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John Locke and America: The Defence of English Colonialism

Barbara Arneil

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279679
eISBN:
9780191684296
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279679.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book considers the context of the colonial policies of Britain, John Locke's contribution to them, and the importance of these ideas in his theory of property. It also reconsiders the debate ... More


Decline and Revival

Maurizio Viroli

in For Love of Country: An Essay On Patriotism and Nationalism

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293583
eISBN:
9780191600289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293585.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The mid‐sixteenth to seventeenth centuries in Europe saw a general decline in republican patriotism due to the emergence of the modern state, which was disassociated with civic virtue and common ... More


Sentimentalism before Hume

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter consists of an overview of the work of the three British philosophers from the first half of the eighteenth century whose work most influenced the later sentimentalists: Francis ... More


‘Have a Care of perverted Authorities’:1 Parliament, Partisanship, and the Earl of Shaftesbury

Peter Hinds

in ‘The Horrid Popish Plot’: Roger L’Estrange and the Circulation of Political Discourse in Late Seventeenth-Century London

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264430
eISBN:
9780191733994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264430.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter discusses and addresses two main concerns. It starts by examining the controversy that surrounded the moving of Parliament from Westminster to Oxford in March 1681. It analyses the ... More


Pope’s Ethical Thinking: Passion and Irony in Dialogue: 2011 Chatterton Lecture on Poetry

Christopher Tilmouth

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 181, 2010-2011 Lectures

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265277
eISBN:
9780191754203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265277.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture examines Alexander Pope's depictions of passion and sentiment in a range of early writings, including his ‘Prologue’ to Addison's Cato, Eloisa to Abelard and An Essay on Man. It then ... More


Morality without Religion

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to the irreligious interpretation, there are two key claims that Hume seeks to establish in the Treatise in respect of morality. The first is that Hume defends the “autonomy of morality” in ... More


Toland and the moral teaching of the gospel

Laurent Jaffro

in Philosophy and Religion in Enlightenment Britain: New Case Studies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199227044
eISBN:
9780191739309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227044.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

According to John Toland, the only intelligible content of the Gospel is the commendation of mutual love as a social virtue. The chapter situates this claim in the context of Toland’s rhetorical use ... More


Reasoning about morals from Butler to Hume

Aaron Garrett

in Philosophy and Religion in Enlightenment Britain: New Case Studies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199227044
eISBN:
9780191739309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227044.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In this chapter it is argued that Hume’s stress on experiment in moral philosophy has one of its primary sources in Butler’s criticisms of Clarke’s moral rationalism and his arguments for a moral ... More


The Ashley Cooper Plan: The Founding of Carolina and the Origins of Southern Political Culture

Thomas D. Wilson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469628905
eISBN:
9781469626307
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628905.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This book demonstrates that early utopian visions for England’s American colonies had a lasting impact. Those early plans not only influenced the future form of American cities, but they shaped the ... More


Carolina: A Colonial Blueprint

Barbara Arneil

in John Locke and America: The Defence of English Colonialism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279679
eISBN:
9780191684296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279679.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Using documents written and endorsed by John Locke on behalf of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina, this chapter shows that Locke was closely involved in the debates over English colonisation. What ... More


The notion of a person and the role of consciousness and memory

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Locke's theory dominated the disputes over personal identity in the late seventeenth- and throughout the eighteenth century. This chapter examines those responses that either explicitly criticise or ... More


The soul: human and universal

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter deals with the views and arguments of thinkers who treat the issues of personal identity and self-consciousness from the perspective of an immaterialist theory of the mind. Standard ... More


Reflections on the Masham‐Leibniz Correspondence

Robert C. Sleigh

in Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195177602
eISBN:
9780199835553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177606.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Damaris Cudworth, later Lady Masham, was born in 1659 and died in 1708. She was the daughter of Ralph Cudworth, the wife of Sir Francis Masham, and the close friend, confidante, and, ultimately, ... More


Enthusiasm and Historicism: Mosaic Law and the Narration of History

Jordana Rosenberg

in Critical Enthusiasm: Capital Accumulation and the Transformation of Religious Passion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764266
eISBN:
9780199895359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764266.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature, Religion and Society

The central claim of Chapter One is that much early eighteenth-century historicist thought has been woefully overlooked because its historicist logic is couched in the language of religious ... More


Hume and the belief in personal identity

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The most discussed eighteenth-century account of personal identity is that of David Hume who influenced both Sulzer and Mérian. This chapter begins with a close analysis of the relevant sections in ... More


‘Shaftesbury’s Darling’: British Settlement in the Carolinas at the Close of the Seventeenth Century

Robert M. Weir

in The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume I: The Origins of Empire: British Overseas Enterprise to the Close of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205623
eISBN:
9780191676703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205623.003.0017
Subject:
History, World Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the origins of colonial society in Carolina. To establish ‘the interest of the Lords Proprietors with Equality, and without confusion’, and make the form of government ‘most ... More


Green's Criticism of the British Moralists

T. H. Irwin (ed.)

in T. H. Green: Ethics, Metaphysics, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199271665
eISBN:
9780191709364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271665.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Green reaches his ethical position partly by discussion of Aristotle, Hume, and Kant. He takes Hume to be representative of British moralists. He therefore neglects the important contributions of ... More


The Seventh Sense: Francis Hutcheson and Eighteenth-Century British Aesthetics

Peter Kivy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199260027
eISBN:
9780191597855
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260028.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

I have tried to do two things in this book: first, to make an analytic study of Francis Hutcheson's Inquiry Concerning Beauty, Order, Harmony, and Design, in some detail and completeness; second, to ... More


Just Before Hutcheson

Peter Kivy

in The Seventh Sense: Francis Hutcheson and Eighteenth-Century British Aesthetics

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199260027
eISBN:
9780191597855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260028.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

In this chapter, I discuss some of the seventeenth‐century predecessors of Hutcheson's sense of beauty, principally, Shaftesbury, and the seventeenth‐century concept of taste.


Epilogue: The Afterlife of Epictetus

A. A. Long

in Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245567
eISBN:
9780191597923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245568.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Concludes with a survey of Epictetus’ influence on later authors, ranging from classical antiquity and early Christianity up to the present. Those discussed include Simplicius, Justus Lipsius, ... More


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