Walpole and the emergence of Gothic fiction

Jonathan Dent

in Sinister Histories: Gothic Novels and Representations of the Past, From Horace Walpole to Mary Wollstonecraft

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719095979
eISBN:
9781526115195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719095979.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines the complex, often antagonistic relationship between Walpole’s The Castle of Otranto and Hume’s The History of England (1754–62). As Walpole’s correspondence reveals, he had ... More


‘Infertile, domestically unnecessary, and jealous’: Hags, Witches and the Magic Spinster

Claire Mortimer

in Spinsters, Widows and Chars: The Ageing Woman in British Film

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474452823
eISBN:
9781399509060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474452823.003.0007
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

One of the most enduring types of female ageing in fictional texts is the witch. Representations of the witch in British film are informed by a cultural imaginary which extends back through the ... More


“Has this thing appeared again tonight?”: Deus Ex Machina and Other Theatrical Interventions of the Supernatural

Freddie Rokem

in Things: Religion and the Question of Materiality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823239450
eISBN:
9780823239498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239450.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The appearance of the supernatural on the theatrical stage as well as on the movie screen, in particular through a deus ex machina, but also in the form of ghosts or dybbuks, is still, even after the ... More


Sacrifice and Salvific Heroism in Supernatural (2005–)

Meredith E. Safran

in Epic Heroes on Screen

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781474424516
eISBN:
9781474449533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474424516.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter, approaches the mythological figure of Hercules through an indirect representation of the ancient hero, allowing us to think about issues of adaptation of ancient heroes. Rather than ... More


Introduction

Jana Funke (ed.)

in 'The World' and other unpublished works of Radclyffe Hall

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719088285
eISBN:
9781526115232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088285.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The introduction provides a critical discussion of Radclyffe Hall’s unpublished works. It traces Hall’s career as a writer of fiction and explores the relation between her published and unpublished ... More


Boundaries of the Real in Xu Xu’s Fiction

Christopher Rosenmeier

in On the Margins of Modernism: Xu Xu, Wumingshi and Popular Chinese Literature in the 1940s

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780748696369
eISBN:
9781474434805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696369.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter focuses on Xu Xu’s fiction from the 1930s and 40s, providing analyses of his main short stories and novels from this period, demonstrating how Xu’s work transitioned from modernist ... More


‘The master-key that opens every door’: Hieroglyphs, Translations and Palimpsests

Eleanor Dobson

in Writing the Sphinx: Literature, Culture and Egyptology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781474476249
eISBN:
9781474495967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474476249.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter considers the translation of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs along with advancements in printing technologies across the nineteenth century, which led to an increased hieroglyphic presence ... More


Grail and Anti-Grail

William Kinderman

in Wagner's Parsifal

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195366921
eISBN:
9780199344864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366921.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, History, Western

Klingsor’s kingdom represents the anti-Grail, and his chromatic music is pitted against the diatonic music of the Grail. This conflict is brought to a climax in the great scene between Parsifal and ... More


Punishment and Cooperation

Jan-Willem van Prooijen

in The Moral Punishment Instinct

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190609979
eISBN:
9780190610005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190609979.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

One of the core assumptions of the proposition that moral punishment is an instinct is that punishment stimulates cooperation among group members. This chapter starts with supernatural punishment, ... More


Natural and Supernatural Forces: Metaphorically Representing the ‘Jihadi Brides’

Leonie B. Jackson

in The Monstrous & the Vulnerable: Framing British Jihadi Brides

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197647332
eISBN:
9780197650288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197647332.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter considers the role of metaphor in news reporting about terrorism and shows how metaphors of natural forces, animals and the supernatural were used to represent the Islamic State group in ... More


‘Beyond the Awful Veil’: Melancholic Theology and the In-Between in Ann Radcliffe

Alison Milbank

in God & the Gothic: Religion, Romance, & Reality in the English Literary Tradition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198824466
eISBN:
9780191863257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824466.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Radcliffe’s Anglican orthodoxy is established in Chapter 4, along with her attempt through her fiction to offer a theology of mediation and participation. She works with Shaftesbury’s Platonic moral ... More


The Biblical Book of Revelation as Mythology: Apocalyptic TV

Charlotte E. Howell

in Divine Programming: Negotiating Christianity in American Dramatic Television Production 1996-2016

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190054373
eISBN:
9780190054410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190054373.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Eschatological dramas use the biblical Book of Revelation as their premise; however, despite the direct connection with the New Testament, the shows’ creatives disavow the religious nature of their ... More


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