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Some Reflections on Competition and Subsidies under the EU–Korea FTA

Jae Ho Sung

in The European Union and South Korea: The Legal Framework for Strengthening Trade, Economic and Political Relations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748668601
eISBN:
9780748684335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748668601.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains the scope and content of the provisions of the EU-Korea FTA relating to competition and subsidies. In doing so, the chapter discusses the rationale for addressing competition ... More


Subsidies

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: The WTO Agreements on Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029995
eISBN:
9780262333719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The historical development of the subsidies and countervailing duties is traced as one of the three contingent protection instruments of the WTO. The chapter discusses the two types of prohibited ... More


Strategic Use of WTO Dispute Settlement Proceedings for Advancing WTO Negotiations on Agriculture

Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann

in Reforming the World Trading System: Legitimacy, Efficiency, and Democratic Governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282623
eISBN:
9780191700224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282623.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter notes that, up to the end of General Agreement on Kennedy Round of Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the large number of GATT disputes over agricultural restrictions and subsidies influenced ... More


Lessening the Obduracy of Networked Urbanity

Taylor Dotson

in Technically Together: Reconstructing Community in a Networked World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036382
eISBN:
9780262340861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036382.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter outlines the constellation of economic, political, and cultural barriers to more communitarian urban spaces. The momentum of suburbia is shown to have as much to do with entrenched ... More


Through the Looking Glass: Subsidies to China’s Glass Industry

Usha C. V. Haley and George T. Haley

in Subsidies to Chinese Industry: State Capitalism, Business Strategy, and Trade Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199773749
eISBN:
9780199332571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773749.003.0079
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter documents the Chinese glass industry’s growth and subsidies from 2004-2008. In 2009, with 31 percent of global production, China was the world’s largest producer of glass and glass ... More


Incentives in the European Union

Philippe Gugler

in Rethinking Investment Incentives: Trends and Policy Options

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231172981
eISBN:
9780231541640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172981.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This Chapter looks at how the European Union and its individual member states are using incentives as one strategy to strengthen the attractiveness for FDI. Importantly, Gugler also describes in ... More


Understanding Contingent Protection

Aradhna Aggarwal

in The Anti-Dumping Agreement and Developing Countries: An Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195689273
eISBN:
9780199081486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195689273.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter elaborates the notion of contingent protection and the rationale of their presence within the World Trade Organization (WTO) framework. It presents an overview of articles embedded in ... More


Subsidizing the Supply of Rental Housing

Geoffrey Meen and Christine Whitehead

in Understanding Affordability: The Economics of Housing Markets

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781529211863
eISBN:
9781529211870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529211863.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Chapter 11 discusses subsidies to the supply of rental housing. The traditional approach has been to subsidise first local authorities and then housing associations to produce additional social ... More


Where Do We Go from Here?

Geoffrey Meen and Christine Whitehead

in Understanding Affordability: The Economics of Housing Markets

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781529211863
eISBN:
9781529211870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529211863.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Chapter 14 highlights the key themes of the book and their implications for policy. Although there is considerable agreement among economists with regard to the range of required policy reforms - ... More


Expansionary Measures

D. G. Webster

in Beyond the Tragedy in Global Fisheries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029551
eISBN:
9780262329972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029551.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

Expansionary management measures like subsidies also tend to be expedient and so are predicted as early responses in the fisheries action cycle. This section traces the development of expansionary ... More


Time-Consistent Climate Policies

Maria Elisa Belfiori

in Political Economy and Instruments of Environmental Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029247
eISBN:
9780262329736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029247.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The paper studies the optimal taxation of carbon emissions in a model with hyperbolic discounting. The social discount rate varies over time and a problem of time inconsistency arises. It is shown ... More


Agreement on Agriculture

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: The WTO Agreements on Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029995
eISBN:
9780262333719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on the Agreement on Agriculture, one of the two sector-specific agreements that remained outside the GATT which was reintroduced following the successful conclusion of the WTO. ... More


The Cost to Taxpayers and Subsidies to the Housing Market

Price Fishback, Jonathan Rose, and Kenneth Snowden

in Well Worth Saving: How the New Deal Safeguarded Home Ownership

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226082448
eISBN:
9780226082585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226082585.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter reviews the popular conception that the HOLC returned a small profit to taxpayers. In fact, once all of its implicit and explicit costs are taken into account, the HOLC was the source of ... More


Unresolved Issues in WTO Law

Bradly J. Condon and Tapen Sinha

in The Role of Climate Change in Global Economic Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199654550
eISBN:
9780191747953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654550.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyses unresolved issues in World Trade Organization (WTO) law that may arise from the implementation of climate change policies. These include how to deal with environmental subsidies ... More


U.S. Farm and Food Subsidies: A Short History of a Long Controversy

Sarah Ludington

in Food Fights: How History Matters to Contemporary Food Debates

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469652894
eISBN:
9781469652917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469652894.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

From its founding, the U.S. government has promoted agriculture, and since the Great Depression, has directly supported farm incomes and crop prices. Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal programs linked ... More


Technological Fundamentalism

David W. Orr

in The Nature of Design: Ecology, Culture, and Human Intention

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195148558
eISBN:
9780197562222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195148558.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Scene 1: Entry to a classroom building. With a deafening noise he revved up the two-cycle engine on a blower preparing to clean the leaves, paper, and cigarette butts that had accumulated in the ... More


2020: A Proposal

David W. Orr

in The Nature of Design: Ecology, Culture, and Human Intention

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195148558
eISBN:
9780197562222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195148558.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

By a large margin 1998 was the warmest year ever recorded. The previous year was the second warmest (IPCC 2001). A growing volume of scientific evidence indicates that, given present trends, the ... More


Scarcity Drives Economic Development: The Effect of Energy Subsidies on Export Diversification in the Middle East

Wessel N. Vermeulen

in Environmental Politics in the Middle East

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190916688
eISBN:
9780190942984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916688.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter studies the varieties of exported goods from MENA countries to gauge the impact of fossil fuel subsidies on industrial diversification. Subsidies may provide a cost advantage to MENA ... More


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