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Individual Freedom: Actions

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Defending a non-value-based and therefore purely empirical conception of overall freedom must involve showing how available actions can, at least in theory, be individuated and counted. The problems ... More


Freedom

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Libertarians defend a narrow version of negative freedom. Hayek defines freedom as the absence of coercion, but this position is shown to be untenable. A more common view is that laws and other such ... More


Exploitation

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

How can exploitation—in the sense of taking advantage of other people—occur in market settings? Marx understood exploitation in terms of unilateral transfers of value. Steiner and Roemer understand ... More


The Counterfactual Network

Mark Casson

in The World's First Railway System: Enterprise, Competition, and Regulation on the Railway Network in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199213979
eISBN:
9780191707469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213979.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Organization Studies

The counterfactual railway system was constructed using nine heuristic principles. The most important was the Steiner Principle, which asserts that under certain conditions an optimal railway network ... More


  Therapy: No Creature Stands Alone before God

Michael Patrick Murphy

in A Theology of Criticism: Balthasar, Postmodernism, and the Catholic Imagination

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195333527
eISBN:
9780199868896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333527.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 5 presents a reading of David Lodge's novel Therapy (1995) in light of Balthasar's Theo‐logic. Lodge does well to illustrate that the erasure of God that preoccupies postmodern consciousness ... More


The Challenge of Faithfulness

James Davison Hunter

in To Change the World: The Irony, Tragedy, and Possibility of Christianity Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730803
eISBN:
9780199777082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730803.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Two overriding characteristics of our time are difference and dissolution. The problem of difference bears on how Christians engage the world outside of their own community, while the problem of ... More


DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter shows how to use the well-known dynamic programming technique in order to design fixed-parameter algorithms. More specifically, dynamic programming solutions are presented for problems ... More


Geoffrey Hill: A ‘Question of Value’

David‐Antoine Williams

in Defending Poetry: Art and Ethics in Joseph Brodsky, Seamus Heaney, and Geoffrey Hill

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199583546
eISBN:
9780191595295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583546.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter investigates Geoffrey Hill's abiding concern with the equation of semantic and ethical recognition, his experience of language as an arena in which our ethical being is both menaced and ... More


Intersections and Networks

Barbara Goff and Michael Simpson

in Crossroads in the Black Aegean: Oedipus, Antigone, and Dramas of the African Diaspora

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199217182
eISBN:
9780191712388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217182.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Chapter One establishes the book's theoretical and methodological context by siting it within recent developments in postcolonial studies, reception studies, and theories of tragedy. Taking as its ... More


Similarity and Patterns of Generalization

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter develops the thesis that the goal of an analogical argument is to generalize a particular logical, causal or explanatory relationship. Three separate types of similarity prominent in ... More


The Why? And the How?

Gareth Wood

in Javier Marías's Debt to Translation: Sterne, Browne, Nabokov

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651337
eISBN:
9780191741180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651337.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter sets out to answer two questions: why did Marías begin to work as a translator and how does he translate. To answer the first of these, the chapter examines in detail his lecture ‘Desde ... More


The Clairvoyant States of Franz Kafka

June O. Leavitt

in The Mystical Life of Franz Kafka: Theosophy, Cabala, and the Modern Spiritual Revival

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827831
eISBN:
9780199919444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827831.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter presents the classical theory about clairvoyance and contrasts it to Kafka’s confession to Rudolph Steiner about being clairvoyant and to the discourse on clairvoyance popularized by the ... More


Introduction

June O. Leavitt

in The Mystical Life of Franz Kafka: Theosophy, Cabala, and the Modern Spiritual Revival

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827831
eISBN:
9780199919444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827831.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter presents two major implications that can be drawn from Kafka’s confession to Rudolph Steiner that he occasionally experienced states of clairvoyance while writing. First, Kafka’s prose ... More


Eco-Alchemy: Anthroposophy and the History and Future of Environmentalism

Dan McKanan

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520290051
eISBN:
9780520964389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290051.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

For the past century, initiatives inspired by Rudolf Steiner’s anthroposophy have contributed to the evolution of environmental activism. Steiner’s 1924 course of lectures on agriculture initiated ... More


Mathematical Explanation: Why it Matters

Paolo Mancosu

in The Philosophy of Mathematical Practice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199296453
eISBN:
9780191711961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296453.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter offers a broad survey of the literature on mathematical explanation, and shows the importance of this area of work for a philosophical understanding of mathematical practice and for ... More


‘One Power with a Double Aspect’: The Formation of a System of Defences

Lucy Newlyn

in Reading, Writing, and Romanticism: The Anxiety of Reception

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187110
eISBN:
9780191674631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187110.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter argues that the defence strategies that constitute Romantic ideology are visible both in the practices of individual writers, and in larger cultural and ideological trends. Just as the ... More


Applying Mathematics: Two Models

Jody Azzouni

in Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159882
eISBN:
9780199834990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159888.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Several applications of mathematics to empirical domains are described, including a small portion of Newtonian mechanics. The simplest case is one where a nonmathematical empirical description of the ... More


The Scope of Translation

Matthew Reynolds

in The Poetry of Translation: From Chaucer & Petrarch to Homer & Logue

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199605712
eISBN:
9780191731617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605712.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

The verb ‘to translate’ has had many meanings: ‘to transplant’, ‘to move’ for example. Even as applied to texts—especially literary texts—its meaning varies: Derrida's idea that there used to be a ... More


Encounters & Reflections: Conversations with Seth Benardete

Seth Benardete

Ronna Burger (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226042787
eISBN:
9780226042770
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226042770.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book presents a portrait of the life and works of Seth Benardete that reflects on both the people he knew and the topics which fascinated him throughout his career. The first part of the book ... More


Into the Mists…Subjective Realms (and the Undoing of Men?): Film's Critique of Music

Peter Franklin

in Seeing Through Music: Gender and Modernism in Classic Hollywood Film Scores

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195383454
eISBN:
9780199897032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383454.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Popular, History, Western

The project of rethinking film music within a wider cultural history is now extended more explicitly into an analysis of the relation between film music, film “pleasure,” and film women. A passage ... More


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