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Concepts and Origins: Establishing the First Chambers

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter searches for the proximate cause of chambers over 1760-1800. It reviews the discourse on ‘chambers’, how this linked with reassessing the trading relationships with the colonies, and how ... More


Mock Funerals and Mock Executions

Ann Fairfax Withington

in Toward a More Perfect Union: Virtue and the Formation of American Republics

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195068351
eISBN:
9780199853984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068351.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter delves into the mock executions and mock funerals the American colonists used as political resistance to the British oppression. In particular it looks into the year of 1764 and 1765 ... More


The Rise and Fall of the Stamp Act

Justin du Rivage

in Revolution Against Empire: Taxes, Politics, and the Origins of American Independence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300214246
eISBN:
9780300227659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300214246.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter shows why the same politicians who concluded that Pitt's war was an expensive boondoggle also pushed for the taxation of the American colonies. The Stamp Act was part of their broader ... More


The first Rockingham ministry (1765–1766): the Stamp Act Crisis

Peter D. G. Thomas

in George III: King and Politicians 1760-1770

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719064289
eISBN:
9781781700310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719064289.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the regime of Lord Rockingham as British prime minister under George III. Prime Minister Rockingham was devoid of administrative experience, and had seemingly been promoted ... More


Funerals and Politics

Ann Fairfax Withington

in Toward a More Perfect Union: Virtue and the Formation of American Republics

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195068351
eISBN:
9780199853984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068351.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines the political stance which drove the colonists to reform the customs of funerals and frugality. In 1764 and 1765, the British Parliament passed new legislation taxing American ... More


Collision with the Colonies, 1765–1774

Richard Bourke

in Empire and Revolution: The Political Life of Edmund Burke

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175652
eISBN:
9781400873456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175652.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History

Burke's parliamentary career began with a major political crisis that would loom large in national debates for a further seventeen years. The rift with America represented the most dramatic ... More


Empire: Drafting and Implementing the Quartering Act

John Gilbert McCurdy

in Quarters: The Accommodation of the British Army and the Coming of the American Revolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501736605
eISBN:
9781501736612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501736605.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines how colonial resistance to quartering British soldiers led the British Parliament to authorize the Quartering Act in 1765. Built on the ideal of the unitary empire, the ... More


“The Curse of Cowardice”: The Martial Power of the Sermon

James P. Byrd

in Sacred Scripture, Sacred War: The Bible and the American Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199843497
eISBN:
9780199345380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843497.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter narrates the important context of biblical patriotism in the military sermon. In the colonies, sermons were the most important tool for disseminating biblical interpretation. Both before ... More


Pennsylvania Politics

Edwin S. Gaustad

in Benjamin Franklin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305357
eISBN:
9780199850662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305357.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Pennsylvanian politics had a peculiar problem. By the middle of the 18th century, Quakers, as pacifists, still constituted the ruling majority in the assembly. Other segments of the population, ... More


The Grenville ministry (1763–1765): Wilkes and America

Peter D. G. Thomas

in George III: King and Politicians 1760-1770

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719064289
eISBN:
9781781700310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719064289.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on the tenure of George Grenville as British prime minister under George III. It discusses speculations regarding the resignation of Grenville's predecessor and suggests that the ... More


Testing the Bonds of Empire

William E. Nelson

in The Common Law in Colonial America: Volume IV: Law and the Constitution on the Eve of Independence, 1735-1776

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190850487
eISBN:
9780190850517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190850487.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter turns to two British laws that pushed Britain’s thirteen colonies toward revolution and independence—the Proclamation of 1763 and the Stamp Act. The Proclamation of 1763 did not lead ... More


The Stamp Act and the State of Nature

Mark Somos

in American States of Nature: The Origins of Independence, 1761-1775

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190462857
eISBN:
9780190462871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462857.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 4 begins with Warren’s Case to highlight public engagement with the state of nature discourse and reveal the pervasive importance of the state of nature in colonial reactions to the Stamp ... More


Britain’s Imperial Reckonings

Patrick Griffin

in The Townshend Moment: The Making of Empire and Revolution in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300218978
eISBN:
9780300231144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218978.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines how George and Charles Townshend addressed the crisis of sovereignty that arose in the British empire following its victory over France in the Seven Years' War. It first ... More


On the Brink

Richard Archer

in As If an Enemy's Country: The British Occupation of Boston and the Origins of Revolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199895779
eISBN:
9780190254551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199895779.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter focuses on the Stamp Act, a piece of legislation passed by the Parliament of Great Britain in 1765 to impose a direct tax on British colonies. It examines how the colonies' challenges to ... More


A Matter of Honor and a Test of Virtue: Riots, Boycotts, and Resistance during the Coming of the Revolution

Craig Bruce Smith

in American Honor: The Creation of the Nation's Ideals during the Revolutionary Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469638836
eISBN:
9781469638850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638836.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter traces the period from the end of the French and Indian War to the signing of the Declaration of Independence. It analyzes the formation of a communal sense of self before and during the ... More


“The Alienation of the Affection of the Colonies”

Peter Charles Hoffer and Williamjames Hull Hoffer

in The Clamor of Lawyers: The American Revolution and Crisis in the Legal Profession

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501726071
eISBN:
9781501726088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501726071.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

At whose door the onus for reigniting the crisis in 1767 belongs is and will remain an open question for historians. But it cannot be laid at the threshold of the revolutionary lawyers’ offices. ... More


. A Rough Beginning: Organizing a Revolution

Mark Mc Neilly

in George Washington and the Art of Business: The Leadership Principles of America's First Commander-in-Chief

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189780
eISBN:
9780199851584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189780.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the tough beginning George Washington had in organizing a revolution and its relevance to business leadership. Though Washington was a loyal subject of the crown, he had doubts ... More


Revolution: Why Farmers Fought

Richard Lyman Bushman

in The American Farmer in the Eighteenth Century: A Social and Cultural History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300226737
eISBN:
9780300235203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300226737.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Until 1774, farmers passively observed the agitation against parliamentary taxation rather than actively engaging in the anti-Parliament agitation. One reason was that the Stamp Act affected them far ... More


Colden’s Ordeal

John M. Dixon

in The Enlightenment of Cadwallader Colden: Empire, Science, and Intellectual Culture in British New York

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448034
eISBN:
9781501703515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448034.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines how Cadwallader Colden's intellectual ambitions became targets for ridicule by his opponents. It considers Colden's dispute with New York's second generation of ... More


An Accommodation of Sorts

Richard Archer

in As If an Enemy's Country: The British Occupation of Boston and the Origins of Revolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199895779
eISBN:
9780190254551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199895779.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines Boston's reaction to two pieces of legislation passed by the Parliament of Great Britain in 1766 to repeal the Stamp Act. It first considers William Pitt's call for the repeal ... More


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