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Sidgwickian Ethics

David Phillips

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778911
eISBN:
9780199919093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778911.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Henry Sidgwick’s The Methods of Ethics is one of the most important books in the history of moral philosophy. But it has not hitherto received the kind of sustained scholarly attention its stature ... More


Professor Calderwood on Intuitionism in Morals

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sidgwick argues that Calderwood's criticisms of his view on Intuitionism presented in Methods of Ethics derive from a misunderstanding of Sidgwick's project. Sidgwick did not set out to criticize, ... More


Mr. Barratt on ‘The Suppression of Egoism ’

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his reply to Barratt's criticisms of his Methods of Ethics, Sidgwick states that Barratt misapprehends his position by overlooking the fact that he reviews various methods of ethics from a neutral ... More


The Distinction Between ‘Is’ and ‘Ought’

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Taking ‘what ought to be’ to include both what is commonly judged to be ‘good’ and what is commonly judged to be ‘right’, that is to say, ‘the duty’ of a person, Sidgwick observes that there is a ... More


Grote on Utilitarianism I

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter and the next, Sidgwick engages in a detailed analysis of the views of his teacher John Grote as presented in The Examination of the Utilitarian Philosophy. According to Sidgwick, ... More


Promises and Agreements: Philosophical Essays

Hanoch Sheinman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195377958
eISBN:
9780199893836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377958.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Promises are routinely treated as a useful philosophical laboratory for testing moral, volitional, and social phenomena. Recently, they have also come to be treated as a philosophical topic in their ... More


Underivative Duty: British Moral Philosophers from Sidgwick to Ewing

Thomas Hurka (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199577446
eISBN:
9780191725425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The chapters in this volume discuss a group of British moral philosophers active between the 1870s and 1950s and including Henry Sidgwick, Hastings Rashdall, J. M. E. McTaggart, G. E. Moore, H. A. ... More


Intuitionism and Disagreement

Crisp Roger

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that, due to the kind of normative disagreement found in philosophical ethics, Audi's epistemology of self-evident normative principles will not properly apply to any specific ... More


Objections and Replies

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter considers and replies to various objections that could be raised against character consequentialism, both as an interpretation of Buddhist ethics and as a view in its own right. Keown’s ... More


Sensory Hedonism about Happiness

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Bentham, Mill, and Sidgwick say things that strongly suggest sensory hedonism about happiness. This is the view that a person's level of happiness is equal to the total amount of sensory pleasure he ... More


Standard Egoism

Alison Hills

in The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge from Egoism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199213306
eISBN:
9780191594212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213306.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There are many challenges to the authority of morality, the claim that everyone has reasons to be moral. This chapter distinguishes the challenge from Egoism from a recent, widely discussed claim by ... More


The Happiness Philosophers: The Lives and Works of the Great Utilitarians

Bart Schultz

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691154770
eISBN:
9781400884957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154770.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book tells the colorful story of the lives and legacies of the founders of utilitarianism—one of the most influential yet misunderstood philosophies of the past two centuries. Best known for ... More


Against Modern Dualism about the Good

Talbot Brewer

in The Retrieval of Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is very nearly a fixed point within contemporary analytic philosophy that practical rationality calls for the efficient pursuit of that which is good for oneself. By contrast, it is a hotly ... More


THE DESIRE RELATIVITY OF VALUE

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter supplies a subjectivist definition of intrinsic value in terms of what satisfies intrinsic desires in a specified sense, and of derivative value by reference to intrinsic value. Other ... More


Green's Criticism of the British Moralists

T. H. Irwin (ed.)

in T. H. Green: Ethics, Metaphysics, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199271665
eISBN:
9780191709364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271665.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Green reaches his ethical position partly by discussion of Aristotle, Hume, and Kant. He takes Hume to be representative of British moralists. He therefore neglects the important contributions of ... More


The Autonomy of Ethics: (3) Sidgwick and his Contemporaries

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses Henry Sidgwick, a moralist who commanded the attention of his fellows. The discussion also focuses on an updated the history of the perception that information about people’s ... More


Introduction

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is a selective historical and critical study of moral philosophy in the Socratic tradition, with special attention to Aristotelian naturalism. ... More


Essays on Ethics and Method

Henry Sidgwick

Marcus G. Singer (ed.)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this collection of papers, Sidgwick develops his view of universal hedonism or Bentham‐like utilitarianism, according to which the only way to reconcile a desire for one's own good with the ... More


Deliberative Conflict: Some Recent Philosophical Concepts

Nicholas White

in Individual and Conflict in Greek Ethics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250593
eISBN:
9780191598661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250592.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Kantian and Hegelian responses to Greek ethics have been carried on—against the backdrop of Joseph Butler, J. S. Mill, Henry Sidgwick, T. H. Green, and others—right through the Twentieth Century. ... More


Utilitarianism

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this brief presentation of his version of utilitarianism, also known as universal hedonism, Sidgwick endeavours to eliminate the vagueness surrounding this view by distinguishing between the ... More


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