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“Beat IBM,” Entrepreneurial Bureaucracy: A Contradiction in Terms?

Seiichiro Yonekura

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter argues that Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), whether fortuitously or otherwise, hit upon a strategy for the computer industry, which called for coordination ... More


The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Benjamin H. Bratton

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Planetary-scale computation presents a fundamental challenge to Modern geopolitical architectures. As calculative reason and as global infrastructure, it not only deforms and distorts Westphalian ... More


The Political Economy of Digital Monopolies: Contradictions and Alternatives to Data Commodification

Pasko Bilic, Toni Prug, and Mislav Žitko

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529212372
eISBN:
9781529212402
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529212372.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Digital platforms have come under intense scrutiny from scholars, policy makers, regulators, and the general public for their immense and yet largely opaque influence on the social and economic ... More


Software Copyright in the Cloud1

Lothar Determann and David Nimmer

in Regulating the Cloud: Policy for Computing Infrastructure

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029407
eISBN:
9780262331166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029407.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

Clouds are on the horizon for software copyrights. The open source movement has been active to turn copyright into “copyleft”. Courts around the world are reshaping the first sale doctrine. Software ... More


On Representation

Seb Franklin

in Control: Digitality as Cultural Logic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029537
eISBN:
9780262331135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029537.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter considers exclusion as an unmarked but fundamental principle of control, and thus as a central concern for contemporary theories of representation. Beginning from Neferti X.M. Tadiar’s ... More


Analog Agency in a Digital World

Nathan Cortez

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0031
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter examines how the FDA has regulated computer hardware and software the last 40 years, finding several recurrent problems that neither the agency nor Congress has effectively addressed. ... More


Fix IT: See and solve the problems of digital healthcare

Harold Thimbleby

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780198861270
eISBN:
9780191893339
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198861270.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

We can’t get healthcare without computers. This book shows that digital healthcare is riskier than you thought. Until digital healthcare improves, digital risk means that patients will be harmed ... More


The Free Software Paradigm and the Hacker Ethic

Richard Stallman and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0022
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This dialogue is preceded by an introduction about Richard Stallman and the power of “code”, by Lawrence Lessing, as well as a detailed biography of Richard revised by himself. In the conversation ... More


Digital Inclusion in the Global South: Work Globally, Act Locally

Betsy Beaumon

in Accessible Technology and the Developing World

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780198846413
eISBN:
9780191881572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846413.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction, Systems Analysis and Design

How can the next generation of digital products and servces best serve individuals with disabilities in the Global South? Local advocates, content, and tool developers can leverage global digital ... More


Copyright in the Digital Single Market: Article-by-Article Commentary to the Provisions of Directive 2019/790

Eleonora Rosati

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198858591
eISBN:
9780191890772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858591.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This book provides an article-by-article commentary to the provisions of the 2019 EU Directive on copyright in the Digital Single Market. It investigates the history, objectives, and content of ... More


Epilogue

Eaton E. Lattman, Thomas D. Grant, and Edward H. Snell

in Biological Small Angle Scattering: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780199670871
eISBN:
9780191749575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199670871.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter summarizes the book, describes publications that provide complementary information, and sets the tone for the future.


Production, Circulation, and the Science of Forms: Theoretical Foundations

Paško Bilić, Toni Prug, and Mislav Žitko

in The Political Economy of Digital Monopolies: Contradictions and Alternatives to Data Commodification

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529212372
eISBN:
9781529212402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529212372.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

In Chapter 2 the authors explain the pivotal role of value-form analysis, discuss the internal association of value and money and present various approaches to Marxian understanding of the unity of ... More


Controlling, Processing, and Commercializing Data

Paško Bilić, Toni Prug, and Mislav Žitko

in The Political Economy of Digital Monopolies: Contradictions and Alternatives to Data Commodification

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529212372
eISBN:
9781529212402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529212372.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Chapter 6 starts by discussing privatisation and commercialisation of knowledge on digital platforms in the form of Free Software inputs and publicly funded science and research. Corporate ... More


Softwares

David Jhave Johnston

in Aesthetic Animism: Digital Poetry's Ontological Implications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034517
eISBN:
9780262334396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034517.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Software defines what digital poetry is. This chapter explores the temporal implications of animation time lines on the literary imagination. Read it if you are concerned with software studies and/or ... More


The Internet of Things You Don’t Own

Aaron Perzanowski and Jason Schultz

in The End of Ownership: Personal Property in the Digital Economy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035019
eISBN:
9780262335959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035019.003.0008
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

The smart devices that make up the Internet of Things induce consumers to cede control over the products they buy. Devices like smartphones offer real benefits, but combined with embedded software, ... More


The Circuit Riders Respond: Conventions of Coordination as Movements React to Markets

Paul-Brian McInerney

in From Social Movement to Moral Market: How the Circuit Riders Sparked an IT Revolution and Created a Technology Market

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804785129
eISBN:
9780804789066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785129.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter shows how competition among groups shapes moral markets. It explains how the Circuit Riders engaged with the new dominant actor in nonprofit technology assistance, NPower. Through ... More


Making the Invisible Visible: Designing Technology for Nonliterate Hunter-Gatherers

Jerome Lewis

in Subversion, Conversion, Development: Cross-Cultural Knowledge Exchange and the Politics of Design

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027168
eISBN:
9780262322492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027168.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Hunter-gatherer land-use in the Congo Basin leaves few traces. One consequence is that their presence is invisible on maps and ignored in land-use planning decisions over the areas they inhabit. ... More


Structuring the Social: Inside Software Design

Alan F. Blackwell

in Subversion, Conversion, Development: Cross-Cultural Knowledge Exchange and the Politics of Design

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027168
eISBN:
9780262322492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027168.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter describes the role of ethnography within a technical design process, as understood from an engineering perspective. It pays particular attention to the distinction between research ... More


Defending Software Systems against Cyber Attacks throughout Their Lifecycle

Hira Agrawal, Thomas F. Bowen, and Sanjai Narain

in Advances in Cyber Security: Technology, Operations, and Experiences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823244560
eISBN:
9780823268948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823244560.003.0003
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

Malware enters a software system along three avenues: it is hidden surreptitiously within applications by a malicious developer; it is inserted into the system due to an accidental or a deliberate ... More


Interoperability Overseas

Jonathan Band and Masanobu Katoh

in Interfaces on Trial 2.0

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015004
eISBN:
9780262295543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015004.003.0005
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter reviews the interoperability debate in the Pacific Rim, with stops in Australia, Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea, and the Philippines. It discusses the Copyright Amendment Act of 1984 ... More


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