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The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, a Search for Salvation

Shafique N. Virani

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195311730
eISBN:
9780199785490
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311730.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

“None of that people should be spared, not even the babe in its cradle”. With these chilling words, the Mongol warlord Genghis Khan declared his intention to destroy the Ismailis, one of the most ... More


Introduction

Shafique N. Virani

in The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, a Search for Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195311730
eISBN:
9780199785490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311730.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Shi'i Muslims believe that by divine decree, at a place called Ghadir Khumm, the Prophet Muhammad declared his cousin and son-in-law 'Ali as his successor, and the first in a lineage of Imams to whom ... More


Iran and Shiʿi Pilgrimage Networks: A Postrevolutionary Ideology

Kishwar Rizvi

in The Transnational Mosque: Architecture and Historical Memory in the Contemporary Middle East

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469621166
eISBN:
9781469624952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621166.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Commemoration is central to the rituals of devotion and nationalism enacted in the Islamic Republic of Iran. This chapter pertains to Shiʿi networks that have moved beyond national boundaries to ... More


The Peoples of the Islamic Empires

Gerald MacLean and Nabil Matar

in Britain and the Islamic World, 1558–1713

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199203185
eISBN:
9780191728433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203185.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Early British travellers and traders in the Islamic world met people from different ethnicities, religions, and races. Unlike the internal uniformity of European countries, the Ottoman, Safavid, and ... More


Making Qom a Centre of Shiʿi Scholarship: Al-Mustafa International University

Keiko Sakurai

in Shaping Global Islamic Discourses: The Role of al-Azhar, al-Medina and al-Mustafa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696857
eISBN:
9781474412247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696857.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter presents an insight into the rise of al Mustafa International University, including its two preceding institutions and its globalisation agenda. Tracing the evolution of the university, ... More


Founding Mothers, Speaking Sisters: Lineaments of Community in History

Marilyn Booth

in Classes of Ladies of Cloistered Spaces: Writing Feminist History through Biography in Fin-de-siecle Eypt

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780748694860
eISBN:
9781474408639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694860.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter focuses on Fawwaz’s portraits of early Muslim women, especially those of ahl al-bayt, the Prophet Muhammad’s family and lineage. It highlights her presentations of Alid and early Shi’i ... More


Shi'ism In South East Asia: Alid Piety and Sectarian Constructions

Chiara Formichi and Michael Feener (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190264017
eISBN:
9780190618537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264017.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This is the first work available in any language to extensively document and critically discuss traditions of ‘Alid piety and their modern contestations in the region. The concept of ‘Alid piety ... More


The Ventures of Marshall G. S. Hodgson

Edmund Burke III and Robert J. Mankin (eds)

in Islam and World History: The Ventures of Marshall Hodgson

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226584645
eISBN:
9780226584812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226584812.003.0001
Subject:
History, Historiography

When Hodgson began his career, both world history and Islamic history were still deeply embedded in an essentially Eurocentric and present-centered intellectual world. This mental framework made it ... More


‘Baghdad is to Cities What the Master is to Mankind’: The Rise of Vizier Culture

Samuel England

in Medieval Empires and the Culture of Competition: Literary Duels at Islamic and Christian Courts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781474425223
eISBN:
9781474438544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474425223.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Examines the phenomenon of vizier-poets in medieval Baghdad and the ‘Abbasid provinces. Argues that Persian viziers used literary, administrative skill to overshadow royals and the caliph. These ... More


Transit—When Sufis Meet Shiʿis

Scott Kugle

in When Sun Meets Moon: Gender, Eros, and Ecstasy in Urdu Poetry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781469626772
eISBN:
9781469626796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626772.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Siraj Awrangabadi and Mah Laqa Bai share much in common through literature, performance, and sublimation of erotic desires. But they differ in terms of sectarian allegiance. This chapter discusses ... More


Iraqi Divisions

Ala Hamoudi Haider

in Negotiating in Civil Conflict: Constitutional Construction and Imperfect Bargaining in Iraq

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226315348
eISBN:
9780226068794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226068794.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes the nature of the divisions between the major groups in Iraqi society. It shows how these disparate communities— Sunni, Shi’a and Kurd— not only contested political power ... More


Antecedents and Precursors: The Historical Contexts of Ismaʿili Globalization

Jonah Steinberg

in Ismaʿili Modern: Globalization and Identity in a Muslim Community

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834077
eISBN:
9781469603728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899458_steinberg.6
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the role of leadership, succession, and schism in the history of Islam. It is only through an understanding of these processes that the story of Isma'ilism can be fully ... More


Under Siege: The Salafi and Regime Countermobilization

Frederic M. Wehrey

in Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165129
eISBN:
9780231536103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165129.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines Saudi Arabia's strategy, in cooperation with the Salafi clerical establishment, toward domestic Shi'a activism. From 2003 onward, the Saudi regime's strategy toward Shi'a ... More


Introduction

Afsar Mohammad

in The Festival of Pīrs: Popular Islam and Shared Devotion in South India

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199997589
eISBN:
9780199346448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199997589.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In this section, to explain these two processes two key terms are used—localized Islam and local Islam—the former as a relatively fixed structure that upholds the normative Islam and the latter as a ... More


The Coup That Never Was: January 1979

Hazem Kandil

in The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190239206
eISBN:
9780190239237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239206.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the 1979 Iranian revolution that overthrew the Pahlavi monarchy and Muhammad Reza and enabled Ayatollah Khomeini to assume power. It is widely believed that the Iranian ... More


Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Afshon Ostovar

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199387892
eISBN:
9780190491727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199387892.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This book is about the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) and its ascent to become one of the most formidable entities in Iran and the Middle East. It follows the organization from its birth ... More


The Aq-qoyunlu and Safavids

D. T. Potts

in Nomadism in Iran: From Antiquity to the Modern Era

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199330799
eISBN:
9780199366842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199330799.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Much of western and southern Iran fell under the control of the Aq-qoyunlu in the fifteenth century following the end of the Timurid period. The Türkmen presence increased, particularly in the ... More


The Death of Mūsā al-Kāzim (d. 183/799): Knowledge and Suicide in Early Twelver ShĪʿĪsm

Najam Haider

in Martyrdom, Self-Sacrifice, and Self-Immolation: Religious Perspectives on Suicide

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190656485
eISBN:
9780190656522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190656485.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines Twelver Shī‘ī scholarly treatments of martyrdom, with a particular focus on historical and theological discussions surrounding the figure of the Imām. Shī‘ī scholars attempted ... More


Shattered Political Language: Reconstructing a Humanist Culture of Nonviolence

Chibli Mallat

in Philosophy of Nonviolence: Revolution, Constitutionalism, and Justice beyond the Middle East

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199394203
eISBN:
9780199394234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199394203.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Private International Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines, in a millennium-deep cultural perspective, the way in which persisting patterns of political language in the Middle East and beyond have been shattered by nonviolence. In a ... More


Of Mullas, Manuscripts, and Migration: Aspects of Twelver Shi‘i Community Life in the 18th Century

Andrew Newman

in Crisis, Collapse, Militarism and Civil War: The History and Historiography of 18th Century Iran

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190250324
eISBN:
9780190250348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190250324.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter considers the general historiographical position, and questions the traditional take on it by assessing whether the picture of decline and collapse can be consistent with the ... More


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