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The Atlantic Community, Germany's Role, and Western Europe's Integration, 1950–1962

Geir Lundestad

in The United States and Western Europe Since 1945: From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266685
eISBN:
9780191601057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266689.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Discusses the expansion of the cooperation established between the US and Western Europe in the period 1950–1962, and analyses the Atlantic community, Germany's role in the relationship, and Western ... More


Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961

Paul Maddrell

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267507
eISBN:
9780191708404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The years 1945-61 saw the greatest transformation in weaponry that has ever taken place, as atomic and thermonuclear bombs, intercontinental ballistic missiles and chemical and biological weapons ... More


The Fantastic Compression of Time

Edward Kaplan

in To Kill Nations: American Strategy in the Air-Atomic Age and the Rise of Mutually Assured Destruction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452482
eISBN:
9780801455506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452482.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The most important change to the air-atomic strategy in the 1950s was the compression of time. The “time factor” forced the Strategic Air Command (SAC) to act ever more rapidly: defensively so to ... More


The Shock of the “New World”

Ken Young and Warner R. Schilling

in Super Bomb: Organizational Conflict and the Development of the Hydrogen Bomb

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745164
eISBN:
9781501745171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745164.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter is an account of the impact on U.S. thinking and policy of the first Soviet atomic bomb test. It ended the U.S. monopoly of atomic weapons—a development that some had foreseen and others ... More


From Détente to the “Second Cold War”: From Kennedy to Carter

Benjamin Miller and Ziv Rubinovitz

in Grand Strategy from Truman to Trump

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226734965
eISBN:
9780226735153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226735153.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter takes off from Kennedy’s assassination and the beginning of Johnson’s administration. It then briefly overviews the eight years of Republican presidents Nixon and Ford during which ... More


The United States, Part 1: Trapped by the NSC-68 Mindset

in Paths to Peace: Domestic Coalition Shifts, War Termination and the Korean War

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762694
eISBN:
9780804772372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762694.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter explores the interacting dynamics of information and entrapment obstacles in United States decisions about prosecuting and ending the Korean War. The Truman governing coalition expanded ... More


The Cultural Revolution, 1966–1969

John W. Garver

in China's Quest: The History of the Foreign Relations of the People's Republic of China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190261054
eISBN:
9780190261085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190261054.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In 1966, Mao called forth organizations of radical youth to purge those who doubted the wisdom of his policies. China’s foreign relations were deeply affected. A strain of xenophobia emerged. All ... More


An Important Agreement: The 1948–49 North Atlantic Treaty Negotiations

Paul Poast

in Arguing about Alliances: The Art of Agreement in Military-Pact Negotiations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501740244
eISBN:
9781501740251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501740244.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter studies the 1948–49 negotiations that produced the North Atlantic Treaty. This case is useful to explore because previous scholarship on these negotiations emphasized the need to ... More


Confronting the Communists in Government: The American Response, 1944–1947

Alessandro Brogi

in Confronting America: The Cold War between the United States and the Communists in France and Italy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834732
eISBN:
9781469602950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877746_brogi.7
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the absolute and overreacting nature of the struggle between the United States and Western European Communism after World War II. The self-assigned identity and role of the ... More


Russian Phobia

KLAUS HENTSCHEL

in The Mental Aftermath: The Mentality of German Physicists 1945-1949

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199205660
eISBN:
9780191709388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205660.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Nazi propaganda had fanned fears of the Soviet threat from the East (Russian phobia). Scientific experts were particular targets of recruiters from all four Allied powers. This chapter focuses on the ... More


Conclusion

Michael Lumbers

in Piercing the Bamboo Curtain: Tentative Bridge-building to China During the Johnson Years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077784
eISBN:
9781781700808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077784.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter considers the factors underlying the relaxation of US attitudes towards China in the 1960s. It also discusses the significance of the Lyndon Baines Johnson team's tentative ... More


Conclusion: Credit Where Credit Is Due

Vince Houghton

in The Nuclear Spies: America's Atomic Intelligence Operation against Hitler and Stalin

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501739590
eISBN:
9781501739606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739590.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

Even the detonation of the first Soviet atomic bomb in August, 1949 did not convince most Americans to reconsider their perception of Soviet science. American scientific, military, and policymaking ... More


Post-Revolutionary Writings on Ballet (1922–1924)

Stanley J. Rabinowitz

in And Then Came Dance: The Women Who Led Volynsky to Ballet's Magic Kingdom

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190943363
eISBN:
9780190943400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190943363.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Dance

Continuing to view what was most likely the greatest number of preeminent ballerinas ever to have been assembled on a single stage within so brief a period of time, Volynsky recreates the vivid and ... More


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