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Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth-Century Belize

Elizabeth Graham

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036663
eISBN:
9780813041834
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036663.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Most of the research concerned with early Spanish colonialism in Middle America focuses on Mexico, Yucatan, and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central America. The land that became Belize was ... More


Colonial Capital, Global City

D. R. M. Irving

in Colonial Counterpoint: Music in Early Modern Manila

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195378269
eISBN:
9780199864614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378269.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter explores the twin roles of Manila as a colonial capital and an important node in early modern global networks. It gives a historical overview of the Spanish conquest, the foundation of ... More


Yucatan and Belize on the Eve of Conquest

Elizabeth Graham

in Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth-Century Belize

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036663
eISBN:
9780813041834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036663.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter addresses Maya political and economic organization just prior to the Spanish Conquest in Yucatan, Belize, and to some extent, Peten. The nature of native Maya states and geopolitical ... More


Introduction: The Field of Discourse Production

Joel Robbins

in Converting Words: Maya in the Age of the Cross

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257702
eISBN:
9780520944916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257702.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

The Spanish conquest of Yucatán rested on two major columns, military subjugation and the so-called conquista pacífica “peaceful conquest.” The military conquest was carried out by a relatively small ... More


The Aztec Era

Ross Hassig

in War and Society in Ancient Mesoamerica

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520077348
eISBN:
9780520912281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520077348.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

Most arms and armor used by the Aztecs were available to other groups, indicating the presence of a Mesoamerica-wide military industry. Aztecs were a relatively backward people by Mesoamerican ... More


The Great Historical Arch of Andean Biodiversity

Karl S. Zimmerer

in Changing Fortunes: Biodiversity and Peasant Livelihood in the Peruvian Andes

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520203037
eISBN:
9780520917033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520203037.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses the evolution of diverse crops amid the historical transitions in farming systems and peasant livelihoods of the Andes. Beginning seven thousand years ago, early Andean ... More


The African Horizon

Andrew W. Devereux

in The Other Side of Empire: Just War in the Mediterranean and the Rise of Early Modern Spain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501740121
eISBN:
9781501740145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501740121.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter looks at the principle period of Spain's “African enterprise,” from the conquest of the Canary Islands in the 1490s up through the conquest of Tripoli in 1510. It presents comparisons of ... More


The Itza Maya Control over Cacao: Politics, Commerce, and War in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

Laura Caso Barrera and Mario Aliphat F.

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the Itza Maya and their use of cacao as a measure against the Spanish conquest. Itza, which was the last independent Maya kingdom, staunchly maintained a dynamic and active ... More


The Eastern Chimera

Andrew W. Devereux

in The Other Side of Empire: Just War in the Mediterranean and the Rise of Early Modern Spain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501740121
eISBN:
9781501740145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501740121.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter covers King Ferdinand's planned series of Levantine conquests stretching from Egypt through the Holy Land to Greece, Turkey, and eastward into Asia. While the planned conquests never ... More


War and Society in Ancient Mesoamerica

Ross Hassig

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520077348
eISBN:
9780520912281
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520077348.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This study of warfare in ancient Mesoamerica offers insight into three thousand years of Mesoamerican history, from roughly 1500 bc to the Spanish conquest. The book examines the methods, purposes, ... More


A World Apart?

Linda A. Newson

in Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832728
eISBN:
9780824870096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832728.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book examines the demographic impact of Spanish colonial rule on the Philippines. It shows that Spain's conquest and colonization of the Philippines brought fundamental changes to the political, ... More


The History of Archaeological Research in the Titicaca Basin

Charles Stanish

in Ancient Titicaca: The Evolution of Complex Society in Southern Peru and Northern Bolivia

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232457
eISBN:
9780520928190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232457.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter traces the historical development of Titicaca Basin archaeology. This research is divided into three historical periods: from the Spanish Conquest to the late eighteenth century, from ... More


The Spanish Conquest 1672–1698

Robert F. Rogers

in Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam, Revised Edition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833343
eISBN:
9780824870287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833343.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter discusses the conflict that emerged soon after San Vitores’ martyrdom. Guam’s history might have been quite different if Father San Vitores had been an ordinary missionary whose ... More


Cannabis and the Colonial Milieu

Isaac Campos

in Home Grown: Marijuana and the Origins of Mexico's War on Drugs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835388
eISBN:
9781469601809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882689_campos.6
Subject:
History, Latin American History

The use of cannabis as a source of food, fiber, medicine, and intoxicant dispersed it into the Old World and further to the New World, arriving first in New Spain. This chapter describes the ... More


The Relationship of Patronage and Legitimacy between the Catholic Church and the Peruvian State

María Soledad Escalante Beltrán

in Democracy, Culture, Catholicism: Voices from Four Continents

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823267309
eISBN:
9780823272334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267309.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Soledad Escalante’s essay offers an overview of church–state relations in Peru before, during, and after the Second Vatican Council. Two terms central to understanding this relationship are ... More


Moving into the Native Ground: Turmoil and Diplomatic Diversification in the Middle of the Century

Zoltán Biedermann

in (Dis)connected Empires: Imperial Portugal, Sri Lankan Diplomacy, and the Making of a Habsburg Conquest in Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198823391
eISBN:
9780191862106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823391.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

Much of the second half of the sixteenth century was spent, even after the brutal looting in 1551 of the most sacred site of Lankan Buddhism at Kōṭṭe, in wars during which Portuguese troops followed ... More


Epilogue, as Prologue: Futures and Their Pasts

Matthew D. O'Hara

in The History of the Future in Colonial Mexico

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780300233933
eISBN:
9780300240993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300233933.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This concluding chapter looks at the discovery of a perplexing set of documents created in New Spain. Referred to as títulos primordiales, or primordial titles, the sources described the founding of ... More


Eating Puerto Rico: A History of Food, Culture, and Identity

Cruz Miguel Ortiz Cuadra

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469608822
eISBN:
9781469612621
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9781469608846_OrtzCuadra
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Available for the first time in English, this history of the foods and eating habits of Puerto Rico unfolds into an examination of Puerto Rican society from the Spanish conquest to the present. Each ... More


Confronting Democracy’s Many Foes: Todorov’s Mellow Humanism

Fred Dallmayr

in Democracy to Come: Politics as Relational Praxis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190670979
eISBN:
9780190671006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190670979.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

In modern history, democracy’s dilemma or deficit is evident particularly in the international arena: the imposition of autocratic rule through imperialism and colonialism. In his Conquest of ... More


Politics and the Limits of Conscience

Avery Kolers

in A Moral Theory of Solidarity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198769781
eISBN:
9780191822612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769781.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Francisco de Vitoria and Bartolomé de las Casas both opposed the Spanish Conquista and both defended the rights of American Indians. Nonetheless, Vitoria ended up defending war against the Indians, ... More


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