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Internal Revolutions: The Hicksite Schism and Its Consequences

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the causes and ramifications of the 1827–1828 Hicksite-Orthodox split among Friends, arguing that theological and personality differences sparked the divide. In the 1820s, ... More


Finding a Path of Virtue in a Revolutionary World

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines how Friends' pacifism during the American Revolution, coupled with their decision to end slaveholding, led white Virginians to suspect Friends' patriotism. Following the example ... More


A “Nest of Abolitionists”: Antislavery Goals and Southern Identities

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines Quaker antislavery after 1830, arguing that Friends' activism was constrained by the white community's growing intolerance of dissent and by Friends' economic and cultural ... More


Friends Come to Northern Virginia

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explains why Pennsylvania Friends' settled in northern Virginia after 1730: to obtain cheap land that they believed necessary to maintain their religious households and ensure the ... More


Embracing “the Oppressor as Well as the Oppressed”: Quaker Antislavery before 1830

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 4 explores northern Virginia Friends' antislavery efforts before 1830 and the reasons they adopted deferential and gradualist tactics, including colonization. Friends condemned slavery ... More


Strengthening the Bonds of Fellowship: The Domestic and Public Lives of Quaker Women

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 6 considers the impact of western movement on northern Virginia's Quaker women. Migration disrupted economic bonds forged by Quaker merchants and farmers and produced a growing gender ... More


“The Union Forever”: Northern Virginia Quakers in the Civil War

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 8 examines the experience of northern Virginia's Friends during the Civil War. Friends faced arrest, conscription, and imprisonment from hostile Confederate forces and confiscation of their ... More


Holy Nation: The Transatlantic Quaker Ministry in an Age of Revolution

Sarah Crabtree

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226255767
eISBN:
9780226255934
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226255934.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Holy Nation reconstructs the transnational religious community forged by the Society of Friends during the Age of Revolution. It utilizes the public and private writings of 76 ministers (40 male and ... More


The “Worldly Cares and Business” of Friends

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 3 explores the way in which Quaker business ethics and success, and Friends' economic contributions to the regional economy, their civic concerns, and social respectability enabled them ... More


Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

A. Glenn Crothers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book explores the experience of the Society of Friends (Quakers) in northern Virginia between the 1730s and 1865. The spiritual convictions of this religious minority, particularly the belief in ... More


Quaker Holiness

Roger Glenn Robins

in A. J. Tomlinson: Plainfolk Modernist

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195165913
eISBN:
9780199835454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165918.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Ambrose Jessup Tomlinson stepped into the prevailing winds of holiness when he joined the Chester Preparative of the Westfield Monthly Meeting in 1889. By this time, holiness had flourished in the ... More


Quakers: Elizabeth Fry and ‘Reading’

Timothy Larsen

in A People of One Book: The Bible and the Victorians

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199570096
eISBN:
9780191725661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570096.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Biblical Studies

A Quaker minister, Elizabeth Fry is famous for her work as a prison reformer. Central to this work, however, was scriptural reading as a key component in the rehabilitation of prisoners. For Fry, the ... More


The Dissenting Voice of Elizabeth Heyrick: An Exploration of the Links Between Gender, Religious Dissent, and Anti-Slavery Radicalism

Clare Midgley

in Women, Dissent, and Anti-Slavery in Britain and America, 1790–1865

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199585489
eISBN:
9780191728969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585489.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Elizabeth Heyrick's 1824 pamphlet Immediate, not Gradual Abolition challenged the policy of amelioration and gradual emancipation adopted by the Anti-Slavery Society in Britain at its foundation in ... More


Relapse, June 1882–August 1898

Martin Ceadel

in Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Peace activism underwent a disappointing relapse during the intervention of Britain in Egypt and Sudan. The established primary movement faltered through difficulties in both financial and ... More


Guides to Holiness

Roger Glenn Robins

in A. J. Tomlinson: Plainfolk Modernist

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195165913
eISBN:
9780199835454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165918.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Between 1895 and 1898, financial tribulation and spiritual discontent motivated Tomlinson to break away from the Society of Friends and embark on a lifetime of radical holiness ministry. Tomlinson ... More


Introduction

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

George Walton, captain of a merchant ship from Perquimans County, North Carolina, who had only recently joined the Quakers, had a long, complex, and vivid dream during the night of 17 December 1772. ... More


The limits of the light: silence and slavery in Quaker narratives of journeys to America and Barbados

Hilary Hinds

in George Fox and Early Quaker Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719081576
eISBN:
9781781702383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081576.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter focuses on the seventeenth-century Quaker presence in transatlantic English colonies in the Caribbean and North America. Its starting point is a puzzling discrepancy between Quaker ... More


Prologue: Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The prologue introduces Samuel M. Janney, Quaker minister, educator, historian, and antislavery activist. His 1849 arrest by a Loudoun County, Virginia, grand jury for inciting slave revolt ... More


Portrait of the Patriarch as a Young Man

Roger Glenn Robins

in A. J. Tomlinson: Plainfolk Modernist

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195165913
eISBN:
9780199835454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165918.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter chronicles the life of Ambrose Jessup Tomlinson from childhood to adulthood. A.J. enjoyed a fair amount of privilege as the only son of his grandparents’ eldest child, and as a member of ... More


Epilogue: Conflicting Paths of Virtue in Nineteenth-Century America

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The epilogue briefly traces Friends' post-Civil War efforts to aid freedpeople and Native Americans in Nebraska. More important, it raises broad philosophical questions about the issue of means and ... More


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