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A Tale of Two Revolutions

Jeremy Friedman

in Shadow Cold War: The Sino-Soviet Competition for the Third World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469623764
eISBN:
9781469625188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469623764.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This introductory chapter briefly examines the clash of two revolutionary programs—the anti-imperialist revolution and the anti-capitalist one—at the height of the Cold War and decolonization via the ... More


The Ticket to the Soviet Soul: Soviet Atheism as Worldview

Victoria Smolkin

in A Sacred Space Is Never Empty: A History of Soviet Atheism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174273
eISBN:
9781400890101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174273.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines how the Soviet Communist Party tried to boost the political legitimacy of its ideological project to build Communism and produce an atheist society by addressing the people's ... More


Gorbachev's export of Perestroika to Eastern Europe: Democratisation reconsidered

Helen Hardman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719079788
eISBN:
9781781706213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079788.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book looks at the liberalisation process in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) during the period of 1987-1989, focusing on Gorbachev's initiative to encourage perestroika in all the fraternal ... More


Introduction

Victoria Smolkin

in A Sacred Space Is Never Empty: A History of Soviet Atheism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174273
eISBN:
9781400890101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174273.003.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This book discusses the history of Soviet atheism from the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 until the return of religion to public life in the final years of the Soviet Union. When the Bolsheviks seized ... More


The Specter Haunting Soviet Communism: Antireligious Campaigns under Khrushchev

Victoria Smolkin

in A Sacred Space Is Never Empty: A History of Soviet Atheism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174273
eISBN:
9781400890101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174273.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines the wave of antireligious and atheist campaigns launched during the Khrushchev era, beginning with the Hundred Days campaign of 1954 and again in 1958 until Nikita Khrushchev's ... More


The Socialist Way of Life: Soviet Atheism and Spiritual Culture

Victoria Smolkin

in A Sacred Space Is Never Empty: A History of Soviet Atheism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174273
eISBN:
9781400890101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174273.003.0008
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines how the Soviet Communist Party sought to cultivate a socialist way of life in order to overcome ideological indifference and develop atheist conviction, especially among the ... More


Rediscovering the Leninist Idea

A. James McAdams

in Vanguard of the Revolution: The Global Idea of the Communist Party

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196428
eISBN:
9781400888498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196428.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter argues that, in the first ten years after Stalin's death, the temptation to address the Soviet Union's challenges through personalistic rather than institutional means represented the ... More


Utopia’s Orphan: Soviet Atheism and the Death of the Communist Project

Victoria Smolkin

in A Sacred Space Is Never Empty: A History of Soviet Atheism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174273
eISBN:
9781400890101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174273.003.0009
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This conclusion examines the demise of the Communist project, along with its vision to create an atheist society. Over the course of its history, Soviet atheism developed through direct engagement ... More


A Sacred Space Is Never Empty: A History of Soviet Atheism

Victoria Smolkin

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174273
eISBN:
9781400890101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174273.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

When the Bolsheviks set out to build a new world in the wake of the Russian Revolution, they expected religion to die off. Soviet power used a variety of tools—from education to propaganda to ... More


The Conference as a Policy Choice: The CPSU Conference, 1905–41

Helen Hardman

in Gorbachev's export of Perestroika to Eastern Europe: Democratisation reconsidered

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719079788
eISBN:
9781781706213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079788.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews conferences held between 1905 and 1941 for the purpose of projecting what the conference represented as a policy choice for Gorbachev in 1988. As discussed in Chapter 1, in the ... More


Institutionalizing Soviet Islam, 1944‒1958

Eren Tasar

in Soviet and Muslim: The Institutionalization of Islam in Central Asia, 1943-1991

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190652104
eISBN:
9780190652135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652104.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter focuses on the Council for the Affairs of Religious Cults (CARC), created by Stalin in 1944 in order to supervise all officially recognized religions in the USSR with the exception of ... More


A Comment by Phünwang

Melvyn C. Goldstein, Dawei Sherap, and William R. Siebenschuh

in A Tibetan Revolutionary: The Political Life and Times of Bapa Phuntso Wangye

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240896
eISBN:
9780520940307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240896.003.0027
Subject:
History, Asian History

Phüntso Wangye agreed to Melvyn Goldstein to give statements for the epilogue of this book. First, in the decade up to and including 1949, there was a struggle to achieve progress and development for ... More


The Rehabilitation of Young Communists

Seth Bernstein

in Raised under Stalin: Young Communists and the Defense of Socialism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709883
eISBN:
9781501709388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709883.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The Great Terror created a poisonous political atmosphere that cast doubt upon the party. In 1938, party and Komsomol leaders attempted to moderate repression within political society to prevent ... More


‘A state of confusion which at times amounted almost to chaos’: MI5 1939–41

Charmian Brinson and Richard Dove

in A matter of intelligence: MI5 and the surveillance of anti-Nazi refugees, 1933-50

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719090790
eISBN:
9781781707357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090790.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter deals with MI5's problems in the years 1939-41. According to its own internal history, written in 1946 by John Curry, MI5 was ‘in a state of confusion amounting almost to chaos’ for most ... More


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