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Truth and the Absence of Fact

Hartry Field

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This is a collection of papers, written over many years, with substantial postscripts tying them together and giving an updated perspective on them. The first five are on the notions of truth and ... More


Context and Content: Essays on Intentionality in Speech and Thought

Robert C. Stalnaker

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237075
eISBN:
9780191598456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237073.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A collection about the intentionality of speech acts and propositional attitudes. The chapters in the first section develop a framework for pragmatics—the study of the interaction of speech acts and ... More


A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Jonathan Bennett

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Conditionals are of two basic kinds, often called ‘indicative’ and ‘subjunctive’. This book expounds and evaluates the main literature about each kind. It eventually defends the view of Adams and ... More


Non‐Etiological Mind‐Based Externalism

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses externalist theories of mental content that do not involve the mediation of thought by language and in which history is not crucial. It argues that the asymmetric dependence ... More


ARGUMENTS AGAINST THE PROPERTY THEORY

Neil Feit

in Belief about the Self: A Defense of the Property Theory of Content

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195341362
eISBN:
9780199866922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341362.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses what seem to be the most interesting and important objections to the property theory of content. The goal of the chapter is to show that all of the objections can be answered ... More


Convention and Idiosyncrasy

Mitchell S. Green

in Self-Expression

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199283781
eISBN:
9780191712548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283781.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on how we show what's within in ways not typical of our species. A person's idiosyncratic display of an emotion, for instance, might nevertheless make that emotion perceptible if ... More


De 彻/Virtue

Stephen C. Angle

in Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385144
eISBN:
9780199869756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385144.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that we can use “virtue” as what Aaron Stalnaker has called a “bridge concept” to facilitate comparative dialogue between Neo-Confucian discussions centered around “de” and ... More


THE EVIL OF DEATH

Ben Bradley

in Well-Being and Death

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557967
eISBN:
9780191721205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557967.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter defends a difference‐making principle about the total value of an event for a person, similar to one defended by Fred Feldman. According to this principle, the value of an event for a ... More


Non‐Catastrophic Presupposition Failure

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Is there always a fact of the matter about the existence of events, sets, worlds, and arbitrary mereological sums? A prior question is, how could there fail to be a fact of the matter? This chapter ... More


Permission and (So‐Called Epistemic) Possibility

Stephen Yablo

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

David Lewis in ‘A Problem About Permission’ asks about the effect on context of permitting the previously forbidden. The set of permissible worlds expands, but how? One can ask in a similar vein ... More


Modal Logic within Counterfactual Logic

Timothy Williamson

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter argues that claims of possibility and necessity are equivalent to claims involving counterfactual conditionals, and uses the equivalences to derive basic principles of modal logic within ... More


Stalnaker on Intentionality

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Argues that there are two reasons for ascribing to mental states, structures more fine‐grained than the sets of possible world they represent: first, fine‐grained structure enters naturally into the ... More


Alternatives to Indeterminate Identity

Terence Parsons

in Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250449
eISBN:
9780191681301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250449.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines the proposal that all indeterminacy of identity is an illusion based on semantic indeterminacy. Many writers believe that it is both possible and desirable to account for the ... More


Meaning, Modality, and Possible Worlds Semantics

Scott Soames

in Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138664
eISBN:
9781400833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138664.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter begins with a discussion of Kripke-style possible worlds semantics. It considers one of the most important applications of possible worlds semantics, the account of counterfactual ... More


Apriority, Aposteriority, and Actuality

Scott Soames

in Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138664
eISBN:
9781400833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138664.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The conception of logical truth as truth in all models is attributed to Tarski, while the conception of analytic truth as one that can be reduced to logical truths is mainly attributed to Frege. We ... More


Probabilities of Conditionals and Conditional Probabilities

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this paper, the view that probabilities of conditionals are conditional probabilities is rejected on the grounds that there is no satisfactory way of interpreting a conditional connective such ... More


Attitudes De Dicto and De Se

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this wide‐ranging paper, Lewis defends the view that propositional attitudes consist in relations to properties, which themselves are sets of possible individuals. In so doing, he champions the ... More


Scorekeeping in a Language Game

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Sparked by the work of Robert Stalnaker, this paper integrates some of Lewis's views in formal semantics and formal pragmatics. Drawing an analogy with the practice of scorekeeping in baseball, Lewis ... More


Unifying the Two Kinds of Conditional

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Critical discussion of attempts by Davis, Stalnaker, Ellis, and Edgington to unify indicative and subjunctive conditionals within a single smooth theory. Edgington's work on this goes a long way, but ... More


The Equation Attacked

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Presents and evaluates a series of attacks on The Equation, i.e. the view that an indicative conditional ‘If A, C’ is a proposition whose subjective probability for you is always your conditional ... More


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