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 Before Words Were Signs: Semiotics in Greek Philosophy

Phillip Cary

in Outward Signs: The Powerlessness of External Things in Augustine's Thought

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195336498
eISBN:
9780199868629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336498.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

To see what is new about Augustine's theory of signs, it is useful to notice that Greek semiotics was concerned with the epistemology of empirical inference and included no theory of language or ... More


Aristotle and the History of Greek Scepticism

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The purpose in this chapter is not to cast doubt on Aristotle's dogmatic credentials, but rather focuses on a series of questions that seem to have gone largely unasked. How far is Aristotle aware of ... More


Sextus Empiricus and Pyrrhonean Scepticism

Alan Bailey

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238522
eISBN:
9780191679667
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238522.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book offers an exposition and defence of the philosophy of Sextus Empiricus, one of the most influential of ancient thinkers, the father of philosophical scepticism. The subsequent sceptical ... More


The Scope of Scepticism

Casey Perin

in The Demands of Reason: An Essay on Pyrrhonian Scepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557905
eISBN:
9780191721366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557905.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Scope of Scepticism is the range of candidates for belief about which the Sceptic, in virtue of being a Sceptic, suspends judgement. This chapter argues that Sextus places a restriction on the ... More


Scepticism About Gods

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The philosophical sceptic attacks, in the doctrines of his rivals, not or not primarily the traditional features of the gods that the doctrinaire schools retain, but the rational innovations — the ... More


The Disturbing Theses

Katja Maria Vogt

in Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195320091
eISBN:
9780199869657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320091.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Early Stoic political philosophy is misrepresented in the sources—as recommending such practices as anthropophagy and incest—mostly because of the large role that the Sceptics had in transmitting the ... More


Necessity and Rationality

Casey Perin

in The Demands of Reason: An Essay on Pyrrhonian Scepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557905
eISBN:
9780191721366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557905.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

It is a striking fact that Sextus Empiricus often describes the Sceptic's suspension of judgement as a matter of necessity. This chapter examines the kind of necessity Sextus has in view when he ... More


Sextus Empiricus on Religious Dogmatism

Máté Veres

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 58

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198858997
eISBN:
9780191891618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858997.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

I present a reading of Sextus Empiricus’ two major discussions of philosophical theology (PH 3. 3–12 and M 9. 14–191) on which they offer divergent but compatible strategies for suspension of ... More


The Search for Truth

Casey Perin

in The Demands of Reason: An Essay on Pyrrhonian Scepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557905
eISBN:
9780191721366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557905.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Sextus Empiricus' claim that the Sceptic is engaged in the search for truth has struck many as dubious for two reasons. First, the discovery of truth is neither the necessary nor the most efficient ... More


Nietzsche and the Ancient Skeptical Tradition

Jessica N. Berry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368420
eISBN:
9780199867479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368420.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The impact of Nietzsche's engagement with the Greek skeptics has never been systematically explored in a book-length work—an inattention that belies the interpretive weight Nietzsche scholars ... More


Reading Sexuality Skeptically in Montaigne

Todd W. Reeser

in Setting Plato Straight: Translating Ancient Sexuality in the Renaissance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226307008
eISBN:
9780226307145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226307145.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The publication and popularity of Henri Estienne’s Latin translation of Sextus Empiricus’s Outlines of Skepticism allows for a new, skeptical approach to same-sex sexuality that questions its ... More


Appearances and Action

Casey Perin

in The Demands of Reason: An Essay on Pyrrhonian Scepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557905
eISBN:
9780191721366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557905.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The apraxia objection to Scepticism is the claim that there is a feature of Scepticism as Sextus Empiricus describes it—a feature that makes Scepticism the kind of philosophy and the way of life ... More


Ancient scepticism and ancient religion

Julia Annas

in Episteme, etc.: Essays in Honour of Jonathan Barnes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199696482
eISBN:
9780191738036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696482.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This paper considers an Epicurean challenge to the possibility of Sceptical inquiry (reminiscent of a famous paradox in Plato’s Meno), and also explores Sextus’ reply to that challenge. It suggests ... More


Nietzsche and the Pyrrhonian Tradition

Jessica N. Berry

in Nietzsche and the Ancient Skeptical Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368420
eISBN:
9780199867479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368420.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter opens with a discussion of “historical influence” that intends to clarify the sense in which Nietzsche can be said to have been influenced by Pyrrhonism. Then, it presents the ... More


The Nature of Disagreement: Ancient Relativism and Skepticism

Katja Maria Vogt

in Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199916818
eISBN:
9780199980291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916818.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Pyrrhonian skepticism has roots in metaphysical discussions relevant to relativism. The chapter reconstructs these discussions in Plato's Theaetetus, and explores how different versions of Pyrrhonian ... More


Sextan Scepticism

Jonathan Barnes

in Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy in Honour of Myles Burnyeat

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199289974
eISBN:
9780191711008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289974.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter explores the concept of ‘Sextan scepticism’. It addresses the question of whether Sextus was a radical and rustic sceptic or a moderate and urbane sceptic. It argues Sextan scepticism, ... More


The Epicurean and Skeptic Ways of Life

John M. Cooper

in Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138602
eISBN:
9781400842322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138602.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the Epicurean and Pyrrhonian skeptic ways of life. It argues that the Epicurean life, however much grounded in the results of philosophical analysis and argument, and however ... More


The Sceptics

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The most extensive evidence on Sceptical argument about ethics comes from Sextus Empiricus, writing in the second century AD. Sextus describes his ... More


Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification

Robert J. Fogelin

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195089875
eISBN:
9780199833238
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195089871.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This work addresses the following question: What would be the consequence of allowing a representative of ancient Pyrrhonian scepticism to become a party to contemporary debates in theory of ... More


The Sceptics

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson discusses the sceptical attacks on dogmatic accounts of cause and explanation, beginning with the Eight Modes of Aenesidemus, before moving on to discuss Sextus Empiricus’ ... More


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