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Choosing Environments

Gillian Barker

in Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for an Evolving World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171885
eISBN:
9780231540391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171885.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Using utilitarian or cost-benefit thinking to assess possible large-scale social chagnes is problematic because it is unclear how to value the costs and benefits--in particular, because some social ... More


Drug Prohibition and Its Alternatives

John J. Donohue III

in Lessons from the Economics of Crime: What Reduces Offending?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019613
eISBN:
9780262314633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019613.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Both legal (alcohol, tobacco) and illegal drugs impose substantial costs on society, but the nature of the costs varies dramatically between use and prohibition costs. This paper tries to assess ... More


The Role of Repugnance in the Development of Markets: The Case of the Market for Transplantable Kidneys

Julio Jorge Elias

in Social Economics: Current and Emerging Avenues

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035651
eISBN:
9780262337915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035651.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Economic efficiency is a criterion commonly used in economic analyses to establish an order of preference between different policy alternatives. However, in many societal situations where decisions ... More


The Cost of Community

Patrick Shade and John Lachs

in Freedom and Limits

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823256747
eISBN:
9780823261390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256747.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

Lachs contends that since social relations and structures are predicated on the notion of one individual performing a task on behalf of another, mediation lies at the heart of every society. ... More


Questions of Life and Death

Patrick Shade and John Lachs

in Freedom and Limits

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823256747
eISBN:
9780823261390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256747.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

Calling attention to the costs arising from new technology that helps extend life almost indefinitely, Lachs argues that we consider the seasons of life when determining how to spend social ... More


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