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Perspectives from the President's Commission on Social Security Reform *

John F. Cogan and Olivia S. Mitchell

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

In 2001, President George W. Bush appointed the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security, composed of sixteen members from both major political parties. Members were tasked with providing ... More


Policy Histories and Partisan Leadership in Presidential Studies: The Case of Social Security

Fiona Ross

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter seeks to illustrate the importance of both structural constraints deriving from the established trajectory of the policy regime itself and the relevance of the partisan character of key ... More


The Evolution of Public Sector Pension Plans in the United States

Robert L. Clark, Lee A. Craig, and Neveen Ahmed

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Municipal governments in the United States began offering retirement plans for their workers in the mid-nineteenth century, and state governments followed in the early twentieth century. As these ... More


Digital Applications in the Federal Government: The Social Security Administration, the Bureau of the Census, and the U.S. Postal Service

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the impact of IT on the work of the Social Security Administration (SSA), the Bureau of the Census, and the US Postal Service (USPS). All three organizations extensively use ... More


A New Deal for the Alien

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on the Social Security Act and the disparate treatment of blacks, Mexicans, and European immigrants in the administration of Social Security, Unemployment Insurance, Aid to ... More


Pensions in Brazil: Reaching the Limits of Parametric Reform in Latin America *

Milko Matijascic and Stephen J. Kay

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter describes Brazil's social security system and the highly contentious reform process. While much of the rest of the South American region moved toward individual accounts, Brazil engaged ... More


“Where Is the Money Coming From?”1 the Reconstruction of Social Security Finance

Julian E. Zelizer

in Governing America: The Revival of Political History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150734
eISBN:
9781400841899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150734.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines how Social Security finance was reconstructed in response to actions by Congress, which abolished the mandate for a large reserve and authorized the use of general revenue to ... More


Social Security from the New Deal to the Great Society: Expanding the Public Domain

Edward Berkowitz and Larry DeWitt

in Conservatism and American Political Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195373929
eISBN:
9780199852291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373929.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the role of conservatives in the development of the Social Security program. Conservatives could not prevent the creation of Social Security, but they could constrain its ... More


Social Security from the Great Society to 1980: Further Expansion and Rekindled Controversy

Nancy Altman and Ted Marmor

in Conservatism and American Political Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195373929
eISBN:
9780199852291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373929.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The late 1950s to the mid-1970s appears to have been a watershed for Social Security. Before this period, ideological opponents in the business community, in Congress, and, most dramatically, in the ... More


Social Security from 1980 to the Present: From Third Rail to Presidential Commitment—and Back?

Steven M. Teles and Martha Derthick

in Conservatism and American Political Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195373929
eISBN:
9780199852291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373929.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses Social Security politics from 1980 to the present. It argues that Social Security can be understood as the limiting case for conservatives' ability to transform the American ... More


The Social Security Act in Perspective

Andrew W. Dobelstein

in Understanding the Social Security Act: The Foundation of Social Welfare for America in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195366891
eISBN:
9780199894208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366891.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter provides a broad overview of the social welfare programs authorized by the Social Security Act, both when it was created in 1935 and as they exist in 2009. A timeline shows how the ... More


Understanding Baby Boomers’ Retirement Prospects

Brigitte Madrian, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Beth J. Soldo

in Redefining Retirement: How Will Boomers Fare?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199230778
eISBN:
9780191710971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230778.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter assesses Baby Boom retirement prospects, comparing the outlook for this cohort with experiences of previous generations. The impact of aging is assessed using the Social Security's Model ... More


The Social Security Act for America′s Twenty-First Century

Andrew W. Dobelstein

in Understanding the Social Security Act: The Foundation of Social Welfare for America in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195366891
eISBN:
9780199894208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366891.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The story of the Social Security Act documents the growth and development of America's social welfare commitments within the framework of a monumental social, economic and political document. The ... More


Belgium: Nationalism, State Reform, and Social Security

Daniel Béland and André Lecours

in Nationalism and Social Policy: The Politics of Territorial Solidarity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546848
eISBN:
9780191720468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546848.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Chapter 4 begins with a brief discussion on the origins of Flemish nationalism. Then, it analyses the post-war expansion of social policy in Belgium and the meshing of social policy reform and ... More


Baby Boomers versus Their Parents: Economic Well‐Being and Health Status

Joyce Manchester, David Weaver, and Kevin Whitman

in Redefining Retirement: How Will Boomers Fare?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199230778
eISBN:
9780191710971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230778.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

The Social Security Administration's simulation model known as MINT (Modeling Income in the Near Term) is used to examine the projected health and economic status of Baby Boomers and their parents ... More


The New Intersection on the Road to Retirement: Public Pensions, Economics, Perceptions, Politics, and Interest Groups

Beth Almeida, Kelly Kenneally, and David Madland

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

State and local pensions have been a cost-effective way to ensure that those retiring from public service will have adequate retirement income after a lifetime of work. Despite their strengths, ... More


Chapter Chapter Market Innovations to Better Allocate Generational Risk

Salvador Valdés‐Prieto

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Mandatory old-age benefit programs tend to require periodic adjustments as a result of demographic and economic shocks. However, such discretionary adjustments create political risk for workers and ... More


Reforms to Canadian Social Security, 1996–7

Robert L. Brown

in Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226801
eISBN:
9780191710285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226801.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter discusses Social Security reform in Canada in 1996-7. It argues that the C/QPP reforms of 1997 gave merely tweaks to the system as opposed to massive change, with most of the amendments ... More


Federal Income Maintenance Policies and Programs

Namkee Choi

in Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173727
eISBN:
9780199893218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173727.003.0077
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter discusses three important federal income maintenance programs for older persons: the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) Program, or Social Security; the Supplemental ... More


Title XVI: Supplemental Security Income

Andrew W. Dobelstein

in Understanding the Social Security Act: The Foundation of Social Welfare for America in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195366891
eISBN:
9780199894208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366891.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Title XVI of the Social Security Act, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), evolved as a hybrid form of assistance with a mixed pedigree. Daniel Patrick Moynihan sought to convince President Nixon to ... More


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