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Party Organization and Party Performance: The Case of the French Socialist Party

Serenella Sferza

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Much of the literature on parties centres on decline and failure, but recently the decline hypothesis has come under attack on both empirical and theoretical grounds, and this has exposed major ... More


The Dynamics of Political Normalization, Summer 1945–February 1946

Martin Conway

in The Sorrows of Belgium: Liberation and Political Reconstruction, 1944-1947

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694341
eISBN:
9780191738401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694341.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The period from the summer of 1945 to the first post-war elections in February 1946 saw the reconstruction of Belgian politics around the twin poles of the Socialist and Catholic parties. This ... More


Rocking Against Racism: Trotskyism, Communism, and Punk in Britain

Jeremy Tranmer

in Red Strains: Music and Communism Outside the Communist Bloc

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265390
eISBN:
9780191760440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265390.003.0018
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Rock Against Racism was one of the most dynamic and innovative British social movements of the 1970s, bringing together music fans and left-wing activists in the struggle against the far-right ... More


Conclusion

DIRK SPILKER

in The East German Leadership and the Division of Germany: Patriotism and Propaganda 1945-1953

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199284122
eISBN:
9780191712579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284122.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The German communists who resumed their work in Soviet-occupied eastern Germany in the dying days of World War II were determined to exploit the existing power vacuum and seize — with help from the ... More


Economic Conflict and Political Realignment, February 1946–March 1947

Martin Conway

in The Sorrows of Belgium: Liberation and Political Reconstruction, 1944-1947

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694341
eISBN:
9780191738401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694341.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The elections of February 1946 produced a clear victor in the form of the new Catholic Party (the CVP-PSC), but the inability of the Catholic political leaders and their Socialist opponents to reach ... More


Majorities without Mandates: Issues and Elections in the Spring of 1924

Charles S. Maier

in Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade after World War I

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691169798
eISBN:
9781400873708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169798.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines issues arising from the elections that were held in France, Germany, and Italy in the spring of 1924, asking in particular whether the elections could resolve the political ... More


Behind the Berlin Wall: East Germany and the Frontiers of Power

Patrick Major

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199243280
eISBN:
9780191714061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243280.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Few historical changes occur literally overnight, but on 13 August 1961 18 million East Germans awoke to find themselves walled in by an edifice which was to become synonymous with the Cold War: the ... More


The Abortion Debates in Belgium 1974–1990

Karen Celis

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It took 15 years and many debates before women's movement activists persuaded the Belgian politicians to liberalize the old abortion law dating from the Napoleonic Penal code of 1910. In this ... More


Gendering Abortion Debates: State Feminism in Spain

Celia Valiente

in Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242665
eISBN:
9780191600258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242666.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

After the establishment of a democratic constitution in Spain, the Socialist government included abortion law reform on its agenda to modernize Spanish policy in line with other European democracies. ... More


Divisions and Deadlock on the Left

Burnett Bolloten

in The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624464
eISBN:
9781469624488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the widening rifts within the Socialist party as two major factions came to the fore: the majority, led by Francisco Largo Caballero, advocated revolutionary ideals while the ... More


Dissolution of the Nazi Party and its Affiliated Organizations: (July 22, 1944)

Herbert Marcuse

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0017
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter proposes the dissolution of the Nazi Party and its affiliated organizations. The reports suggests When the Allies march into Nazi Germany, they will probably find the regime in a state ... More


The East German Leadership and the Division of Germany: Patriotism and Propaganda 1945-1953

Dirk Spilker

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199284122
eISBN:
9780191712579
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284122.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Would it have been possible to build a unified and democratic Germany half a century before the fall of the Berlin Wall? This book reassesses this question by exploring Germany's division after World ... More


The Political Demise of Largo Caballero. The UGT and CNT Sign a Pact of Unity.

Burnett Bolloten

in The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624464
eISBN:
9781469624488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0053
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the combined efforts of the Communists and the centrists in the Socialist party to exact Largo Caballero's political undoing. To dislodge Largo Caballero from his bastion in ... More


The Outbreak of World War I and the Socialist “War on War”

Elizabeth McKillen

in Making the World Safe for Workers: Labor, the Left, and Wilsonian Internationalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037870
eISBN:
9780252095139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037870.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the role played by the Socialist Party in shaping the political debate over Woodrow Wilson's neutrality and preparedness policies following the outbreak of World War I. It ... More


Nationwide Goals and Zonal Priorities:The KPD/SED and the German Question from Potsdam to Bizonia

DIRK SPILKER

in The East German Leadership and the Division of Germany: Patriotism and Propaganda 1945-1953

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199284122
eISBN:
9780191712579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284122.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter deals with the German Question and the attitudes of the Soviet Union and the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) towards it. It argues that, with Moscow's backing, the SED leaders ... More


Adolf Hitler: The Political Emotionasaurus Rex

KEITH KEITH

in The Arts of Leadership

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244898
eISBN:
9780191697401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244898.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

This chapter's focus is on Adolf Hitler, as well as his Aryan race, who did more than anyone else to bring the twentieth century to its knees through mass destruction and genocide. It notes that the ... More


Introduction

ALAN McDOUGALL

in Youth Politics in East Germany: The Free German Youth Movement 1946-1968

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199276271
eISBN:
9780191706028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276271.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of how throughout the 20th century, the government and political movements in Germany sought to win over the young generation to their ... More


Denmark: High Representation of Women without Gender Quotas

Drude Dahlerup

in Breaking Male Dominance in Old Democracies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199653898
eISBN:
9780191751578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653898.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

‘When I entered parliament [in 1969] it went without saying that a woman MP could not expect to get a leadership position’, a female member of parliament recollects. Fifty years later, half of the ... More


The Landscape's “Socialist Transformation” and Flight from the Countryside (1949–1961)

Arvid Nelson

in Cold War Ecology: Forests, Farms, and People in the East German Landscape, 1945-1989

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300106602
eISBN:
9780300130300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106602.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Under Soviet occupation, reparations and land reform sparked an ecological and economic revolution in the German countryside until the late 1940s. German foresters could not do anything as the Soviet ... More


Building and Unbuilding the GDR

PATRICK STEVENSON

in Language and German Disunity: A Sociolinguistic History of East and West in Germany, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299707
eISBN:
9780191708053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299707.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter focuses on public language use in the GDR. It is organized as follows. Section 3.1 examines the official discourse of the Socialist Unity Party as manifested in statements of various ... More


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