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A Critique of Expressivism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the expressive/projective strategy, which covers a family of views with interrelated common themes. The two most highly developed themes, norm expressivism (defended by Allan ... More


Thick Concepts and Internal Reasons

Ulrike Heuer

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his influential discussion of thick concepts Williams argues that the facts that make judgements, which apply thick concepts correctly, true, provide reasons for action — albeit only for the ... More


Smile When You’re Winning: How to Become a Cambridge Pragmatist

Hallvard Lillehammer

in The Practical Turn: Pragmatism in Britain in the Long Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780197266168
eISBN:
9780191865237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266168.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter traces the development of a particular current of thought known by the label ‘pragmatism’ during the last part of the twentieth century and at the beginning of the twenty-first, and ... More


Introduction

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter introduces metaethical expressivism, explains its main sources of interest over earlier noncognitivist theories, and illustrates how it has been applied to many topics across all ... More


Supervenience and Causation

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259455.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Addresses two outstanding worries about ethical non‐naturalism. The first, developed primarily by Simon Blackburn, is that this form of moral realism cannot provide an adequate account of the ... More


Defending Folk Psychology: The Limits of Coalitions

Louise Antony

in Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There are two tasks a defender of folk psychology must undertake. One is to explain what is wrong with eliminativism. The other is to spell out and defend a view about the mind that explains why folk ... More


The Fugitive Thought: Blackburn on Reasons

R. Jay Wallace

in Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter offers a reconstruction of Blackburn’s expressivist account of normative discourse, in terms of attitudes of commendation or disapproval that are directed to potential movements of the ... More


Biology and Ethics

Philip Kitcher

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter outlines three programs that aim to use biological insights in support of philosophical positions in ethics: Aristotelian approaches found, for example, in Thomas Hurka and Philippa ... More


Separationism

Simon Kirchin

in Thick Evaluation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198803430
eISBN:
9780191841613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803430.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The main aim of this chapter is to describe in detail separationism: its core aspects, its motivations, its advantages, and its weaknesses. In doing so two broad forms of separationism are detailed ... More


Higher-Order Attitudes, Frege’s Abyss, and the Truth in Propositions

Mark Schroeder

in Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In chapter 6 of Spreading the Word, Blackburn spelled out one of the earliest attempts to account for the meanings of logically complex sentences and thoughts in terms amenable to the projectivist—an ... More


Another World: The Metaethics and Metametaethics of Reasons Fundamentalism

James Dreier

in Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a chapter about Reasons Fundamentalism, a metaethical program that like Moorean Non-naturalism says that there are irreducible, non-natural normative facts, but rather than starting with ... More


Metaphysics

David Enoch

in Taking Morality Seriously: A Defense of Robust Realism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199579969
eISBN:
9780191729010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579969.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is a discussion of some distinct but related metaphysical worries about Robust Realism. The first is the most general worry associated with Mackie's argument from queerness. But this ... More


From Quasi-Realism to Global Expressivism—and Back Again?

Huw Price

in Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Simon Blackburn’s expressivism is distinctive in two ways: first, his repeated insistence that Humean expressivism is not simply an option in the ethical case—it is attractive in many other domains, ... More


Higher-Order Attitudes, Frege’s Abyss, and the Truth in Propositions

Mark Schroeder

in Expressing Our Attitudes: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 2

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198714149
eISBN:
9780191782541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714149.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to higher-order attitude expressivist theories such as that developed by Simon Blackburn in chapter 6 of Spreading the Word, complex sentences express states of mind that consist in ... More


Singular Belief

Frank Jackson

in Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In Spreading the Word, Simon Blackburn defends universalism about singular thought. The aim of this chapter is to defend the same view, but within a more thorough-going possible worlds framework. Two ... More


Supervenience Arguments Under Relaxed Assumptions

Mark Schroeder

in Explaining the Reasons We Share: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198713807
eISBN:
9780191782190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713807.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter, co-authored with Johannes Schmitt, considers what happens to a variety of important arguments about supervenience theses, if we relax the assumption that metaphysical necessity obeys ... More


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