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Things That Matter?

Steven M. Cahn and Christine Vitrano

in Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172400
eISBN:
9780231539364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172400.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines Stephen Darwall's argument that “the best life for human beings is one of significant engagement in activities through which we come into appreciative rapport with agent-neutral ... More


Dealing with Darwall

Robert Stern

in The Radical Demand in Løgstrup's Ethics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198829027
eISBN:
9780191867453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829027.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter contrasts Løgstrup’s position with the account of moral obligation offered by Stephen Darwall, which bases obligation on second-personal authority. The chapter begins by setting out ... More


Divine Commands and Secular Demands: On Darwall on Anscombe on ‘Modern Moral Philosophy’

Robert Stern

in Kantian Ethics: Value, Agency, and Obligation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198722298
eISBN:
9780191789113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722298.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers Stephen Darwall’s recent attempt to overturn Elizabeth Anscombe’s claim that moral obligation only really makes sense in terms of a divine command account, where he argues that ... More


Legitimate Political Authority and Expertise

Fabienne Peter

in Legitimacy: The State and Beyond

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198825265
eISBN:
9780191863981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825265.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Can legitimate political authority be based on expertise? Stephen Darwall has argued that it cannot. According to Darwall, legitimate political authority requires a mode of justification involving ... More


Kantian Ethics: Value, Agency, and Obligation

Robert Stern

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198722298
eISBN:
9780191789113
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722298.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book contains chapters relating to the central theme of Kant’s ethics, and particularly Kant’s account of value, obligation, and agency. The book contains chapters not only on Kant himself, but ... More


The Authority of Reasons

Daniel Star

in Knowing Better: Virtue, Deliberation, and Normative Ethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199570416
eISBN:
9780191804182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570416.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter builds up to the presentation of a new argument for the account of normative reasons introduced in the previous chapter. This argument utilizes a new conception of practical authority ... More


Normativity as Natural Law

Robert Stern

in The Radical Demand in Løgstrup's Ethics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198829027
eISBN:
9780191867453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829027.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that Løgstrup’s position on the question of moral obligation is closest to a natural law outlook, not only in The Ethical Demand but also in later works when he speaks of his ... More


Recent Critics of the Rationality-to-Morality Argument

James P. Sterba

in From Rationality to Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199580767
eISBN:
9780191745836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580767.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

As one might expect, the argument from rationality to morality presented in the previous chapter has not been without its critics. In fact, the argument in its present form owes a great deal to past ... More


Consequentialism and Moral Rationalism

Douglas W. Portmore

in Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794539
eISBN:
9780199919260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794539.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter argues, on the basis of a conceptual connection between wrongdoing and blameworthiness, that we should accept moral rationalism: the view that an agent can be morally required to perform ... More


Psychopathic Resentment

John Deigh

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The egocentricity of psychopaths seems to be a plausible basis for assuming an incapacity regarding reactive attitudes. But the author refers to psychopathic characters drawn from films, who clearly ... More


Subjectivism

Thaddeus Metz

in Meaning in Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199599318
eISBN:
9780191747632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599318.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins Part III of the book, which addresses the other major theoretical perspective on meaning in life, the naturalist view that imperfect ways of living in a purely physical world can ... More


Respect

Andrew Millie

in Philosophical Criminology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781447323709
eISBN:
9781447323723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447323709.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explores a positive way forward centred on the concept of respect. This chapter unpicks the meaning of respect and whether respect for all can work alongside respect having to be earned. ... More


Humean Non-Consequentialist Ends

Michael B. Gill

in Humean Moral Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714033
eISBN:
9780191782480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714033.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many have claimed that sentimentalists in general and Hume in particular cannot accommodate the non-consequentialist aspects of our moral thinking. This criticism can be found in thinkers such as ... More


Reply to Driver and Darwall

Joshua D. Greene

in Moral Brains: The Neuroscience of Morality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199357666
eISBN:
9780199357697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357666.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter responds to the arguments made by Julia Driver and Stephen Darwall. Driver argues that more robust moral theories, including robust kinds of consequentialism and deontology, are not ... More


The Radical Demand in Løgstrup's Ethics

Robert Stern

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198829027
eISBN:
9780191867453
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829027.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book focuses on the ethics of the Danish philosopher and theologian K. E. Løgstrup (1905–81), and in particular on his key text The Ethical Demand (1956). The first part of the book provides a ... More


The Role of Disrespect in Wrongful Discrimination

Benjamin Eidelson

in Discrimination and Disrespect

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198732877
eISBN:
9780191796890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732877.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins the project of developing a disrespect-based theory of wrongful discrimination by clarifying the kind of respect (or disrespect) at issue. It argues that the relevant sort of ... More


Illocution and Interlocution

Richard Moran

in The Exchange of Words: Speech, Testimony, and Intersubjectivity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190873325
eISBN:
9780190873356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873325.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the idea of a “second-personal stance” as developed by Darwall and others, and notes some differences with the notion of “addressing” developed here, particularly with respect ... More


Why Does Ought Imply Can?

Robert Stern

in Kantian Ethics: Value, Agency, and Obligation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198722298
eISBN:
9780191789113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722298.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines different ways in which the principle that ‘ought implies can’ might be rendered plausible. This chapter sets the principle in the context of the kind of theories of obligation ... More


Appreciating the Limits of the Service Conception of Authority

Timothy Macklem

in Law and Life in Common

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198735816
eISBN:
9780191799785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735816.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

According to the service conception, made famous by Raz, law has authority over us when it enables us to do better what we otherwise have reason to do. As Raz allows, even when that is so, the ... More


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