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Two Universities of Chicago, 1857–1892

John W. Boyer

in The University of Chicago: A History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226242514
eISBN:
9780226242651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226242651.003.0002
Subject:
Education, History of Education

This chapter describes the founding of the first University of Chicago in the 1850s and its subsequent financial and organizational woes, which led to its collapse in 1886. It then explains how a ... More


“This Nebraska Business Will Entirely Denationalize the Whig Party”

Michael F. Holt

in The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195161045
eISBN:
9780199849635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161045.003.0022
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

On December 14, Iowa's Democratic Senator Augustus Dodge introduced a bill to organize the area west of Missouri and Iowa into a Nebraska Territory. The seemingly innocuous bill was immediately sent ... More


General Jackson Is Dead: James Buchanan, Stephen A. Douglas, and Kansas Policy

NICOLE ETCHESON

in James Buchanan and the Coming of the Civil War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044262
eISBN:
9780813046242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044262.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

When Kansas Territory applied for statehood under the proslavery Lecompton Constitution, the political controversy split the Democratic Party between President James Buchanan and Senator Stephen A. ... More


An F Street Mess: Federal Living Arrangements and the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854

Rachel A. Shelden

in Washington Brotherhood: Politics, Social Life, and the Coming of the Civil War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469610856
eISBN:
9781469612683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469610856.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter focuses on Stephen A. Douglas, described by one newspaper correspondent as “very short in stature, but of such physical proportions, aside from this lack, as instantly to attract the ... More


The Pursuit of Whiteness: Property, Terror, and National Expansion, 1790–1860

David R. Roediger

in Colored White: Transcending the Racial Past

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233416
eISBN:
9780520930803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233416.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter uses a dramatic moment in the 1858 Lincoln-Douglas debates as a window through which to survey the strengths, weaknesses, and gaps in recent writings on whiteness, expansion, and terror ... More


An Engine for Freedom: Popular Sovereignty and Political Convergence

Adam I. P. Smith

in The Stormy Present: Conservatism and the Problem of Slavery in Northern Politics, 1846-1865

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469633893
eISBN:
9781469633909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633893.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter shows how the doctrine of popular sovereignty retained political appeal even after the Kansas Nebraska Act. It provided the basis for a possible resolution of the national crisis by ... More


Lincoln, Douglas, and Popular Sovereignty: The Mormon Dimension

John Y. Simon, Harold Holzer, and Dawn Vogel

in Lincoln Revisited: New Insights from the Lincoln Forum

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823227365
eISBN:
9780823240869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823227365.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The famed 1858 debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas centered on Douglas's strident defense of popular sovereignty. Douglas defended the right of citizens of Kansas Territory to vote ... More


Slavery, Race, and Free Speech

in The War on Words: Slavery, Race, and Free Speech in American Literature

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226294131
eISBN:
9780226294155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226294155.003.0018
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This part of the book reasserts the importance of historical change by taking up the suggestion that the nexus of slavery, race, and free speech yielded two quite opposed types of stories. The ... More


Storm over Kansas: Slavery Expansion and the Problem of Violence

Adam I. P. Smith

in The Stormy Present: Conservatism and the Problem of Slavery in Northern Politics, 1846-1865

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469633893
eISBN:
9781469633909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633893.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter describes the impact of the Kansas Nebraska Act on Northerner’s political assumptions. The violence in the Kansas Territory that resulted from the imposition of popular sovereignty drove ... More


Fear on the Campaign Trail: The Election of 1860

Adam I. P. Smith

in The Stormy Present: Conservatism and the Problem of Slavery in Northern Politics, 1846-1865

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469633893
eISBN:
9781469633909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633893.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the campaign strategies of the two main presidential candidates in the free states in the 1860 election, Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas. Both appealed to voters’ desire ... More


James Buchanan, Dred Scott, and the Whisper of Conspiracy

PAUL FINKELMAN

in James Buchanan and the Coming of the Civil War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044262
eISBN:
9780813046242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044262.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Buchanan publicly offered support, in his inaugural address, for the outcome in Dred Scott before the Supreme Court issued its decision. Buchanan gave this preemptive endorsement after corresponding ... More


The Most Immoral and Corrupt Place in the Union: Vice, Violence, and the Caning of Charles Sumner

Rachel A. Shelden

in Washington Brotherhood: Politics, Social Life, and the Coming of the Civil War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469610856
eISBN:
9781469612683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469610856.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This describes how debate in Congress mirrored much of the tension in Kansas itself; Sumner was one of many antislavery congressmen to voice disapproval. Sumner's speech, however, stuck out primarily ... More


The Republican Party, Abraham Lincoln, and the Problem of the Constitution

Daniel W. Crofts

in Lincoln and the Politics of Slavery: The Other Thirteenth Amendment and the Struggle to Save the Union

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627311
eISBN:
9781469627335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627311.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Chapter Three shows that the Republican Party, established in the mid-1850s, was dominated by moderates—most notably, Abraham Lincoln. They insisted that the territorial issue alone best demonstrated ... More


Trusting Those Who Care for the Results, 1858

William F. Moore and Jane Ann Moore

in Collaborators for Emancipation: Abraham Lincoln and Owen Lovejoy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038464
eISBN:
9780252096341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038464.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter suggests that Abraham Lincoln's failed senatorial bid in the 1858 elections allowed him to know who really cared about the results, and that they had come to trust him. In a March 8, ... More


The President Speaks

Daniel W. Crofts

in Lincoln and the Politics of Slavery: The Other Thirteenth Amendment and the Struggle to Save the Union

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627311
eISBN:
9781469627335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627311.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Chapter Eleven begins with Abraham Lincoln’s inaugural address on March 4, 1861. He pointedly denied that he or the Republican Party intended to “interfere with the institution of slavery in the ... More


Shooting Star in Washington: Secretary of State and Senator

Matthew Mason

in Apostle of Union: A Political Biography of Edward Everett

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781469628608
eISBN:
9781469628622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628608.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter covers Everett’s time as Daniel Webster’s replacement in the State Department and his brief service as U.S. Senator from Massachusetts. It shows that 1852 and most of 1853 were a time of ... More


Waiting for Lincoln: The Election of 1860

William L. Barney

in Rebels in the Making: The Secession Crisis and the Birth of the Confederacy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190076085
eISBN:
9780190076115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076085.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Political History

The election of Abraham Lincoln, an antislavery Republican, was the catalyst secessionists had long sought for arousing Southern whites behind disunion. Southern radicals split the Democratic Party ... More


The California Mission

William Marvel

in Lincoln's Autocrat: The Life of Edwin Stanton

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469622491
eISBN:
9781469623313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622491.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines Edwin M. Stanton's California mission and its impact on his career and reputation. As Stanton and Ellen were enjoying their honeymoon, American politics became increasingly ... More


The Rebel Press, and Some Yankee Papers, Too

Berry Craig

in Kentucky's Rebel Press: Pro-Confederate Media and the Secession Crisis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813174594
eISBN:
9780813174846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174594.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Kentucky’s press reflected the deep division in the Bluegrass State in 1860–1861. Many communities had rival pro-Union and pro-Confederate papers. In Louisville, Kentucky’s largest city, the Democrat ... More


Lincoln: The Statesman as Outsider

Ralph Lerner

in Naïve Readings: Reveilles Political and Philosophic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226353296
eISBN:
9780226353326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226353326.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Not the least of Abraham Lincoln's extraordinary political achievements was his success in making general an awareness of the problem of public opinion—his nurturing of an opinion about the signal ... More


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