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Defending the Protestant state The militia and invasion threats

Younger Neil

in War and politics in the Elizabethan counties: Politics, Culture and Society in Early Modern Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719083006
eISBN:
9781781704783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083006.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter addresses one of the lord lieutenancies’ most important roles, the organisation and running of the county militias intended to defend against invasion attempts. The chapter firstly looks ... More


The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

R. B. Wernham

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The defeat of the Spanish Armada did not put an end to Spanish sea power, nor to Spain's ambitions in northern Europe. By the mid-1590s, Spain had recovered from the disaster of 1588, and the renewed ... More


Saracens, Assyrians, and Spaniards: allegories of the Armada

Margaret Christian

in Spenserian Allegory and Elizabethan Biblical Exegesis: A Context for the Faerie Queene

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780719083846
eISBN:
9781526121042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083846.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

When the Spanish invasion force of 1588 met with successful English resistance and disastrous weather, losing thousands of men and 62 of 130 ships, contemporary observers and participants on both ... More


Conclusion: Perspectives

Norman Housley

in Religious Warfare in Europe 1400-1536

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552283
eISBN:
9780191716515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552283.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Europeans in the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries were strongly attracted by the idea that they could become the agents of God's will on the battlefield. The Wars of Religion flowed quite ... More


Introduction

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The middle years of the 1590s brought a sharp change in the emphasis of English policy in the war against Spain. The five or six years that followed the defeat of the 1588 Spanish Armada had seen ... More


The 1596 Armada

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

It is not surprising that the Earl of Essex failed to finish his discourse. The autumn of 1596 was an even more than usually busy time for him and his fellow Councillors. Amid all the inquisitions ... More


The Islands Voyage and the 1597 Armada

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Whether or not the Earl of Essex sincerely intended attempting to burn the Spanish Armada in Ferrol, circumstances soon made such an enterprise impracticable. After the expedition finally left ... More


The Parting of the Ways

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Upon his return, the Earl of Essex met with much friendly sympathy from his fellow Councillors and peers, including Lord Admiral Charles Howard, as well as almost undiminished adulation from the ... More


Plans and Preparations for 1597

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The alarms of the autumn of 1596 had made it abundantly clear that purely defensive action could not provide adequate answers to the threat of seaborne invasion from Spain. Such a threat was the only ... More


War and politics in the Elizabethan counties: Politics, Culture and Society in Early Modern Britain

Neil Younger

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719083006
eISBN:
9781781704783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083006.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book assesses the English national war effort during the Anglo-Spanish war (1585–1603), examining wartime government in a wide-ranging set of contexts. It looks first at political problems: the ... More


Gales and Frustrations

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The fleet that assembled in the Downs during the latter half of June 1597 was made up of sixteen of Queen Elizabeth I's ships, including thirty-three flyboats to carry the 4,000 troops levied in ... More


Partly Fearing, Partly Hoping

Patrick Collinson

in The Elizabethan Puritan Movement

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222989
eISBN:
9780191678554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222989.003.0030
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

1588 was the year of wonders for which apocalyptic calamities had been anciently prophesied and it proved a wonderful year in a better sense for the protestant England of Elizabeth. The defeat of the ... More


Rid of my Lord Oxford

in Monstrous Adversary: The Life of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236788
eISBN:
9781846313592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236788.003.0062
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

On 19 July 1588, about four weeks after Anne's interment, Spanish ships appeared off the coast of Cornwall and Devon. This chapter considers evidence of Oxford's role in the battle of the Armada. ... More


The Dutch Republic and the Spanish Empire

Matthew Kroenig

in The Return of Great Power Rivalry: Democracy versus Autocracy from the Ancient World to the U.S. and China

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190080242
eISBN:
9780190080273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080242.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the Dutch Republic’s revolt and war of independence against the Spanish Empire. In the spate of less than a century, from 1581 to 1648, the Dutch Republic went from a tiny ... More


The Widening of Horizons, 1560-1689

Ralph Davis

in The Rise of the English Shipping Industry in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780986497384
eISBN:
9781786944467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780986497384.003.0001
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter introduces the conventions of British shipping during the mid sixteenth to late seventeenth centuries, concluding in 1689, a year Davis regarded as a turning point in the growth and ... More


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