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 Islam: A Truly American Religion?

Jane Idleman Smith

in Muslims, Christians, and the Challenge of Interfaith Dialogue

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195307313
eISBN:
9780199867875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307313.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

American Muslims comprise the most diverse Islamic community that has ever existed. They are immigrants and American born, with more than 30 percent of their population African Americans. Most are ... More


Islam and the American Opportunity

Thomas F. Farr

in World of Faith and Freedom: Why International Religious Liberty Is Vital to American National Security

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195179958
eISBN:
9780199869749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179958.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 9 explores how U.S. IRF policy might help undermine Islamist extremism and transnational terrorism. It describes the various forms of extremism, both Sunni and Shiite, and how traditional ... More


Three Decades of Misreporting Iran and Iraq

Michael Rubin

in Blind Spot: When Journalists Don't Get Religion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374360
eISBN:
9780199871902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374360.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines coverage of Iran and Iraq and shows how it has veered from underestimating the political force in Iran of the Ayatollah Khomeini’s heterodox innovations to overestimating the ... More


Conclusion: The Sufi Synthesis

Chad Kia

in Art, Allegory and the Rise of Shi'ism in Iran, 1487-1565

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474450386
eISBN:
9781474464864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474450386.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The Sufi–Shiite synthesis of the Timurid and early Safavid periods is reflected in Persian figural art at the turn of the sixteenth century and continued to disseminate, even after the decline of ... More


The Myth of the Ottoman Caliphate

Hüseyin Yılmaz

in Caliphate Redefined: The Mystical Turn in Ottoman Political Thought

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691197135
eISBN:
9781400888047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691197135.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the mystification of the Ottoman caliphate and the apocalyptic-messianic reconstruction of imperial ideology in the context of the long Ottoman–Safavid conflict of the ... More


Hezbollah: Mobilization and Power

Aurélie Daher

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190495893
eISBN:
9780190943004
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190495893.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

Almost thirty years after its foundation, Lebanese Hezbollah is an organization that remains difficult to understand. What exactly is Hezbollah? An Islamist terrorist group dedicated to destroying ... More


Jamkaran: Embodiment and Messianic Experience in the Making of Digital Pilgrimage

Babak Rahimi

in Muslim Pilgrimage in the Modern World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651460
eISBN:
9781469651484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651460.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The author of this article discusses the experiences of Iranian Shiite pilgrims to a mosque where a special connection to Mahdi is expected. In this article, he focuses mostly on the representations ... More


Pilgrimage to a Ritual: The Fluid Sacred Geography of the Bohras’ Muharram

Reza Masoudi Nejad

in Muslim Pilgrimage in the Modern World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469651460
eISBN:
9781469651484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469651460.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Religion

In this article, the author challenges the stereotypical definition of pilgrimage as a journey to a shrine or place of religious importance and shows how Dawoodi Bohras make a pilgrimage to wherever ... More


Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Afshon Ostovar

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This book is about the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) and its ascent to become one of the most formidable entities in Iran and the Middle East. It follows the organization from its birth ... More


From Ali to Khomeini

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the formation of Shiite Islam, from succession to the Prophet Muhammad through the tragedy of Imam Husayn’s martyrdom at Karbala. It examines the traditions ... More


Conclusion

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The concluding chapter returns to the central themes of the book: the role of conflict—regional, political, religious, and ideological—in the formation of the IRGC and the Islamic Republic; the ... More


Local and Regional Sectarian Narratives

Caroleen Marji Sayej

in Patriotic Ayatollahs: Nationalism in Post-Saddam Iraq

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501715211
eISBN:
9781501714856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715211.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter challenges the narrative that conflict in Iraq was sectarian in nature. Conflict was the product of local and regional sectarian narratives that dominated the Iraqi landscape, and helped ... More


Introduction

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins with a narrative of the 2011 takeover of the British Embassy in Tehran by Basij students. The semiotics of the episode are used to explain some of the core characteristics of the ... More


Vanguard of the Imam

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter covers the emergence of the IRGC and its role in monopolization of pro-Khomeini clerical power after Iran’s 1979 revolution. During this period, the IRGC was a fledgling organization ... More


The Imposed War

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter covers the first period of the Iran-Iraq war, from Saddam’s invasion in September 1980 to the spring offenses of 1982. The IRGC had little training or resources when the war began. Its ... More


The Long War

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

After the successful spring 1982 offenses, Iran’s leaders decided to push into Iraq. The counter-invasion of Iraq was a turning point in the war. The IRGC’s influence in the war steadily grew during ... More


Exporting the Revolution

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses Iran’s desire to export its revolution and the IRGC’s role in that effort. After war with Saddam began, exporting the revolution became a divisive issue that split the ... More


Warriors of Karbala

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Shiite Islam is central to the IRGC’s organizational identity. This chapter examines the organization’s approach to identity formation and how it expressed that identity through cultural work. Early ... More


When Johnny Comes Marching Home

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the postwar expansion of the IRGC. A key transformation during this period was the decision by Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani to avoid total demobilization by ... More


In Defense of the Family of the Prophet

Afshon Ostovar

in Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Iran has had a vested interest in shaping the outcomes of the Arab Spring. The IRGC had learned with the fall of Saddam that it could successfully exploit power vacuums for strategic gains. Syria’s ... More


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