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State Shintō as a Heretical Secularism

Jolyon Baraka Thomas

in Faking Liberties: Religious Freedom in American-Occupied Japan

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226618791
eISBN:
9780226618968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226618968.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

When the United States Department of State abruptly announced that Shintō would be disestablished as a state religion about a month into the Occupation, it placed the occupiers in an awkward ... More


Akasaka in the High City: Born Shinto … Live Inari … Die Buddhist

Heine Steven

in Sacred High City, Sacred Low City: A Tale of Religious Sites in Two Tokyo Neighborhoods

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195386202
eISBN:
9780199918362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386202.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The third chapters examines the wide variety of shrines in Akasaka, including Sannō Hie Jinja, Toyokawa Inari, Nogi Jinja, and Hikawa Jinja, which are all dedicated to Inari, at least in part, ... More


Shinto and the Meiji State

Helen Hardacre

in Shinto

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190621711
eISBN:
9780190621742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190621711.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Examines the numerous changes, many of which were initiated within government, that resulted in Shinto becoming independent from Buddhism and assuming new public roles associated with the ... More


Shinto and Imperial Japan

Helen Hardacre

in Shinto

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190621711
eISBN:
9780190621742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190621711.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Treats Shinto from the early twentieth century until the end of World War II, when Shrines became potent symbols of home, duty, ethnic identity, the nation, and self-sacrifice. Shinto ritual ... More


The Meiji Constitutional Regime as a Secularist System

Jolyon Baraka Thomas

in Faking Liberties: Religious Freedom in American-Occupied Japan

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226618791
eISBN:
9780226618968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226618968.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Although many professional observers have treated Japanese governance in the early twentieth century as unusually oppressive, in actuality Japanese practices of religious freedom under the Meiji ... More


Out of the Spiritual Vacuum

Jolyon Baraka Thomas

in Faking Liberties: Religious Freedom in American-Occupied Japan

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226618791
eISBN:
9780226618968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226618968.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Scholars of religion eagerly took up the Occupation mandate to foster "a desire for religious freedom" in the Japanese populace. These efforts can be seen in three postwar concepts that have deeply ... More


Useful Buddhism, 1868–1945

Christopher Ives

in Imperial-Way Zen: Ichikawa Hakugen's Critique and Lingering Questions for Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833312
eISBN:
9780824870126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833312.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter provides an overview of the actions and ideology that characterized Imperial-Way Buddhism from the Meiji Restoration up to 1945. During these years, Japanese religious history is divided ... More


Faking Liberties: Religious Freedom in American-Occupied Japan

Jolyon Baraka Thomas

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226618791
eISBN:
9780226618968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226618968.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Americans occupying Japan at the close of World War II claimed to be bringing religious freedom to a country where it did not exist. They described Japan’s 1889 constitutional guarantee of religious ... More


Quick Conversions and Slow Apologies in Postwar Japan

Christopher Ives

in Imperial-Way Zen: Ichikawa Hakugen's Critique and Lingering Questions for Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833312
eISBN:
9780824870126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833312.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter outlines Ichikawa's analysis of issues that lingered after 1945 and analyzes whether postwar Zen thinkers have reflected on their wartime political stances and on that basis expressed ... More


Introduction

Jolyon Baraka Thomas

in Faking Liberties: Religious Freedom in American-Occupied Japan

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226618791
eISBN:
9780226618968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226618968.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

A widespread post-World War II narrative suggests that American occupiers liberated Japan by bringing the universal principle of religious freedom to a country captive to the particularist religion ... More


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