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 World War I and After: Godlessness and the Scopes Trial

Kevin M. Schultz

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In “Godlessness and the Scopes Trial,” Kevin M. Schultz examines the most famous battle over religion in the 1920s, and perhaps the most famous battle in the entirety of the twentieth century, the ... More


“Male and Female He Created Them” (Genesis 1:27): Interpreting Gender after Darwin

Stephen C. Barton

in Reading Genesis after Darwin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383355
eISBN:
9780199870561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383355.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, History of Christianity

Beginning with Darwin's almost religious awe at the wonder of natural selection, this chapter moves to an account of the ambiguous legacy of Darwin's views on gender, including the support they ... More


Scarcity, Biology, and the Rational Actor

Herbert Hovenkamp

in The Opening of American Law: Neoclassical Legal Thought, 1870-1970

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199331307
eISBN:
9780190204495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199331307.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

In the late nineteenth century two powerful and very different ideas changed the course of American legal thought. First was Darwin’s theory of natural selection, which quickly migrated from ... More


The Twilight of Waspdom

in Richard Hofstadter: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226076409
eISBN:
9780226076379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226076379.003.0002
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter elaborates upon issues touched by Richard Hofstadter in his work Social Darwinism in American Thought, 1860–1915. As he searched for a dissertation topic in the late spring of 1940, ... More


BROADENING HORIZONS

Marion Elizabeth Rodgers

in Mencken: The American Iconoclast

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195072389
eISBN:
9780199787982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072389.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

In 1908, Mencken was asked to become the new literary critic of The Smart Set magazine. Over the next fifteen years, Mencken would write 182 essays in which he reviewed some 2,000 books. The Smart ... More


Katō Hiroyuki: Turning Nature into Time

Julia Adeney Thomas

in Reconfiguring Modernity: Concepts of Nature in Japanese Political Ideology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520228542
eISBN:
9780520926844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228542.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the views of Japanese politician Katō Hiroyuki about nature. It explains that in 1881 Hiroyuki turned decidedly in favor of autocratic control, relying in large part on Social ... More


The Acculturation of Japanese Nature

Julia Adeney Thomas

in Reconfiguring Modernity: Concepts of Nature in Japanese Political Ideology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520228542
eISBN:
9780520926844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228542.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores a hiatus in nature's overt political presence in Japan after around 1890 and until the Russo-Japanese War. It argues that the Social Darwinian concept of nature proved so ... More


Social Science as History

Andrew E. Barshay

in The Social Sciences in Modern Japan: The Marxian and Modernist Traditions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520236455
eISBN:
9780520941335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520236455.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The theme of Japan as the only successful modernizer or “power” in Asia has been endlessly played out since the 1890s. Japanese elites undertook a forced march to industrialization and military ... More


Greece, India, and Race among the Victorians

Partha Mitter

in African Athena: New Agendas

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199595006
eISBN:
9780191731464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595006.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, African History: BCE to 500CE

The paper traces the process leading to the repudiation of the Afroasiatic roots of Greek civilization in the 19th century. Comparative philology, physical anthropology and biology melded language, ... More


“Love of Nature Leading to Love of Man”

Robert M. Ryan

in Charles Darwin and the Church of Wordsworth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757351
eISBN:
9780191817274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757351.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Wordsworth influenced the reception of Darwinian theory in its socio-economic as well as its scientific dimensions. As the ideology we now call Social Darwinism emerged from Malthusian theories of ... More


National Character

Paul Gilbert

in Cultural Identity and Political Ethics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748623877
eISBN:
9780748671991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623877.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter investigates the idea of national character deriving from Herder. This, it contends, is the now discredited forerunner of the notion of cultural identity but plays a similar role in ... More


Boas

W. Underhill James

in Humboldt, Worldview and Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748638420
eISBN:
9780748671809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638420.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This short chapter stresses the importance of Franz Boas’ empirical field research for the study of languages and anthropology, and especially for doing away with the idea of ‘primitive’ languages. ... More


Ultranational Nature: Dead Time and Dead Space

Julia Adeney Thomas

in Reconfiguring Modernity: Concepts of Nature in Japanese Political Ideology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520228542
eISBN:
9780520926844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228542.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter describes the ultranational nature of wartime Japan and traces the origins of this concept to the decade after the Russo-Japanese War. It argues that twentieth-century Japan did not ... More


Racism, Nationalism, and Nazism

Tabish Khair

in The New Xenophobia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199463589
eISBN:
9780199086368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463589.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter stops to look at forms of ‘old xenophobia’: racism, nationalism, and Nazism, in particular. It shows that old xenophobia—in keeping with the production-based character of capitalism ... More


American Concerns: Trade and Trusts; Enriched and the Rich

John Kenneth Galbraith

in Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171647
eISBN:
9781400889075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171647.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the American preoccupation with money. While there was little concern in the United States for the central themes of classical economics or for the Marxian and other forms of ... More


Boxers and Bannermen: Peking 1900

Anne Witchard

in Lao She in London

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9789888139606
eISBN:
9789882208643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139606.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Born an impoverished ethnic Manchu in the declining days of the Qing dynasty, Lao She grew up at a time when anti-Manchu resentment from Han Chinese nationalists was rife. In the course of the 1911 ... More


The indigenous redemption of liberal universalism

Tim Rowse

in Colonial Exchanges: Political Theory and the Agency of the Colonized

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526105646
eISBN:
9781526128140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105646.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the uptake of liberal universalism by indigenous thinkers in the settler societies of Canada, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand. It focuses on five thinkers—Peter ... More


Japan’s Animal Kingdom: The Origins of Ecological Modernity and the Birth of the Zoo

Ian Jared Miller

in The Nature of the Beasts: Empire and Exhibition at the Tokyo Imperial Zoo

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520271869
eISBN:
9780520952102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271869.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Tokyo’s Ueno Zoo was a consciously constructed mechanism for the separation of people from other animals, an anthropological machine whose primary purpose was to help create a certain kind of ... More


A History of Autobiography Criticism, Part I: Theorizing Autobiography

Sidonie Smith and Julia Watson

in Reading Autobiography: A Guide for Interpreting Life Narratives, Second Edition

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816669851
eISBN:
9781452946238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816669851.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explores the history of autobiography studies to the 1990s. William C. Spengemann situates the first surge of critical interest in the practice of life narrative in the late nineteenth ... More


Liberals, Conservatives, and Mass Politics

Balázs Trencsényi, Maciej Janowski, Mónika Baár, Maria Falina, and Michal Kopeček

in A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe: Volume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century'

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198737148
eISBN:
9780191800610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737148.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The mass politics emerging at the turn of the century brought a reconfiguration of liberal and conservative thought. As for the liberals, the possible directions of change seemed to involve either a ... More


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