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Introduction

Edward Bispham

in From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the situation in Rome after the Social War. The situation in which Rome found herself after the Social War was utterly different from that which ... More


Municipalization and the Politics of Enfranchisement of Italy

Edward Bispham

in From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The municipalization following the Social War must be understood within the context of the political atmosphere in which it emerged, and the major public discourses of the time: the admission and ... More


Tota Italia: Remaking Italy?

Edward Bispham

in From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Following the unification of Italy in the 19th century, Massimo d'Azeglio memorably articulated for the first session of parliament of the Kingdom of Italy the hardest task facing the new ... More


From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Edward Bispham

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Rome's once independent Italian allies became communities of a new Roman territorial state after the Social War of 91-87 bc. This book examines how the transition from independence to subordination ... More


The Simple Quattuorvirate (‘Nude Dictus’)

Edward Bispham

in From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The most important identifying features of the vast majority of the municipia created after the Social War was their unique new magistracy, the quattuorvirate. This chapter examines all thirty-six ... More


Roman Italy: The Second Century

Edward Bispham

in From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the legal and institutional evidence for what Roman Italy looked like, and how it operated in the late 2nd century bc. It considers the way in which the ager Romanus was ... More


Allies: Latins and Italians in the Second Century

Edward Bispham

in From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Roman influence in Italy was the result of her entrenched position of power after the expulsion of Hannibal and defeat of Carthage. This chapter examines the impact on Latins and Italian socii. The ... More


Fluid Hegemonies: The Cyclades in the Early Fourth Century (403–355)

Brian Rutishauser

in Athens and the Cyclades: Economic Strategies 540-314 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646357
eISBN:
9780191746246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646357.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter covers the early fourth century, which was a time of shifting hegemonies by various powers over the Cyclades region. Sparta, Athens, and Thebes all exercised naval power in the Aegean at ... More


Rome and the Unification of Italy

Arthur Keaveney

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781904675372
eISBN:
9781781385319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781904675372.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This book narrates how, from late in the second century B.C., Rome's Italian subjects began to desire equality with her. This, at first, manifested itself in a desire for and agitation to obtain ... More


A Volscian Mafia? Cicero and his Italian Clients in the Forensic Speeches

Kathryn Lomas

in Cicero the Advocate

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198152804
eISBN:
9780191715143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152804.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In the aftermath of the bitter Social War between ancient Rome and the Italians, ending in the extension of Roman citizenship to all Italians, the competing claims of existing local loyalties and the ... More


The First War with Philip V, 221–217 b.c.

Joseph B. Scholten

in The Politics of Plunder: Aitolians and their Koinon in the Early Hellenistic Era, 279-217 B.C.

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520201873
eISBN:
9780520916746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520201873.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter discusses the alliances that have come under varying degrees of Makedonian influence and were members of a so-called Hellenic Alliance which threatened the ability of the citizenry of ... More


Artaxerxes III: King and Commander, 358–350

Stephen Ruzicka

in Trouble in the West: Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525-332 BC

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766628
eISBN:
9780199932719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766628.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

Ochus (as Artaxerxes III) succeeded Artaxerxes II in still disputed circumstances. He sought to exterminate all remaining potential rivals, including many brothers and other relatives, most notably ... More


From Economic to Political Integration

Saskia T. Roselaar

in Italy's Economic Revolution: Integration and Economy in Republican Italy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198829447
eISBN:
9780191867965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829447.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 5 investigates the reasons for growing Italian discontent in the second century. This chapter traces the disadvantages that the Italians experienced because they did not have Roman ... More


The Social War

Arthur Keaveney

in Rome and the Unification of Italy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781904675372
eISBN:
9781781385319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781904675372.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Upon rebelling, the Italians formed their own state, Italia. In the first campaigning year of the Social War, 90 B.C., they were largely successful but, in the next year, the war turned against them ... More


Polybius, Aratus, and the History of the 140th Olympiad

Andrew Meadows

in Polybius and his World: Essays in Memory of F.W. Walbank

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199608409
eISBN:
9780191745102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608409.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter reassesses Polybius' claim that he was a continuator of the memoirs of Aratus of Sicyon, which ended at the end of the 139th Olympiad in August 220 BC. Examination of Polybius' narrative ... More


Cicero and the Italians: Expansion of Empire, Creation of Law

Saskia T. Roselaar

in Cicero's Law: Rethinking Roman Law of the Late Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474408820
eISBN:
9781474426763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474408820.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Legal History

After 70 BC, Italians were legally equal to old Roman citizens, in that they could avail themselves of the ius civile. Nevertheless, there are indications in Cicero’s work that not all Italians were ... More


Notes on the Failure of the Second Athenian Confederacy

George Cawkwell

in Cyrene to Chaeronea: Selected Essays on Ancient Greek History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199593286
eISBN:
9780191804557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199593286.003.0012
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter attempts to elucidate the question of why the Second Athenian Confederacy failed. It argues that the Social War was the real turning point and it is proper to see its conclusion as the ... More


Eubulus

George Cawkwell

in Cyrene to Chaeronea: Selected Essays on Ancient Greek History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199593286
eISBN:
9780191804557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199593286.003.0016
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Eubulus was responsible for major changes in the financial administration of Athens and these were of far-reaching importance. There is only one development of Athenian policy that is directly and ... More


Youthfulness in Polybius: The Case of Philip V of Macedon

Brian McGing

in Polybius and his World: Essays in Memory of F.W. Walbank

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199608409
eISBN:
9780191745102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608409.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Youthfulness appears widely in Polybius as something whose failings and weakness can be disadvantageous for a leader, in spite of more positive examples of young men such as Aratus of Sicyon and ... More


The Wolf and the Bull

Arthur Keaveney

in Rome and the Unification of Italy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781904675372
eISBN:
9781781385319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781904675372.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This sums up the arguments of the book and recapitulates the main points discussed. The future significance of Italian integration is briefly touched upon.


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