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Policy Histories and Partisan Leadership in Presidential Studies: The Case of Social Security

Fiona Ross

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter seeks to illustrate the importance of both structural constraints deriving from the established trajectory of the policy regime itself and the relevance of the partisan character of key ... More


An Intellectual in Conservative Politics: The Case of Arthur Steel-Maitland

E. H. H. GREEN

in Ideologies of Conservatism: Conservative Political Ideas in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205937
eISBN:
9780191717116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205937.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter outlines perhaps the fullest, earliest Conservative response to Keynes through the ideas of the Conservative politician Arthur Steel–Maitland. These evolved from the time of his ... More


Social Security, the Government Budget, and National Savings

Peter Diamond

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on the implication of overlapping generation models on government policies. The government can choose a higher tax rate than the ‘pay as you go’ rate, to increase the baby boomer ... More


Chapter Chapter The Changing Retirement Paradigm

Robert Clark and Olivia S. Mitchell

in Reinventing the Retirement Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284603
eISBN:
9780191603013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284601.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the need for a new retirement paradigm brought about by labour changes. It then discusses retirement policy changes, old and new retirement patterns; the ... More


Pathways to Fiscal Reform in the United States

John W. Diamond and George R. Zodrow (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028301
eISBN:
9780262321914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028301.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The severe fiscal problems that the United States faces have been the focus of much attention in recent years, and several groups have proposed ambitious plans for fiscal reforms that would address ... More


 The Eternal Dharma

Ariel Glucklich

in The Footsteps of Vishnu: A Historical Introduction to Hinduism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195314052
eISBN:
9780199871766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314052.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The last chapter of the book looks at the religious and political developments in India after the arrival of the British colonialists. The chapter focuses primarily on the Hindu response to ... More


The Personal Security Account 2000 Plan, Market Outcomes, and Risk

Sylvester J. Schieber and John B. Shoven (eds)

in Themes in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226902845
eISBN:
9780226903330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903330.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter presents a framework for assessing Social Security reform proposals by evaluating a specific reform plan. This plan is one derived from the original personal security account (PSA) plan ... More


The Commercialization of Social Engineering? Adapting Radical Design Reform to American Mass Marketing

Jan L. Logemann

in Engineered to Sell: European Émigrés and the Making of Consumer Capitalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226660011
eISBN:
9780226660295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660295.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter traces both the inevitable conflicts between radical design visions and corporate America and the surprising degree to which interwar European reform traditions in design informed ... More


Reform, Revival and the Call for Hindu Rashtra

Nikita Sud

in Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and the State: A Biography of Gujarat

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076933
eISBN:
9780199080908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076933.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter explores Gujarat’s nineteenth-century path to Hindu communalism and the shaping of the Hindu nationalist project in the twentieth century. It begins with initiatives for social reform ... More


Walter Besant: The Business of Literature and the Pleasures of Reform

Kevin A. Morrison (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781789620351
eISBN:
9781789623901
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620351.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

In the 1880s and 1890s, Walter Besant was one of Britain’s most lionized living novelists. Like many popular writers of the period, Besant suffered from years of critical neglect. Yet his centrality ... More


Social Security and Inequality over the Life Cycle

Angus Deaton, Pierre-olivier Gourinchas, and Christina Paxson

in The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226241067
eISBN:
9780226241890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241890.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explores the way that the inequality of consumption behaves in a life-cycle model without bequests. It also investigates the consequences of Social Security reform for the inequality of ... More


Debating Patriarchy: The Hindu Code Bill Controversy in India (1941–1956)

Chitra Sinha

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198078944
eISBN:
9780199081479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078944.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Family Law

The book explores a significant episode of Indian social history, the Hindu Code Bill controversy that stirred the Indian social consciousness in the mid-twentieth century. Revisiting the ... More


Guaranteed Income: SSI and the Well-Being of the Elderly Poor

Kathleen McGarry

in The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226241067
eISBN:
9780226241890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241890.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter concentrates on the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, which provides means-tested benefits for the elderly poor. It is noted that the majority of SSI recipients remain poor in ... More


Altruism and the Monks of Thelema: Ideals and Realities

Geoffrey A. C. Ginn (ed.)

in Walter Besant: The Business of Literature and the Pleasures of Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781789620351
eISBN:
9781789623901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620351.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The central concerns of Besant’s philanthropic novels of the 1880s were anticipated in 1878’s The Monks of Thelema: An Invention, his first sustained foray into social commentary. Although largely ... More


Conclusion: Collaborating to Realize Rights

Anne Newman

in Realizing Educational Rights: Advancing School Reform through Courts and Communities

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226071749
eISBN:
9780226071886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226071886.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This concluding chapter highlights how the strengths and weaknesses of court-based reform and community organizing mirror each other, and how neither type of advocate is likely to single-handedly ... More


Reinforcing Opinion

George C. Edwards III

in Predicting the Presidency: The Potential of Persuasive Leadership

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691170374
eISBN:
9781400880980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691170374.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines how the president benefits from motivated reasoning to reinforce and guide the opinions of those predisposed to support him. It first considers partisan identification as a ... More


Baldwin’s party?

David Thackeray

in Conservatism for the democratic age: Conservative cultures and the challenge of mass politics in early twentieth century England

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780719087615
eISBN:
9781781705858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087615.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Stanley Baldwin’s leadership is generally portrayed as being integral to the Conservative party’s success between the wars, unifying the disparate factions within the party, and creating a ... More


Parties and Public Policy: Programmatic Formulation and Political Processing of Constitutional Amendments

Paulo Fábio Dantas Neto

in Policy analysis in Brazil

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447306849
eISBN:
9781447310976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306849.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter analyses the activities of Brazil's main political parties since the early 1990s in a study of constitutional amendments submitted during the period. It draws attention to the fact that, ... More


Expert Community and Sectoral Policy: The Brazilian Sanitary Reform

Nilson do Rosário Costa

in Policy analysis in Brazil

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447306849
eISBN:
9781447310976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306849.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The political analysis that resulted in the adoption of the universal right to health in the 1988 Federal Constitution and the intellectual foundations of the health sector reform are examined in ... More


Fifty years ahead of its time? The provident dispensaries movement in Manchester, 1871–85

Martin Hewitt

in People, Places and Identities: Themes in British Social and Cultural History, 1700s-1980s

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780719090356
eISBN:
9781526124081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090356.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

Martin Hewitt’s chapter on the history of the provident dispensary movement, initiated in the 1870s by the social reformer, Dr John Watts asks why provident dispensaries, unlike the Hospital Funds ... More


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