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“Beat IBM,” Entrepreneurial Bureaucracy: A Contradiction in Terms?

Seiichiro Yonekura

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter argues that Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), whether fortuitously or otherwise, hit upon a strategy for the computer industry, which called for coordination ... More


The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Benjamin H. Bratton

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Planetary-scale computation presents a fundamental challenge to Modern geopolitical architectures. As calculative reason and as global infrastructure, it not only deforms and distorts Westphalian ... More


Software Copyright in the Cloud1

Lothar Determann and David Nimmer

in Regulating the Cloud: Policy for Computing Infrastructure

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029407
eISBN:
9780262331166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029407.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

Clouds are on the horizon for software copyrights. The open source movement has been active to turn copyright into “copyleft”. Courts around the world are reshaping the first sale doctrine. Software ... More


On Representation

Seb Franklin

in Control: Digitality as Cultural Logic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029537
eISBN:
9780262331135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029537.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter considers exclusion as an unmarked but fundamental principle of control, and thus as a central concern for contemporary theories of representation. Beginning from Neferti X.M. Tadiar’s ... More


Analog Agency in a Digital World

Nathan Cortez

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0031
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter examines how the FDA has regulated computer hardware and software the last 40 years, finding several recurrent problems that neither the agency nor Congress has effectively addressed. ... More


The Free Software Paradigm and the Hacker Ethic

Richard Stallman and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0022
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This dialogue is preceded by an introduction about Richard Stallman and the power of “code”, by Lawrence Lessing, as well as a detailed biography of Richard revised by himself. In the conversation ... More


Epilogue

Eaton E. Lattman, Thomas D. Grant, and Edward H. Snell

in Biological Small Angle Scattering: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780199670871
eISBN:
9780191749575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199670871.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter summarizes the book, describes publications that provide complementary information, and sets the tone for the future.


Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sequential organization difficulties

Mark Selikowitz

in Dyslexia and Other Learning Difficulties: The Facts

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780192622990
eISBN:
9780191918391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192622990.003.0016
Subject:
Education, Teaching of Specific Groups and Special Educational Needs

This chapter deals with two separate areas of learning: attention and sequential organization. Difficulties in either area can occur in isolation or in ... More


A Formal Justification for the Application of GIS to the Cultural Ecological Analysis of Land-Use Intensification and Deforestation in the Amazon

Clifford A. Behrens

in Anthropology, Space, and Geographic Information Systems

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195085754
eISBN:
9780197560495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195085754.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

What is the process by which indigenous Amazonian people intensify their utilization of tropical forest resources, and what are the roles of population demography, ... More


Softwares

David Jhave Johnston

in Aesthetic Animism: Digital Poetry's Ontological Implications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034517
eISBN:
9780262334396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034517.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Software defines what digital poetry is. This chapter explores the temporal implications of animation time lines on the literary imagination. Read it if you are concerned with software studies and/or ... More


A Guide to Informatics in Flow Cytometry

Adam Treister

in Flow Cytometry for Biotechnology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195183146
eISBN:
9780197561898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195183146.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Flow cytometry is a result of the computer revolution. Biologists used fluorescent dyes in microscopy and medicine almost a hundred years before the first ... More


The Internet of Things You Don’t Own

Aaron Perzanowski and Jason Schultz

in The End of Ownership: Personal Property in the Digital Economy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035019
eISBN:
9780262335959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035019.003.0008
Subject:
Information Science, Library Science

The smart devices that make up the Internet of Things induce consumers to cede control over the products they buy. Devices like smartphones offer real benefits, but combined with embedded software, ... More


The Circuit Riders Respond: Conventions of Coordination as Movements React to Markets

Paul-Brian McInerney

in From Social Movement to Moral Market: How the Circuit Riders Sparked an IT Revolution and Created a Technology Market

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804785129
eISBN:
9780804789066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785129.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter shows how competition among groups shapes moral markets. It explains how the Circuit Riders engaged with the new dominant actor in nonprofit technology assistance, NPower. Through ... More


Making the Invisible Visible: Designing Technology for Nonliterate Hunter-Gatherers

Jerome Lewis

in Subversion, Conversion, Development: Cross-Cultural Knowledge Exchange and the Politics of Design

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027168
eISBN:
9780262322492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027168.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

Hunter-gatherer land-use in the Congo Basin leaves few traces. One consequence is that their presence is invisible on maps and ignored in land-use planning decisions over the areas they inhabit. ... More


Structuring the Social: Inside Software Design

Alan F. Blackwell

in Subversion, Conversion, Development: Cross-Cultural Knowledge Exchange and the Politics of Design

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027168
eISBN:
9780262322492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027168.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter describes the role of ethnography within a technical design process, as understood from an engineering perspective. It pays particular attention to the distinction between research ... More


Defending Software Systems against Cyber Attacks throughout Their Lifecycle

Hira Agrawal, Thomas F. Bowen, and Sanjai Narain

in Advances in Cyber Security: Technology, Operations, and Experiences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823244560
eISBN:
9780823268948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823244560.003.0003
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

Malware enters a software system along three avenues: it is hidden surreptitiously within applications by a malicious developer; it is inserted into the system due to an accidental or a deliberate ... More


Interoperability Overseas

Jonathan Band and Masanobu Katoh

in Interfaces on Trial 2.0

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015004
eISBN:
9780262295543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015004.003.0005
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter reviews the interoperability debate in the Pacific Rim, with stops in Australia, Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea, and the Philippines. It discusses the Copyright Amendment Act of 1984 ... More


Visual Analytics as Artful Revelation

Catelijne Coopmans

in Representation in Scientific Practice Revisited

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262525381
eISBN:
9780262319157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262525381.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter explores how relations between seeing and knowing are articulated in efforts to promote “visual analytics”: the practice of extracting insights from large datasets with the help of ... More


The Pillars of MIT: Innovation, Radical Meritocracy, and Open Knowledge

Hal Abelson and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, Hal Abelson the acclaimed professor, scientist and distinguished member of MIT CSAIL, and co-chair of the MIT Council on Educational Technology (MITCET), firstly discusses the ... More


Engineering a Solution

Nathan Ensmenger

in The Computer Boys Take Over: Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262050937
eISBN:
9780262289351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262050937.003.0008
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter examines the history of the emergence of software engineering during the period from 1968 to 1972. It explains that the term software engineering was first used by hardware engineer J. ... More


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