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 Christian Naturalism

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

William Bentley's Arminianism was hardly unique to him, but he also addressed other, more deep‐seated problems surrounding claims about God's attributes and God's power. These were problems that ... More


Republicanism and Religion: The American Exception

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Outside the American context, republican ideology had always been seen as a pernicious influence upon religious life. According to orthodox Christians in the Old World, especially in Britain, ... More


‘The Church in Danger’: Latitudinarians, Socinians, and Hobbists

Ann Thomson

in Bodies of Thought: Science, Religion, and the Soul in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199236190
eISBN:
9780191717161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236190.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter opens with an analysis of the intellectual climate in late 17th‐century England, beginning with politico‐religious debates, in particular the complex struggles inside and outside the ... More


Milton and the European Contexts of Toleration

Nigel Smith

in Milton and Toleration

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199295937
eISBN:
9780191712210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295937.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter provides a framework for the other chapters in this volume by locating Milton in a broad tradition of intellectual freedom of belief associated with elite groups in Europe. From this ... More


Milton, Marvell and Toleration

Nicholas von Maltzahn

in Milton and Toleration

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199295937
eISBN:
9780191712210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295937.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

John Milton and Andrew Marvell have been celebrated as apostles of religious toleration, long seen as a defining value of liberalism. In their own lifetimes, they won some praise for what they wrote ... More


It Is Written: Paradise Regained: Words that Count

Annabel Annabel

in Milton's Words

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573462
eISBN:
9780191702112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573462.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Milton Studies

This chapter examines the importance of the keyword Scripture in John Milton's epic poem Paradise Regained. In this work Milton confronted the special status of biblical texts and gave Scripture a ... More


English Calvinism in a New Era

Dewey D. Wallace, Jr.

in Shapers of English Calvinism, 1660–1714: Variety, Persistence, and Transformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744831
eISBN:
9780199897339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744831.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter provides foundation and context for the Calvinist thinkers analyzed in later chapters. Calvinism and the Reformed Tradition are defined, and the relative merits of the terms assessed, ... More


John Edwards: Church of England Calvinist

Dewey D. Wallace, Jr.

in Shapers of English Calvinism, 1660–1714: Variety, Persistence, and Transformation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744831
eISBN:
9780199897339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744831.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The last Calvinist discussed in this book is John Edwards, whose father Thomas Edwards had been a Puritan heresiographer. Nonetheless he conformed to the Church of England in 1660, picturing himself ... More


Socinianism and the Social, Psychological, and Cultural Roots of Enlightenment

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the growth of the religious movement called Socinianism. Socinianism during the Early Enlightenment in the western world was always regarded as essentially a spiritual ... More


Religious Controversy

Nicholas Tyacke

in The History of the University of Oxford: Volume IV Seventeenth-Century Oxford

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199510146
eISBN:
9780191700958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199510146.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Two spectres, often indistinguishable, haunted many theologians in England during the 17th century. They called one popery and the other by the names of Arminianism and Socinianism, seeing their ... More


The Church in Danger!

F. C. MATHER

in High Church Prophet: Bishop Samuel Horsley (1733–1806) and the Caroline Tradition in the Later Georgian Church

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202271
eISBN:
9780191675263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202271.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

The drive to enlarge the toleration of Protestant Dissenters beyond the boundaries of the 1689 Act encountered little success in the late 1780s and the 1790s. The struggle was important chiefly for ... More


The Nature of Milton's Son and his Justification of Men's Ways to God: Things Indifferent?

Russell M. Hillier

in Milton's Messiah: The Son of God in the Works of John Milton

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199591886
eISBN:
9780191725326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591886.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Milton Studies, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter examines Milton's theological and poetic treatment of the Son of God and the work of salvation and challenges the prevailing trend in Milton studies that Milton's theology adheres to ... More


Institutions: Church

NEIL KENNY

in The Uses of Curiosity in Early Modern France and Germany

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199271368
eISBN:
9780191709531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271368.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter investigates uses of curiosity by the church, both Catholic and Protestant, in both France and the Germanic territories. Unlike universities, the church already had a long history of ... More


Edwards's Intellectual Context

Michael J. McClymond and Gerald R. McDermott

in The Theology of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791606
eISBN:
9780199932290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791606.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter clarifies Edwards's intellectual context by debunking three false dichotomies often associated with the eighteenth century: faith versus reason, Catholic scholasticism versus Protestant ... More


Leibniz's Program: The Plan of Catholic Demonstrations

Maria Rosa Antognazza

in Leibniz on the Trinity and the Incarnation: Reason and Revelation in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100747
eISBN:
9780300144987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100747.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

At twenty-two years of age, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz drew up a “plan of catholic demonstrations” (Demonstrationum Catholicarum Conspectus) that encompassed the whole of theology as well as the first ... More


The Early Polemic against the Socinians

Maria Rosa Antognazza

in Leibniz on the Trinity and the Incarnation: Reason and Revelation in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100747
eISBN:
9780300144987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100747.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In the Demonstrationum Catholicarum Conspectus, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz committed himself to the “Depulsio Telorum Socinianorum” (“Driving Away of the Darts of the Socinians”). Here Leibniz ... More


Islam, Kabbalah, and the Trinity: The Polemic regarding the Historical Dissertations by M. V. de La Croze

Maria Rosa Antognazza

in Leibniz on the Trinity and the Incarnation: Reason and Revelation in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100747
eISBN:
9780300144987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100747.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

After so many battles with the Socinians, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz found himself being accused of Antitrinitarianism during the last decade of his life. This began in 1707, when Mathurin Veyssières ... More


Byron, Milton, and Doctrines of Christian Liberty: Cain and Paradise Regained

Joan Blythe

in Liberty and Poetic Licence: New Essays on Byron

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853235897
eISBN:
9781846315428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853235897.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter examines the relationship between Milton's Paradise Regained and Byron's Cain. It compares these two works with particular emphasis on the concepts of intellectual freedom and Christian ... More


Challenges to the classical paradigm of the cross, and the emergence of a new paradigm of salvation

Richard Viladesau

in The Pathos of the Cross: The Passion of Christ in Theology and the Arts-The Baroque Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199352685
eISBN:
9780199352708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199352685.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines the challenges to traditional interpretations of soteriology presented by Socinianism and other early Enlightenment movements. Socinian theology worked on two basic premises: ... More


Bayle, the Bible, and the Remonstrant Tradition at the Time of the Commentaire philosophique

Maria-Cristina Pitassi

in Scriptural Authority and Biblical Criticism in the Dutch Golden Age: God's Word Questioned

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198806837
eISBN:
9780191844379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806837.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Bayle’s equivocal relationship to Arminianism is here examined from the perspective of the status of the Bible. Though rejecting the doctrine that every word was to be considered divinely inspired, ... More


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