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Making Peace

Peter J. Marshall

in Remaking the British Atlantic: The United States and the British Empire after American Independence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640355
eISBN:
9780191739279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640355.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The peace between Britain and America was the achievement on the British side of Lord Shelburne. He had opposed the war and hoped that the Americans would return to a close relationship with Britain ... More


Times of Hardship and Distress

Ian Simpson Ross

in The Life of Adam Smith

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288213
eISBN:
9780191596827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288212.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

In the face of declining strength in the 1780s and grief over the death of his nearest relatives, his mother and his cousin Janet Douglas, Smith strove to leave behind him the works he had already ... More


Shelburne

Richard Whatmore

in Terrorists, Anarchists, and Republicans: The Genevans and the Irish in Time of Revolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691168777
eISBN:
9780691197470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168777.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter turns to the second Earl of Shelburne, William Petty. He was referred to as Lord Shelburne during his life, and by his many antagonists as ‘Malagrida’, after the notorious Portuguese ... More


The Contacts of Stanisław and his Circle with the English World after 1754

Butterwick Richard

in Poland’s Last King and English Culture

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207016
eISBN:
9780191677441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207016.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Stanislaw August maintained his contact with the English world even after returning from England and throughout his reign. He did this through his correspondence with Englishmen; his friendship with ... More


‘Hopes of Advancement’ (1761–66)

Wilfrid Prest

in William Blackstone: Law and Letters in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199550296
eISBN:
9780191720925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550296.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Blackstone was now fully committed to a career at the London bar, and enjoyed some measure of success, both as an advocate and in out-of-court practice. He nevertheless continued lecturing at Oxford, ... More


Paradise Lost, 1781–1784

F.P. Lock

in Edmund Burke, Volume I: 1730-1784

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199226634
eISBN:
9780191696244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226634.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

With the fall of North, Rockingham returned to power in 1782. Burke was admitted to the Privy Council and became Paymaster-General of the Forces. Rockingham's death in July 1782 and his replacement ... More


The Waterford Experiment

Richard Whatmore

in Terrorists, Anarchists, and Republicans: The Genevans and the Irish in Time of Revolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691168777
eISBN:
9780691197470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168777.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the historical context which led to the formation of the New Geneva settlement. Attacked as anarchists and democrats by the French during the eighteenth century, the Genevan ... More


The Chatham ministry I. The year of Charles Townshend (1766–1767): India and America

Peter D. G. Thomas

in George III: King and Politicians 1760-1770

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719064289
eISBN:
9781781700310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719064289.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on the regime of William Pitt as British prime minister, who was designated by George III as the First Earl of Chatham. Pitt was disposed to retain those office-holders who ... More


Introduction

Andrew Stockley

in Britain and France at the Birth of America: The European Powers and the Peace Negotiations of 1782-83

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859896153
eISBN:
9781781380451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859896153.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

At the beginning of 1782, Britain was preoccupied with trying to suppress the revolt of its American colonies while waging war with France, Spain, and the Netherlands. The task of making peace and ... More


The Birth of America

Andrew Stockley

in Britain and France at the Birth of America: The European Powers and the Peace Negotiations of 1782-83

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859896153
eISBN:
9781781380451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859896153.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In analysing the peace negotiations between Britain and America, Richard Morris suggests that American independence was the most important issue at stake at the time. He notes that the Americans won ... More


Shelburne, Vergennes and the European Settlement

Andrew Stockley

in Britain and France at the Birth of America: The European Powers and the Peace Negotiations of 1782-83

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859896153
eISBN:
9781781380451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859896153.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Richard Morris's account of the peace negotiations of 1782–1784 that ended the War of American Independence is incomplete with respect to the Anglo-American settlement, and is also inadequate in ... More


The Domestic Political Context

Andrew Stockley

in Britain and France at the Birth of America: The European Powers and the Peace Negotiations of 1782-83

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859896153
eISBN:
9781781380451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859896153.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Hopes for a reconciliation between France and Britain did not last long. Although the British Parliament pledged to uphold the peace settlement, it censured the terms that had been agreed. The earl ... More


Fox and the 1783 Negotiations

Andrew Stockley

in Britain and France at the Birth of America: The European Powers and the Peace Negotiations of 1782-83

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859896153
eISBN:
9781781380451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859896153.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Historical discussions of the peace negotiations that ended the War of American Independence have focused on the signing of the preliminary treaties on January 20, 1783. According to Jonathan Dull, ... More


Conclusion

Andrew Stockley

in Britain and France at the Birth of America: The European Powers and the Peace Negotiations of 1782-83

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859896153
eISBN:
9781781380451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859896153.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

By August 1782, the earl of Shelburne and French foreign minister Charles Gravier Vergennes were both predisposed to a quick settlement as part of the peace negotiations. In the process, the two men ... More


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